U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service logo


Rock Creek

Location map for Rock Creek in the Blackfoot Watershed

Rock Creek, the main tributary to the lower North Fork of the Blackfoot River, is formed by the confluence of Salmon Creek and Dry Creek on the northeastern edge of Kleinschmidt Flat. This stream flows 8.2 miles in a south-westerly direction, joining the North Fork at river mile 6.2. Its flow measured 53 cfs on July 24, 1989. Kleinschmidt Creek joins Rock Creek immediately upstream of the North Fork junction. Rock Creek occupies a channel historically formed by a braided glacial outwash stream. Upper Rock Creek skirts the foothills on eastern edge of Kleinschmidt Flat before entering the flat where it loses water to alluvium and irrigation.  In the lower portion of Kleinschmidt Flat, groundwater surfaces, forming the spring creek portion of Rock Creek.

Habitat surveys completed in the lower 8.2 miles indicate the condition of the stream and riparian areas as severally degraded, being extremely wide and shallow. Livestock had sheared wet banks, logging has impacted the stream channel, irrigation has dewatered the stream, culverts have blocked fish passage, and tillage of the riparian areas have contributed to the poor condition of the stream. A representative cross section profile of the channel at mile 3.7 had a base flow wetted width of 35 feet and a maximum depth of 6 inches. According to our measurements, normal bankfull channel width and depth for this channel type (E5) are 8 feet and 18 inches, respectively. In order to prioritize restoration resources, we developed a fisheries-based restoration priority scorecard, based on biological, social and financial considerations, for 83 impaired tributaries of the Blackfoot River. Rock Creek is ranked 7 of 83 streams surveyed.

Restoration activities began in the lower 1.2 miles of Rock Creek in 1990. Eight barriers to fish passage (culverts, dams and diversions) were removed and more efficient diversion structures were created at two headgates. Conversion from flood to sprinkler irrigation was made, improving water management and conservation, and allowing increased stream flows in the channel. Over three miles of instream habitat was restored to its historic E4 channel type. Adding woody debris to the stream, planting riparian shrubs and conifers, and grazing management have been implemented on over 5 miles of Rock Creek.

Rock Creek before restoration
Before restoration.
Rock Creek after restoration
After restoration.
Aerial photo of Rock Creek after restoration
Aerial view of the Rock Creek restoration.

Return to the Project Location Map

Blackfoot Valley Watershed
Montana Partners for Fish and Wildlife
Regional Partners for Fish & Wildlife Home Page
Mountain-Prairie Region
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service