The comprehensive conservation plan sets the management and use of the Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge for 15 years. This refuge in north-central Kansas is an overlay on Kirwin Reservoir, which was built for irrigation and flood control. The Service manages activities on the land and water, while water level control of the reservoir rests with the Kirwin Irrigation District, United States Bureau of Reclamation, and United States Army Corps of Engineers.
The purpose of the refuge is "for the conservation, maintenance, and management of wildlife, resources thereof, and its habitat thereon … in behalf of the National Migratory Bird Management Program" (Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act).
Habitats on Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge consist of prairie grassland, cropland, open water, shoreline, wetlands, and wooded riparian areas. The refuge lies in an area where the tallgrass prairies of the East meet the short-grass plains of the West. Because of this merging of prairies and plains, grasses and wildlife common to both habitats occur on the refuge.
Visitors to the refuge enjoy recreational activities such as hunting, fishing, wildlife observation, and wildlife photography. Each year, between 40,000 to 90,000 people recreate at the refuge, depending on the water level and the fishing quality. The Service permits hunting in season for waterfowl, dove, pheasant, quail, turkey, prairie chicken, snipe, coot, cottontail rabbit, fox squirrel, and white-tailed deer. During a typical day in hunting season, the refuge attracts about 100 people.
The following are major actions in the comprehensive conservation plan:
Comprehensive conservation plan (CCP)
CCP 2006 (3 MB PDF)
Draft CCP and environmental assessment (EA)
Draft CCP and EA 2006 (3 MB PDF)