Migratory Bird Program
Conserving the Nature of America

ARCTIC ECOSYSTEMS IN PERIL: REPORT OF THE ARCTIC GOOSE HABITAT WORKING GROUP

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Fig 2.13. Grubbing by geese: (a) removal of short graminoid turf over a large area, (b) broad front type grubbing by lesser snow geese, (c) dead willows and the absence of turf; the surface of the sediments is hypersaline.

Figure 2.13




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Last updated: April 11, 2012