The conceptual management plan gives local landowners, neighboring governmental agencies, and the public a general understanding of the anticipated management approach for the Baca National Wildlife Refuge over the next 3–5 years. This includes how the Service will manage wildlife and their habitats, visitor services, and facilities, along with how we will coordinate with other agencies. Planning for a comprehensive conservation plan, a 15-year guiding document, is scheduled to start in 2011.
Part of the Alamosa/Monte Vista/Baca National Wildlife Refuge Complex, the refuge is in a high mountain basin, the San Luis Valley, in south-central Colorado.
Habitats at Baca National Wildlife Refuge include wet meadows, playa basins, riparian corridors, grasslands, and semidesert shrub communities dominated by greasewood and rabbitbrush.
Water control structures on several streams distribute runoff from snowmelt into large meadows dominated by Baltic rush, sedges, and other wetland plants. The refuge is an important stopover for migrating sandhill cranes and hosts many waterbirds such as white-faced ibis, sora, Virginia rail, Wilson’s phalarope, and American avocet. A globally rare plant, the slender spiderflower, occurs in the transition zones between shrub land and grassland communities.
Baca National Wildlife Refuge is part of a large grouping of interconnected conservation lands—more than 500,000 acres—that includes the Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve, Rio Grande National Forest, The Nature Conservancy’s Medano Ranch, San Luis Lakes State Park, and lands controlled by the Colorado State Land Board.
Conceptual management plan
Conceptual management plan 2005 (3 MB PDF)
By section, for faster download:
Contents, summary (PDF)
Chapter 1, introduction, purpose of and need for plan (1 MB PDF)
Chapter 2, planning process and key issues (PDF)
Chapter 3, management direction (1 MB PDF)
Chapter 4, land acquisition (PDF)
Chapter 5, resource monitoring (PDF)
Chapter 6, literature cited (PDF)
Chapter 7, list of preparers and reviewers (PDF)