Mississippi Sandhill Crane National Wildlife Refuge
Conserving the Nature of America
Bird List

Symbols used in this list are defined as:

Occurrence:

W
Winter
December - February
Sp
Spring
March - May
Su
Summer
June - August
F
Fall
Sept. - November
     
Abundance:
*
Nesting
x
Accidental
Has been seen once or twice
R
Rare
Seen at intervals of 2-5 years
O
Occasional
Seen few times during the season
A
Abundant
A common species that is very numerous
C
Common
Certain to be seen or heard in suitable habitats
U
Uncommon
Present, but not certain to be seen

Species
W
Sp
Su
F
Grebes
Pied-billed Grebe
o
o
Pelicans
American White Pelican
o
 
o
Brown Pelican
r
     
Cormorants
Double-crested Cormorant
o
o
Frigatebirds
Magnificent Frigatebird
r
Herons, Bitterns & Allies
American Bittern
o
o
Least Bittern
u
u
*Great Blue Heron
c
u
u
u
Great Egret
c
u
u
u
Snowy Egret
u
u
Little Blue Heron
u
u
u
u
Tricolored Heron
u
o
o
o
Cattle Egret
o
u
c
u
*Green Heron
u
u
u
u
Black-crowned Night-Heron
c
Yellow-crowned Night-Heron
o
o
Ibises and Spoonbills
White Ibis
o
o
American Vultures
Black Vulture
a
a
a
a
Turkey Vulture
c
c
c
c
Waterfowl
Snow Goose
r
*Canada Goose
c
u
u
u
*Wood Duck
u
c
c
u
Gadwall
u
Mallard
r
r
*Mottled Duck
u
u
u
u
Blue-winged Teal
u
o
o
Northern Shoveler
u
Redhead
o
Green-winged Teal
u
Hooded Merganser
u
u
Kites, Hawks & Eagles
*Osprey
o
c
c
o
Swallow-tailed Kite
o
o
Mississippi Kite
o
o
Bald Eagle
o
o
Northern Harrier
c
u
u
Sharp-shinned Hawk
u
u
u
Cooper's Hawk
u
u
o
u
*Red-shouldered Hawk
c
c
c
c
Broad-winged Hawk
u
u
 
*Red-tailed Hawk
c
c
c
c
Golden Eagle
r
Falcons
American Kestrel
a
c
u
c
Merlin
o
Peregrine Falcon
o
Ptarmigans
*Wild Turkey
u
u
u
u
*Northern Bobwhite
c
c
c
c
Rails, Gallinules and Coots
Yellow Rail
r
r
r
Clapper Rail
c
c
c
c
King Rail
u
u
u
u
Virginia Rail
o
o
o
Sora
u
u
Purple Gallinule
o
o
Common Moorhen
u
u
u
u
American Coot
c
c
o
c
Cranes
*Sandhill Crane
u
u
u
u
Plovers
Black-bellied Plover
u
o
o
Semipalmated Plover
u
o
*Killdeer
a
c
u
u
Sandpipers & Phalaropes
Greater Yellowlegs
u
u
u
Lesser Yellowlegs
u
u
u
Solitary Sandpiper
u
Spotted Sandpiper
u
u
Semipalmated Sandpiper
u
u
u
Western Sandpiper
u
u
u
Least Sandpiper
u
u
u
Pectoral Sandpiper
u
u
u
Long-billed Dowitcher
o
o
o
Common Snipe
u
u
u
u
American Woodcock
u
u
u
Gulls & Terns
Laughing Gull
o
o
o
o
Least Tern
u
Doves
Rock Dove
o
o
o
o
Eurasian Collared-Dove
r
*Mourning Dove
a
a
a
a
Common Ground Dove
u
u
u
u
Cuckoos
Black-billed Cuckoo
o
o
u
Yellow-billed Cuckoo
u
o
u
Barn Owls
Barn Owl
o
o
o
o
Owls
*Eastern Screech-Owl
u
u
u
u
*Great Horned Owl
c
c
c
c
Barred Owl
u
u
u
u
Nightjars
*Common Nighthawk
u
c
c
c
*Chuck-will's-widow
u
c
c
c
Whip-poor-will
r
r
r
Swifts
Chimney Swift
c
c
c
Hummingbirds
Ruby-throated Hummingbird
c
u
u
Kingfishers
*Belted Kingfisher
a
a
u
a
Woodpeckers
*Red-headed Woodpecker
c
c
c
c
*Red-bellied Woodpecker
c
c
c
c
Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
u
u
u
*Downy woodpecker
c
c
c
c
Hairy Woodpecker
o
o
o
o
*Northern Flicker
c
c
c
c
*Pileated Woodpecker
c
c
c
c
         
         
 
Species
W
Sp
Su
F
Tyrant Flycatchers
Eastern Wood-Pewee
c
u
c
Least Flycatcher
o
o
Eastern Phoebe
u
u
u
Great Crested Flycatcher
c
c
u
*Eastern Kingbird
c
c
c
Shrikes
*Loggerhead Shrike
c
c
c
c
Vireos
*White-eyed Vireo
c
c
c
c
Blue-headed Vireo
u
u
Yellow-throated Vireo
u
u
Red-eyed Vireo
u
u
Crows & Jays
*Blue Jay
c
c
c
c
*American Crow
a
a
a
a
Fish Crow
c
c
c
c
Swallows
*Purple Martin
o
u
u
u
Tree Swallow
u
u
u
*N. Rough-winged Swallow
u
u
u
Bank Swallow
u
u
u
Cliff Swallow
u
u
u
Barn Swallow
u
u
u
Chickadees & Titmice
*Carolina Chickadee
c
c
c
c
Tufted Titmouse
u
u
u
u
Nuthatches
Red-breasted Nuthatch
r
r
*Brown-headed Nuthatch
c
c
c
c
Wrens
*Carolina Wren
u
u
u
u
House Wren
c
u
u
Winter Wren
u
u
u
Sedge Wren
c
c
c
Marsh Wren
u
u
u
Kinglets
Golden-crowned Kinglet
u
u
u
Ruby-crowned Kinglet
c
u
u
Gnatcatchers
Blue-gray Gnatcatcher
c
c
o
u
Thrushes
*Eastern Bluebird
a
c
c
c
Veery
u
u
Gray-cheeked Thrush
u
u
Swainson's Thrush
u
u
Hermit Thrush
c
u
u
Wood Thrush
u
u
*American Robin
a
c
u
c
Mimic Thrushes
*Gray Catbird
u
u
u
u
*Northern Mockingbird
c
c
c
c
*Brown Thrasher
a
a
a
a
Starlings
*European Starling
u
u
u
u
Pipits
American Pipit
u
u
u
Waxwings
Cedar Waxwing
a
c
o
c
Warblers
Tennessee Warbler
u
u
Orange-crowned Warbler
u
u
*Northern Parula
u
u
Yellow Warbler
u
u
Magnolia Warbler
o
Yellow-rumped Warbler
a
c
u
c
Black-throated Green Warbler
o
Yellow-throated Warbler
o
*Pine Warbler
c
c
a
c
*Prairie Warbler
c
c
u
Palm Warbler
u
o
o
Black-and-white Warbler
u
u
American Redstart
u
u
Prothonotary Warbler
o
u
o
Worm-eating Warbler
u
u
Ovenbird
o
o
Northern Waterthrush
o
o
Kentucky Warbler
u
u
*Common Yellowthroat
u
c
c
c
*Hooded Warbler
u
c
u
*Yellow-breasted Chat
o
u
o
Tanagers
Summer Tanager
u
u
Scarlet Tanager
u
u
Sparrows
*Eastern Towhee
a
a
a
a
*Bachman's Sparrow
c
c
c
c
Chipping Sparrow
c
u
o
u
Field Sparrow
u
u
u
u
Vesper Sparrow
u
u
Savannah Sparrow
c
c
o
c
Henslow's Sparrow
c
o
o
Le Conte's Sparrow
u
o
o
Fox Sparrow
u
u
u
Song Sparrow
c
u
u
Swamp Sparrow
u
u
u
White-throated Sparrow
u
u
u
Juncos
Dark-eyed Junco
c
u
u
Grosbeaks & Allies
*Northern Cardinal
a
a
a
a
Rose-breasted Grosbeak
r
r
*Blue Grosbeak
o
c
c
c
*Indigo Bunting
c
c
u
Painted Bunting
r
Dickcissel
x
Blackbirds
Bobolink
o
o
Red-winged Blackbird
a
c
c
c
*Eastern Meadowlark
c
c
u
c
Common Grackle
c
c
c
c
Boat-tailed Grackle
c
c
c
c
*Brown-headed Cowbird
c
c
c
c
*Orchard Oriole
x
c
c
c
Baltimore Oriole
x
u
u
Finches
Purple Finch
u
u
r
House Finch
o
o
o
o
American Goldfinch
u
u
u
Old World Sparrows
House Sparrow
o
o
o
o
       
   
Last updated: June 12, 2009