|The Mountain-Prairie Region|
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
134 Union Boulevard
Lakewood, Colorado 80228
August 6, 2004
Abbott 307-772-2374 ext 23
Critical Habitat Proposed for the Colorado Butterfly Plant
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing to designate approximately 8,486 acres of land along 113 stream miles as critical habitat for the Colorado butterfly plant a short-lived perennial herb. Areas under consideration include parts of Platte and Laramie counties in Wyoming; Kimball County in Nebraska; and Weld County in Colorado.
The Colorado butterfly plant was listed as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act in 2000. This critical habitat proposal is in response to a lawsuit filed by the Center for Biological Diversity and the Biodiversity Legal Foundation. Todays proposal is made under a court-approved settlement agreement requiring the Service to make a final critical habitat designation for the Colorado butterfly plant by Dec. 31, 2004.
The proposed critical habitat areas are adjacent to Teepee Ring Creek, Bear Creek, Little Bear Creek, Horse Creek, Lodgepole Creek, Diamond Creek, Spring Creek, and Lone Tree Creek in Wyoming; Lodgepole Creek in Nebraska; and on the Meadow Springs Ranch in Colorado. Details of the critical habitat proposal will be included in the maps and documents that are published along with the rule in the Federal Register.
"The Service is proposing only areas that are essential to the conservation of the Colorado butterfly plant, based on the best scientific information currently available," said Ralph Morgenweck, the Services Director for the Mountain-Prairie Region. To ensure that the final critical habitat designation is as accurate as possible, we encourage people to review our proposal and provide comments and any additional information they believe is relevant. The Service will consider all available information before making a final decision.
Because approximately 90 percent of the habitat in the proposed designation occurs on private land in Wyoming, the Service is working with landowners to protect the Colorado butterfly plant through voluntary conservation agreements. Conservation agreements between landowners and the Service that provide sufficient protection to the Colorado butterfly plant will enable the Service to exclude those parcels of land from a critical habitat designation.
Colorado butterfly habitat located on F.E. Warren Air Force Base in Wyoming is not included in this critical habitat proposal because the Base has an approved Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan that addresses the conservation needs of the plant.
An economic analysis of the critical habitat proposal will be prepared and made available for public comment before a final decision is made. The Service may exclude areas from the final description if the benefit of exclusion outweighs the benefit of inclusion. Over the next few months, the Service will be considering whether all the areas proposed for designation are essential to the conservation of the species.
Native plants are important for their ecological, economic, and aesthetic values. Plants play an important role in development of crops that resist disease, insects, and drought. At least 25 percent of prescription drugs contain ingredients derived from plant compounds, including medicine to treat cancer, heart disease, juvenile leukemia, and malaria, and to assist in organ transplants. Plants are also used to develop natural pesticides.
The public will have 60 days after the date of publication to provide comments and additional information. These may be submitted in writing to: Field Supervisor U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Field Office, 4000 Airport Parkway, Cheyenne, Wyoming 82001, or electronically to: email@example.com. They may also be faxed to 307‑772‑2358.
Copies of the rule and other materials can be downloaded from: http://mountain-prairie.fws.gov/species/plants/cobutterfly
The Colorado butterfly plant is found in moist areas of floodplains and stands 2 to 3 feet tall with one or a few reddish, fuzzy stems and white flowers that turn pink or red with age. Only a few flowers are open at one time and these are located below the rounded buds and above the mature fruits. Non-flowering plants consist of a stemless, basal rosette of oblong, hairless leaves 1 to 7 inches long.
The primary threats to the plant are haying and mowing at certain times of the year, changes in water use, land conversion for cultivation, competition from exotic plants, non-selective use of herbicides, and loss of habitat to urban development.
Critical habitat is a term in the Endangered Species Act. It identifies geographic areas that contain features essential for the conservation of a threatened or endangered species and may require special management considerations. The designation of critical habitat does not affect land ownership or establish a refuge, wilderness, reserve, preserve, or other conservation area. It does not allow government or public access to private lands.
In 30 years of implementing the Endangered Species Act, the Service has found that the designation of critical habitat provides little additional protection to most listed species, while preventing the Service from using scarce conservation resources for activities with greater conservation benefits.
In almost all cases, recovery of listed species will come through voluntary cooperative partnerships, not regulatory measures such as critical habitat. Habitat is also protected through cooperative measures under the Endangered Species Act including Habitat Conservation Plans, Safe Harbor Agreements, Candidate Conservation Agreements and state programs. In addition, voluntary partnership programs such as the Services Private Stewardship Grants and Partners for Fish and Wildlife program also restore habitat. Habitat for endangered species is provided on many national wildlife refuges, managed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and state wildlife management areas.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is the principal Federal agency responsible for conserving, protecting and enhancing fish, wildlife and plants and their habitats for the continuing benefit of the American people. The Service manages the 95-million-acre National Wildlife Refuge System, which encompasses 544 national wildlife refuges, thousands of small wetlands and other special management areas. It also operates 69 national fish hatcheries, 64 Fish and Wildlife Management offices and 81 ecological services field stations. The agency enforces Federal wildlife laws, administers the Endangered Species Act, manages migratory bird populations, restores nationally significant fisheries, conserves and restores wildlife habitat such as wetlands, and helps foreign governments with their conservation efforts. It also oversees the Federal Assistance program, which distributes hundreds of millions of dollars in excise taxes on fishing and hunting equipment to State fish and wildlife agencies.
Frequently Asked Questions About
Proposed Critical Habitat For the Colorado Butterfly Plant
Q What action is the Fish and Wildlife Service taking?
A The U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing to designate approximately 8,486 acres of land along 113 stream miles as critical habitat for the Colorado butterfly plant - a short-lived perennial herb protected under the Federal Endangered Species Act.
A final decision regarding the designation of critical habitat will be made by Dec. 31, 2004, after the economic analysis has been finished and the public comment period has closed.
Q Why is the Service proposing critical habitat?
A In response to a lawsuit filed by the Center for Biological Diversity and Biodiversity Legal Foundation against the Service for failure to designate critical habitat for the Colorado butterfly plant, the Service agreed to a court settlement requiring it to make a final critical habitat determination by December 31, 2004.
Q What is critical habitat?
A Critical habitat designates areas that contain habitat essential for the conservation of a threatened or endangered species and which may require special management considerations. A designation does not set up a preserve or refuge and has no specific regulatory impact on landowners whose actions on their land do not involve Federal agency funds, authorization or permits.
Critical habitat is determined after taking into consideration the economic impact it could cause, as well as any other relevant impacts. The Secretary of the Interior may exclude any area from critical habitat if the benefits of exclusion outweigh the benefits of inclusion, as long as the exclusion would not result in the extinction of the species.
Q What is being proposed as critical habitat for the Colorado butterfly plant?
Tepee Ring Creek, Platte County: 107 acres, 1.5 stream miles
Bear Creek East, Laramie County: 801 acres, 11.2 stream miles
Bear Creek West, Laramie County: 500 acres, 7.3 stream miles
Little Bear Creek/Horse Creek, Laramie County: 2,480 acres, 36.1 stream miles
Lodgepole Creek West, Laramie County: 1,067 acres, 15 stream miles Diamond Creek, Spring Creek, and Lone Tree Creek, Laramie County: 1,141 acres, 17.2 stream miles
Wyoming/Nebraska: Lodgepole Creek East, Laramie County WY, Kimball County, NE: 1,683 acres, 24.8 stream miles
Colorado: Meadow Springs Ranch, Weld County: 707 acres, no stream miles
Details of the critical habitat proposal are included in the maps and documents published with the proposed rule in the Federal Register.
Q What is the land ownership or the proposed critical habitat designations?
A Most of the proposed habitat in the three states is privately owned. There are, however, some lands in Wyoming owned by the sate and the City of Cheyenne. The City of Ft. Collins owns some of the land being considered in Colorado.
Q What areas are not included in this critical habitat proposal?
A Colorado butterfly habitat located on F.E. Warren Air Force Base in Wyoming is not included in this critical habitat proposal because the base has an approved Integrated Natural Resources Management Plan that addresses the conservation needs of the plant.
Q Will any privately-owned lands be excluded from a critical habitat designation?
A The Service believes that in almost all cases, recovery of listed species will come through voluntary cooperative partnerships, not regulatory measures such as critical habitat. Therefore, the Service is working with landowners to protect habitat for the Colorado butterfly plant through voluntary conservation agreements. Working cooperatively with landowners is the preferred approach to protecting the species. This approach will be actively pursued before finalizing critical habitat. Conservation agreements between the landowners and the Service that provide sufficient protection to the Colorado butterfly plant will enable the Service to exclude those parcels of land from a critical habitat designation.
Q How did the Service determine what areas should be proposed as critical habitat for the Colorado butterfly plant?
A The Service used the best scientific data available to determine areas that contain the physical and biological features essential for the conservation of the plant and reviewed all the available information concerning habitat conditions, threats, limiting factors, population demographics, and the known location, distribution, and abundance of the plant.
The Service is only proposing to designate areas that currently have the primary constituent element essential to the conservation of the Colorado butterfly plant and for areas that require special management. Primary constituent elements are physical and biological features that are essential to the conservation of the plant. These include: habitat components essential for the biological needs of rosette growth and development, flower production, pollination, seed set and fruit production, and genetic exchange
All areas proposed as critical habitat for the Colorado butterfly plant are within the historic geographic range of the species and where the plant is currently known to occur.
Q Who would be affected by a critical habitat designation?
A Federal agencies are required to consult with the Service on actions they carry out, fund, or authorize that might affect critical habitat. It is important to note that in most cases, this is already occurring under the section 7 interagency consultation requirements of the Endangered Species Act.
Q - What would a critical habitat designation mean to a private landowner?
A - A critical habitat designation does not affect situations where a Federal agency is not involved - for example, a landowner undertaking a project on private land that involves no Federal funding or permit.
Q - How will a critical habitat designation for the Colorado butterfly plant affect use of my personal property? Will this result in any taking of my property?
A - The designation of critical habitat on privately-owned land does not mean the government wants to acquire or control the land. Activities on private lands that do not require Federal permits or funding are not affected by a critical habitat designation. Critical habitat does not require landowners to carry out any special management actions or restrict the use of the land.
If a landowner needs a Federal permit or receives Federal funding for a specific activity, the agency responsible for issuing the permit or providing the funds would consult with the Service to determine how the action may affect the species or its designated critical habitat. The Service will work with the Federal agency and private landowner to modify the project and minimize the impacts.
Q - How would State lands be affected by a critical habitat designation?
A - Non-Federal activities are not affected. Designation of critical habitat requires Federal agencies to review activities they fund, authorize, or carry out, to assess the likely effects of the activities on critical habitat.
Q Would a critical habitat designation have economic impacts?
A An economic analysis of the proposed critical habitat designation will be completed and subject to public review prior to a final decision. The Secretary of Interior may exclude any area from critical habitat if the benefits of exclusion outweigh the conservation benefits of inclusion, as long as the exclusion would not result in the extinction of the species.
Q How long would a critical habitat designation remain in effect?
A Until the species is considered to be recovered, and is de-listed.
Q Will I have an opportunity to comment on the proposed critical habitat designations?
A The 60-day comment period closes on Oct. 5, 2004. Comments and information may be submitted in writing to: Field Supervisor, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Wyoming Field Office, 4000 Airport Parkway, Cheyenne, Wyoming 82001, or may be submitted electronically to: firstname.lastname@example.org. They may also be faxed to 307‑772‑2358.
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