The comprehensive conservation plan sets the management and use of Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge for 15 years. The refuge is located in north-central Nebraska. Bisected by the Niobrara River, Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge is the only place in North America where five distinct ecotones merge: sandhills prairie, mixed-grass prairie, Rocky Mountain coniferous forest, eastern deciduous forest, and northern boreal forest.
The purposes of the refuge are to (1) preserve breeding grounds for native birds, (2) preserve bison and elk herds representative of those that once roamed the Great Plains, and (3) manage wilderness with equal consideration in management decisions.
The sandhills and prairies of this refuge are excellent habitat for the bison and elk managed by the refuge, as well as for many resident and migratory bird species. Water impoundments and the riparian habitats of the Niobrara River and its tributaries provide breeding and migrating habitats for a wide variety of songbirds, as well as feeding and loafing grounds for elk, deer, and other upland mammals. The Niobrara National Scenic River is a 76-mile stretch of the river, including the portion in the refuge. In addition, part of the Niobrara River passing through the refuge is a national canoe trail.
Major actions in the comprehensive conservation plan follow:
Comprehensive conservation plan (CCP)
CCP 1999 (4 MB PDF)
Draft CCP and environmental assessment (EA)
Draft CCP and EA 1999 (PDF)