Migratory Bird Program
Conserving the Nature of America

WEST NILE VIRUS (WNV) - Sources of Information

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service is cooperating with other Federal and State agencies to facilitate the gathering of information on the incidence of and WNV in wild birds. The following five Web sites contain some of the best and most up-to-date information available on the geographic distribution of WNV in the United States; its occurrence in humans, livestock, and native wildlife; risk assessments; and suggestions for prevention and control.

Migratory Bird Hunters and West Nile Virus - a FAQ from the Centers for Disease Control

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (USDA) - Features risks to horses and other livestock, with links to sites providing additional information

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - Features ecology of the virus, human health risks, preventive measures and control, scientific publications on WNV, and numerous links

Cornell University Center for the Environment (Environmental Risk Analysis Program) - Features regular updates on occurrence of the virus, a bibliography of scientific literature, a listserv, and numerous links

National Audubon Society - An informative and well-documented account about WNV and it's effect on birds and other wildlife.

National Wildlife Health Center (USGS) - Features occurrence of WNV in native and non-native wildlife, surveillance maps, and numerous links

Ornithological Council - Precautionary guidelines for ornithologists, bird banders, and others whose jobs require them to handle live or dead birds in the field or in laboratory situations.

Smithsonian Institution - Includes abstracts of papers (many of them focused on birds) presented at a workshop sponsored by the Smithsonian's Environmental Research Center in February 2003.

Prepared by John L. Trapp, 6 November 2000
Last Revised 21 April 2003


Last updated: April 11, 2012