Wolf - Western Great Lakes
Midwest Region

 

Map of Region 3 Minnesota Wisconsin Michigan

 

Documents Cited in Final Rule for the

Gray Wolf Western Great Lakes Distinct Population Segment

December 2011

 

PDF Version

 

Almberg, E.S., L.D. Mech, D.W. Smith , J.W. Sheldon, R.L. Crabtree.  2009.  A Serological Survey of Infectious Disease in Yellowstone National Park’s Canid Community.  PLoS One 4(9):e7042.

 

Almberg, E. S., P.C. Cross, D.W. Smith.  2010.  Persistence of Canine Distemper Virus in the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem’s Carnivore Community.  Ecological Applications 20(7):2058-2074.

 

Avise, J. C.  2004.  Molecular Markers, Natural History, and Evolution, 2nd edition.  Sinauer, Sunderland, Mass.

 

Bailey, T.N., E.E. Bangs, and R.O. Peterson.  1995.  Exposure of wolves to canine parvovirus and distemper on the Kenai National Wildlife Refuge, Kenai Peninsula, Alaska, 1976-1988.  pp. 441-446 in Carbyn, L.N., S.H. Fritts, and D.R. Seip.  1995.  Ecology and conservation of wolves in a changing world.  Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Occasional Publication No. 35.  Edmonton, Alberta.  642 pp.

 

Baker, R. J., L. C. Bradley, R. D. Bradley, J. W. Dragoo, M. D. Engstrom, F. S. Hoffman, C. A. Jones, F. Reid, D. W. Rice, and C. Jones.  2003.  Revised Checklist of North American Mammals North of Mexico.  Museum of Texas Tech University, Occasional Papers Number 229, 1 December 2003.

 

Ballard, W. B., L. N. Carbyn, and D.W. Smith.  2003.  Wolves interactions with non-prey.  pp. 259-271 in L.D. Mech and L. Boitani.  Wolves, Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation  University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.  448 pp.
Berg, W.E., and S. Benson.  1999.  Updated wolf population estimate for Minnesota, 1997-1998.  Minnesota Department of Natural Resources Report.  Grand Rapids, Minnesota. 14 pp.

 

Berg, W.E. and D.W. Kuehn.  1982.  Ecology of wolves in north-central Minnesota.  pp.4-11 in F.H. Harrington and P.C. Paquet, eds.  Wolves of the world:  perspectives of behavior, ecology, and conservation.  Noyes, Park Ridge, NJ.

 

Beyer, D., T. Hogrefe, R.B. Peyton, P. Bull, J.P. Burroughs, and P. Lederle (editors).  2006.  Review of social and biological science relevant to wolf management in Michigan.  Michigan DNR, Lansing, MI.  Wildlife Division Report No. 3457, June 2006.  149 pp. plus 11 appendices.

 

Beyer, D., B.J. Roell, and D.H. Lonsway.  2004.  2004 Survey of the gray wolf population in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula.  Unpublished report by Michigan DNR.  Lansing, MI.  8 pp.

 

Beyer, D.E., R.O.  Peterson, J.A. Vucetich, and J.H. Hammill.  2009.  Wolf population changes in Michigan.  Pp. 65-85 in A.P. Wydeven, T. R. Van Deelen, and E.J. Heske, eds. Recovery of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story. Springer, New York, NY, USA. 350 pp.  

 

Blanco, J.C., Y. Cortes, and E. Virgos.  2005.  Wolf response to two kinds of barriers in an agricultural habitat in Spain. Canadian Journal of Zoology/Revue Canadienne de Zoologie [Can. J. Zool./Rev. Can. Zool.]. 83(2):312-323.

 

Boitani, L. 2003. Wolf Conservation and Recovery. Pages 317-340 in Wolves: Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation. L.D. Mech and L. Boitani, eds. University of Chicago Press, Chicago. 448 pp.

 

Boyd, D.K., and D.H. Pletscher.  1999.  Characteristics of dispersal in a colonizing wolf population in the central Rocky Mountains.  J. Wildl. Mgmt. 3: 1094-1108.

 

Brand, C.J., M.J. Pybus, W.B. Ballard, and R.O. Peterson.  1995.  Infectious and parasitic diseases of the gray wolf and their potential effects on wolf populations in North America.  pp. 419-429 in Carbyn, L.N., S.H. Fritts, and D.R. Seip.  1995.  Ecology and conservation of wolves in a changing world.  Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Occasional Publication No. 35.  Edmonton, Alberta.  642 pp.

 

Browne-Nuñez, C., and J.G. Taylor. 2002. Americans' Attitudes Toward Wolves and Wolf Reintroduction: An Annotated Bibliography: U.S. Geological Survey Information and Technology Report 2002-0002. 14 p.

 

Cahalane, V.H.  1964.  A preliminary study of distribution and numbers of cougar, grizzly and wolf in North America.  New York Zool. Soc. 12 pp.

 

Carbyn, L.N.  1982.  Incidence of disease and its potential role in the population dynamics of wolves in Riding Mountain National Park, Manitoba. Wolves of the World. 106-116.

 

Carbyn, L.N. 1983. Management of non-endangered wolf populations in Canada. Acta. Zool. Fenn. 174:239-243.

 

Chavez, A.S., E.M. Gese, and R.S. Krannich. 2005. Attitudes of rural landowners toward wolves in northwestern Minnesota. Wildlife Society Bulletin 33(2):517-527.

 

Cornicelli, L.  2008.  2007 Minnesota deer harvest report.  Pp. 206-256 in Status of Wildlife Populations Fall 2008.  ed. M.H. Dexter. Unpublished report by Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul, MN.  300 pp.  

 

Coyne, J. A., and H. A. Orr.  2004.  Speciation.  Sinauer, Sunderland, Mass.

 

Crawford, P.C., E.J. Dubovi, W.L. Castleman, I. Stephenson, E.P.J. Gibbs, L. Chen, C. Smith, R.C. Hill, P. Ferro, J. Pompey, R.A. Bright, M. Medina, Influenza Genomics Group, C.M. Johnson, C.W. Olsen, N.J. Cox, A.I. Klimov, J.M. Katz, and R.O. Donis.  2005.  Transmission of equine influenza virus to dogs.  Science 310: 482-485.

 

Creel, S. and J.J. Rotella.  2010.  Meta-analysis of relationships between human offtake, total mortality and population dynamics of gray wolves (Canis lupus).  PLoS ONE 5(9): e12918. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012918. 

 

Cronin M.A. and L.D. Mech. 2009. Problems with the Claim of Ecotype and Taxon Status of the Wolf in the Great Lakes Region. Molecular Ecology18:4991-4993.

 

Drummer, D.D., B. Huntzinger, J.S. Johnson, R.O. Peterson, M.J. Potvin, L.M. Vucetich, and J.A. Vucetich.  2002.  Recovery of the gray wolf (Canis lupus) in Upper Michigan.  1999-2001.  Final Report from MTU: for Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources Grant Amendment Number 149-01 and Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Cooperative Agreement Number 1443 CA 682098001.  158 pp.

 

Erb, J.  2008.  Distribution and abundance of wolves in Minnesota, 2007-2008.  Unpublished report by Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, St. Paul, MN.  11 pp.

 

Erb, J. 2009. Furbearer Winter Track Survey Summary, 2009. Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Grand Rapids, MN. 7 p. 

 

Erb, J. and S. Benson.  2004.  Distribution and abundance of wolves in Minnesota, 2003-04.  Unpublished report by Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Grand Rapids, MN  13 pp.

 

Erb, J. and M. W. DonCarlos. 2009. An overview of the legal history and population status of wolves in Minnesota. pp. 49-64 in A.P. Wydeven, T. R. Van Deelen, and E.J. Heske. Recovery of Gray Wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story.  Springer, New York, NY, USA.

 

Ethier,D., J. Sayers, and S. Windels. 2008. Estimates of abundance and distribution of gray wolves in Voyageurs National Park, 2008, using snow track surveys. Unpublished Report.  14 pp.

 

Fain, S. R., D. J. Straughan, and B. F. Taylor.  2010.  Genetic outcomes of wolf recovery in the western Great Lakes states.  Conservation Genetics, doi:10.1007/s10592-010-0068-x.

 

Fogleman, V.M. 1988. American attitudes towards wolves: A history of misperception. Environmental Ethics 10: 63-94.

 

Forest Stewardship Council – US, Lake States Working Group (FSC).  2005.  Revised Final Regional Forest Stewardship Standard for the Lake States-Central Hardwoods Region (USA) Version LS V3.0 February 10, 2005.  56 pp.

 

Fox, J., R. Peterson, and T. Drummer.  2001.  Gray wolf biology research in Voyageurs National Park , 1998-2001.  Final Report, Natural Resource Preservation Program Project #197.  21 pp.

 

Fritts, S.H.  1983.  Record dispersal by a wolf from Minnesota.  J. Mammal. 64:166-167.

 

Fuller, T.K.  1989.  Population dynamics of wolves in north central Minnesota.  Wildl. Monogr. 105.  41 pp.

 

Fuller, T.K., W.E. Berg, G.L. Radde, M.S. Lenarz, and G.B. Joselyn.  1992.  A history and current estimate of wolf distribution and numbers in Minnesota.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 20:42-54.

 

Fuller, T.K., L.D. Mech, and J.F. Cochrane.  2003.  Wolf population dynamics.  Pp. 161-191 In Wolves:  Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation.  eds. L.D. Mech and L. Boitani.  Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago.  448 pp.

 

Gehring, T.M. and B.A. Potter.  2005.  Wolf habitat analysis in Michigan:  an example of the need for proactive land management for carnivore species.  Wildlife Soc. Bulletin 33(4): 1237-1244.

 

Gogan, P.J.P, W.T. Route, E.M. Olexa, N. Thomas, D. Kuehn.  2004.  Gray wolves in and adjacent to Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota:  research and synthesis 1987-1991.  Technical Report NPS/MWR/RRTR/2004-01.  Available from Technical Information Center, Denver Service Center, National Park Service, P.O. Box 25287, Denver CO 80225-0287.  80 pp.

 

Goldman, E. A. 1944.  Part II. Classification of Wolves.  In S. P. Young and E. A. Goldman.  The Wolves of North America.  The American Wildlife Institute, Washington, DC.Great Lakes Directory.  2003.  First wolf confirmed in Illinois since early 1900s.  Available at: http://www.greatlakesdirectory.org/il/072503_great_lakes.htm.  2 pp.

 

Grewal, S. K., P. J. Wilson, T. K. King, K. Shami, M.T. Theberge, J. Theberge, and B. N. White.  2004.  A genetic assessment of the eastern wolf (Canis lycaon) in Algonquin Provincial Park.  Journal of Mammalogy 85 (4): 625-632.  

 

Hall, E. R. 1981.  The Mammals of North America.  Volume II.  Second Edition.  Wiley, New York.

 

Hall, E. R. and K. R. Kelson.  1959.  The Mammals of North America.  Volume II.  Ronald Press, New York. 536 pp.

 

Hammill, J. 2007. Policy issues regarding wolves in the Great Lakes Region. Transactions of the 72nd North American Wildlife and Natural Resources Conference, pp. 378-390.

 

Harrison, D.J. and T.G. Chapin.  1997.  An assessment of potential habitat for eastern timber wolves in the northeastern United States and connectivity with occupied habitat in southeastern Canada.  Wildl. Cons. Soc., Bronx, NY.  Working Pap. No. 7.  12 pp.

 

Harrison, D.J. and T.G. Chapin.  1998.  Extent and connectivity of habitat for wolves in Eastern North America.  Wildlife Society Bulletin 26(4):767-775.

 

Hearne, D., K. Lewis, M. Martin, E. Mitton, and C. Rocklen.  2003.  Assessing the Landscape: Toward a Viable Gray Wolf Population in Michigan and Wisconsin.  Natural Resources and Environment School of Natural Resources and Management, University of Michigan. 361 pp.

 

Hey, J. 2001. The mind of the species problem. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16:326-329.

 

Hook, R.A. and W.L. Robinson. 1982. Attitudes of Michigan citizens toward predators. In Wolves of the World, eds. R.H. Harrington and P.C. Paquet, pp. 382-394. Park Ridge: Noyes Publications.

 

Huntzinger, B., J.A. Vucetich, T.D. Drummer, and R.O. Peterson.  2005.  Wolf recovery in Michigan, 2005 annual report.  Michigan Technological University, Houghton, MI.  39 pp.

 

International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature.  1999.  International Code for Zoological Nomenclature.  4th edition. London: The International Trust for Zoological Nomenclature.  http://www.iczn.org/iczn/index.jsp

 

Jackson, H.H.T.  1961.  Mammals of Wisconsin.  University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI.  504 pp.

 

Jensen, W.F., T.K. Fuller, and W.L. Robinson. 1986.  Wolf, Canis lupus, distribution on the Ontario-Michigan border near Sault Ste. Marie.  Can. Field-Nat. 100(3):363-366.

 

Johnson, R.T. 1974. On the spoor of the “Big Bad Wolf.” Journal of Environmental Education 6:37-39.

 

Johnson, M.R.  1995.  Rabies in wolves and its potential role in a Yellowstone wolf population.  pp. 431-439 in Carbyn, L.N., S.H. Fritts, and D.R. Seip.  1995.  Ecology and conservation of wolves in a changing world.  Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Occasional Publication No. 35.  Edmonton, Alberta.  642 pp.

 

Kellert, S.R.  1985.  The public and the timber wolf in Minnesota.  Unpubl. Rep. Yale Univ. School For. and Environ. Stud., New Haven, CN  175 pp.

 

Kellert, S.R.  1990.  Public attitudes and beliefs about the wolf and its restoration in Michigan.  HBRS, Inc.  Madison, WI  102 pp.

 

Kellert, S.R.  1999.  The public and the wolf in Minnesota, 1999.  Unpublished report of the International Wolf Center, dated June, 1999.  412 pp.

 

Kellert, S.R., M. Black, G.R. Rush, and A.J. Bath. 1996. Human culture and large carnivore conservation in North America. Conservation Biology 10: 977-990.

 

Knight, J.M.  1985.  Survey of deer hunters attitudes toward wolves in two Wisconsin counties.  Madison:  MS Thesis, University of Wisconsin – Madison.

 

Koblmüller, S., M. Nord, R. K. Wayne, and J. A. Leonard.  2009.  Origin and status of the Great Lakes Wolf.  Molecular Ecology 18:2313-2326..

 

Kohn, B.E., J.L. Frair, D.E. Unger, T.M. Gehring, D.P. Shelley, E.M. Anderson, and P.W. Keenlance.  2000.  Impacts of the US Highway 53 Expansion Project on Wolves in Northwestern Wisconsin – Final Report.  Prepared for Wisconsin Department of Transportation by the Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.  55 pp.

 

Kreeger, T.J.  2003.  The internal wolf:  physiology, pathology, and pharmacology.  Pp. 192-217 In Wolves:  Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation.  eds. L.D. Mech and L. Boitani.  Univ. of Chicago Press, Chicago.  448 pp.

 

Kurtén, B. and E. Anderson.  1980.  Pleistocene Mammals of North America.  1980.  Columbia University Press, New York. 

 

Lehman, N., A. Eisenhawer, K. Hansen, L. D. Mech, R. O. Peterson, P. J. P. Gogan, and R. K. Wayne.  1991.  Introgression of coyote mitochondrial DNA into sympatric North American gray wolf populations.  Evolution 45(1):104-119.

 

Leirfallom, J.  1970.  Wolf management in Minnesota.  Pages 9-15 in S.E. Jorgensen, C.E. Faulkner, and L.D. Mech, eds.  Proc. of a symposium on wolf management in selected areas of North America.  U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv., Twin Cities, MN.  50 pp.

 

Leonard, J. A., and R. K. Wayne.  2008.  Native Great Lakes wolves were not restored.  Biology Letters 4:95-98.

 

Leonard, J. A., and R. K. Wayne.  2009. Wishful thinking: imagining that the current Great Lakes wolf is the same entity that existed historically. Biology Letters, 5, 67–68.

 

Licht, D.S. and S.H. Fritts.  1994.  Gray wolf (Canis lupus) occurrences in the Dakotas.  Am. Midl. Nat. 132:74-81.

 

Linnell, J.D.C., H. Broseth, E.J. Solberg, and S.M. Brainerd.  2005.  The origins of the southern Scandinavian wolf Canis lupus population:  potential for natural immigration in relation to dispersal distances, geography and Baltic ice.  Wildlife Biology 11:383-391.

 

Llewellyn, L. 1978. Who speaks for the timber wolf? Transactions of the North American Wildlife and Natural Resource Conference 43: 442-452.

 

Manfredo, M.J., T.L. Teel, and A.D. Bright. 2003. Why are public values toward wildlife changing? Human Dimensions of Wildlife 8:287-306.

 

Manitoba Conservation.  Undated.  Gray (timber) wolf.  Wildlife and Ecosystem Protection Fact sheet.  2 pp.  Available at:  http://www.gov.mb.ca/conservation/wildlife/mamaging/fs_gray_wolf.html  Accessed 02/09/06.

 

Manitoba Conservation.  2011a.  Manitoba  Hunting Guide – Big Game Hunting – Gray Wolf and Coyote.  Wildlife and Ecosystem Protection Branch.  Available at http://www.manitoba.ca/conservation/wildlife/hunting/biggame/grwolf_coy/seasons.html  Accessed 12/8/2011.

 

Manitoba Conservation.  2011b.  Manitoba 2011/2012 Trapping Guide.  Wildlife and Ecosystem Protection Branch.  Available at http://www.manitoba.ca/conservation/wildlife/trapping/index.html.  Accessed 12/8/2011.

 

Mayden, R. L. 1997. A hierarchy of species concepts: The denouement in the saga of the species problem, in Claridge, MF, H.A. Dawah, and M.R. Wilson. Species: The units of biodiversity. London: Chapman and Hall. pp. 381–4.

 

Mayr, E. 1942. Systematics and the origin of species.  New York: Columbia University Press.

 

Mayr, E.  1963.  Animal species and evolution.  Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

 

Mayr, E. 1969.  Principles of Systematic Zoology.  McGraw-Hill, New York.

 

Mech, L.D. 1974. Current techniques in the study of elusive wilderness carnivores. Proceedings of the Eleventh International Congress of Game Biologists. 315-322.

 

Mech, L.D.  1989.  Wolf population survival in an area of high road density.  Am. Midl. Nat. 121:387-389.

 

Mech, L.D.  1994.  Buffer zones of territories of gray wolves as regions of intraspecific strife. J. Mammalogy 75(1):199-202.  Mech, L.D.  1995a.  The challenge and opportunity of recovery wolf populations.  Conserv. Biol. 9(2):270-278.

 

Mech, L.D.  1995b.  What do we know about wolves and what more do we need to learn. pp. 537-545 in Carbyn, L.N., S.H. Fritts, and D.R. Seip.  1995.  Ecology and conservation of wolves in a changing world.  Canadian Circumpolar Institute, Occasional Publication No. 35.  Edmonton, Alberta.  642 pp.

 

Mech, L.D.  2006a.  Prediction failure of a wolf landscape model.  Wildlife Soc. Bull 34(3): 874-877.

 

Mech, L.D.  2006b.  Mladenoff et al. rebut lacks supportive data.  Wildlife Soc. Bull 34(3): 882-883.

 

Mech, L. D.  2009.  Crying wolf: concluding that wolves were not restored.  Biology Letters 5:65-66.

 

Mech, L. D.  2010.   What is the taxonomic identity of Minnesota wolves?  Can. J. Zool. 88:129-138.

 

Mech, L. D.  2011.  Minnesota Wolf Ear Lengths as Possible Indicators of Taxonomic differences.  Northeastern Naturalist 18:265-274.

 

Mech, L.D. and L. D. Frenzel Jr. 1971. Ecological studies of the timber wolf in northeastern Minnesota. U.S. Forest Service Research Paper NC-52.

 

Mech, L.D. and S.H. Fritts.  1987.  Parvovirus and heartworm found in Minnesota wolves.  Endang. Spec. Tech. Bull. 12:5-6.

 

Mech, L.D., S.H. Fritts, D.L. Radde, and W.J. Paul.  1988.  Wolf distribution and road density in Minnesota.  Wildl. Soc. Bull. 16:85-87.

 

Mech, L. D., S. H. Fritts, and D. Wagner. 1995. Minnesota wolf dispersal to Wisconsin and Michigan. American Midland Naturalist 133:368-370.

 

Mech, L.D. and S.M. Goyal.  1993.  Canine parvovirus effect on wolf population change and pup survival.  J. Wildl. Dis. 29:330-333.

 

Mech, L.D. and S.M. Goyal.  1995.  Effect of canine parvovirus on gray wolves in Minnesota.  J. Wildl. Manage. 59:565-570.

 

Mech, L.D. and S.M. Goyal.  2011.  Parsing demographic effect of canine parvovirus on a Minnesota wolf population.  Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health Vol. 3(2):27-30.

 

Mech, L.D., S.M. Goyal, C.N. Bota, and U.S. Seal.  1986.  Canine parvovirus infection in wolves (Canis lupus) from Minnesota.  J. Wildl. Dis. 22:104-106.

 

Mech, L.D., S.M. Goyal, W.J. Paul, and W.E. Newton.  2008.  Demographic effects of canine parvovirus on a free-ranging wolf population over 30 years.  J. Wildl. Dis. 44:824-836.  

 

Mech, L.D. and H.J. Kurtz.  1999.  First record of coccidiosis in wolves, Canis lupus.  Can. Field-Nat. 113:305-306.

 

Mech, L.D. and M.E. Nelson.  1989.  Evidence of prey-caused mortality in three wolves.  Am. Midl. Nat. 123:207-208.

 

Mech, L. D., R. M. Nowak and S. Weisberg.  In press.  Use of Cranial Characters in Minnesota Wolf Taxonomy.  Canadian Journal of Zoology.

 

Mech, L. D., and W. J. Paul.  2008.  Wolf body mass cline across Minnesota related to taxonomy?  Canadian Journal of Zoology 86:933-936.

 

Mech, L.D. and R.A. Rausch.  1975.  The status of the wolf in the United States, 1973.  Pages 83-88 in D.H. Pimlott, ed.  Wolves.  Inter. Union. Conserv. Nature. and Nat. Resour. Publ, New Ser., Suppl. Pap. No. 43.  Morges, Switzerland.

 

Mech, L.D., R.P. Thiel, S.H Fritts, and W.E. Berg.  1985.  Presence and effects of the dog louse Trichodectes canis (Mallophaga, Trichodectidae) on wolves and coyotes from Minnesota and Wisconsin.  American Midland Naturalist 114:404-405.

 

Merrill, S.B. and L.D. Mech.  2000.  Details of Extensive Movements by Minnesota Wolves. Am. Midl. Nat. 144:428-433.
Mertig, A.G.  2004.  Attitudes about wolves in Michigan, 2002.  Report to the Michigan Dept. of Natural Resources Wildlife Division.  108 pp.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  1997.  Michigan gray wolf recovery and management plan.  Lansing, MI  58 pp.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  1999.  Wisconsin man sentenced for shooting U.P. wolf.  News release, dated July 20, 1999.  1 p.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2005a.  Michigan Department of Natural Resources Wildlife Division Procedure – Guidelines for management and lethal control of wolves following confirmed depredation events.  Version 1.04, 9/02/2005.  10 pp., including 2 appendices.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2005b.  Application for a new federal recovery permit.  With cover letter from Mindy Koch, dated September 2, 2005.  11pp. plus letter.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2005c.  Operational management guidance for state-owned forest lands.  Michigan Department of Natural Resources Forest, Mineral, and Fire Management, Lansing, MI.  62 pp.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2006a.  Winter survey results show increase in wolf population.  Press release dated July 5, 2006.  1 p.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2008a.  Michigan wolf management plan.  Lansing, MI.  95 pp.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2008b. 2008 Michigan Deer Hunting Prospects, Statewide Forecast.  Available from Michigan DNR, Lansing Michigan.  10 pp.   

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2010.  Wolf pup captured and released in the northern lower peninsula.  http://www.michigan.gov/dnr/0,1607, 7-153-10371_10402-241284--,00.html.  Accessed on 11/28/2010.

 

Michigan Wolf Management Roundtable.  2006.  Recommended guiding principles for wolf management in Michigan.  Report to the Director of the Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  November 2006.  18 pp.

 

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.  1998.  1998 wolf public information meetings public comment summaries.  Unpublished report dated March 5, 1998.  St. Paul, MN  25 pp.

 

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.  2000.  Directions 2000: The strategic plan.  MN DNR.  St. Paul, MN.  45 p.

 

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.  2001.  Minnesota wolf management plan.  Prepared by the Section of Wildlife, dated February 2001.  36 pp. plus 9 appendices.

 

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. 2009. 2009 Minnesota deer harvest report, St. Paul, MN. 41 p.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., M.K. Clayton, T.A. Sickley, and A.P. Wydeven.  2006.  L.D. Mech critique of our work lacks scientific validity.  Wildlife Soc. Bull. 34: 878-881.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., R.G. Haight, T.A. Sickley, and A.P. Wydeven.  1997.  Causes and implications of species restoration in altered ecosystems.  Bioscience 47(1): 21-31.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., and T.A. Sickley.  1998.  Assessing potential gray wolf restoration in the Northeastern United States:  a spatial prediction of favorable habitat and population level.  J. Wildl. Mgmt. 62:1-10.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., T.A. Sickley, R.G. Haight, and A.P. Wydeven.  1995.  A regional landscape analysis and prediction of favorable gray wolf habitat in the Northern Great Lakes region.  Conserv. Biology 9:279-294.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., T.A. Sickley, and A.P. Wydeven.  1999.  Predicting gray wolf landscape recolonization:  logistic regression models vs. new field data.  Ecological Applications 9(1):37-44.

 

Mladenoff, D.J., M.K. Clayton, S.D. Pratt, T.A. Sickley, and A.P. Wydeven.  2009.  Change in occupied wolf habitat in the northern Great Lakes region.  Pp. 119-138 in A.P. Wydeven, T. R. Van Deelen, and E.J. Heske, eds. Recovery of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story. Springer, New York, NY, USA. 350 pp. 

 

Naughton-Treves, L., R. Grossberg, and A. Treves.  2003.  Paying for tolerance:  Rural citizens’ attitudes toward wolf depredation and compensation.  Cons. Biol. 17: 1500-1511.

 

Nelson, E. and D. Franson. 1988. Timber wolf recovery in Wisconsin: The attitudes of Northern Wisconsin farmers and landowners. Research management findings 13, Madison: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

 

Nowak, R. M.  1995.  Another look at wolf taxonomy.  Pp. 375-397 in L. N. Carbyn, S. H. Fritts, and D. R. Seip (eds.), Proceedings of the Second North American Symposium on Wolves, Canadian Circumpolar Institute, University of Alberta, Edmonton.

 

Nowak, R. M.  2002.  The original status of wolves in eastern North America.  Southeastern Naturalist.  1:95-130.

 

Nowak, R. M. 2003.  Wolf evolution and taxonomy.  Pp. 239-258 in L. D. Mech and L. Boitani (eds.), Wolves, Behavior, Ecology, and Conservation.  University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

 

Nowak, R. M.  2009.  Chapter 15, Taxonomy, Morphology, and Genetics of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region. Pp. 233-250 in A. P. Wydeven, T. R. Van Deelen, & E. Heske (eds.), Recovery of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region.  Springer, New York.

 

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.  2005a.  Backgrounder on wolf conservation in Ontario.  52 pp.

 

Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources.  2005b.  Notice of Decision for Regulation.  http://www.ene.gov.on.ca/envretistry/023668er.html.  Accessed 02/09/06.

 

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Wydeven, A.P.  1998.  Wisconsin Endangered Resources Report.  Status of the timber wolf in Wisconsin, performance report, July 1, 1997 through 30 June 1998.  Bur. Endangered Res., Wisconsin Dept. Natural Resources.  20 pp.

 

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Wydeven, A.P and R.L. Jurewicz.  2005.  Justification for lethal control authority for recovery activity under section 10(a)(1)(A)of the Endangered Species Act on gray wolves in Wisconsin.  Wisconsin Dept. of Natural Resources.  18 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P, D.J. Mladenoff, T.A. Sickley, and R.G. Haight.  1999.  GIS evaluation of wolf habitat and potential populations in the Great Lakes States.  Appendix C, pp. 46-49, in Wisconsin Wolf Management Plan, October 27, 1999.  Wisconsin Dept. of Nat. Resources, Madison, WI.  74 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P, D.J. Mladenoff, T.A. Sickley, B.E. Kohn, R.P. Thiel, and J.L. Hansen.  2001a.  Road density as a factor in habitat selection by wolves and other carnivores in the Great Lakes Region. Endangered Species UPDATE. 18:110-114.

 

Wydeven, A.P. and C.M. Pils.  2008.  Changes in mammalian conrnivore populations.  Pp. 257-272 in D.M. Waller and T.P. Rooney, editors.  The Vanishing Present: Wisconsin’s Changing Lands, Water, and Wildlife.  University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL.  507pp.

 

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Wydeven, A.P., A. Treves, B. Brost, and J.E. Wiedenhoeft, 2004. Characteristics of wolf packs in Wisconsin: identification of traits influencing depredation. pp. 28-50 in N. Fascione, A. Delach, and M.E. Smith. People and Predators: From Conflict to Coexistence. Defenders of Wildlife, Island Press, Washington, D.C. USA.

 

Wydeven, A.P., and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  1999.  Progress Report of Wolf Population Monitoring in Wisconsin for the Period October-December 1998. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Park Falls, Wisconsin. 8 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P, and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  2000.  Gray wolf population 1999-2000.  Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Park Falls, Wisconsin.  9 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P, and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  2001.  Progress Report of Wolf Population Monitoring in Wisconsin for the Period October-December 2000.  Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Park Falls, Wisconsin.  9 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P, and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  2002.  Progress Report of Wolf Population Monitoring in Wisconsin for the Period October-December 2001.  Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Park Falls, Wisconsin.  9 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P, and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  2003a.  Progress Report of Wolf Population Monitoring in Wisconsin for the Period October-December 2002 and Summaries of 2002.  Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Park Falls, Wisconsin.  14 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P, and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  2003b.  Status of the Timber Wolf in Wisconsin Performance Report 1 July 2002 through 30 June 2003.  Bureau of Endangered Resources: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.  30 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P, and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  2004a.  Progress Report of Wolf Population Monitoring in Wisconsin for the Period October-December 2003.  Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Park Falls, Wisconsin.  16pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P, and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  2004b.  Status of the Timber Wolf in Wisconsin Performance Report 1 July 2003 through 30 June 2004.  Bureau of Endangered Resources: Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.  33 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  2005.  Status of the Timber Wolf in Wisconsin Performance Report 1 July 2004 through 30 June 2005.  WI DNR, Park Falls, Wisconsin.  33 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  2006.  Status of the Timber Wolf in Wisconsin Performance Report 1 July 2005 through 30 June 2006.  WI DNR, Park Falls, Wisconsin.  38 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P. and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  2008.  Wisconsin gray wolf post-delisting monitoring, Year 1 of post-desliting, period 12 March 2007 through 30 June 2008.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Madison, WI.  40 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P. and J.E. Wiedenhoeft.  2009.  Gray Wolf Population 2008-2009.  WI DNR, Park Falls, Wisconsin.  20 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.P. Thiel, R.N. Schultz, E. Heilhecker, and S. Rossler.  2007a.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period April - September 2006.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  48pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.P. Thiel, R.N. Schultz, and S.R. Boles.  2007b.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period October 2006 - March 2007.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  30pp. Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, S.R. Boles, W.H. Hall, Jr E., and Heilhecker.  2003.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring for the period October 2002 – March 2003.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  48 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, S.R. Boles, and E. Heilhecker.  2006.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring for the period October 2005 – March 2006.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  39 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, W.H. Hall, E. Heilhecker, and J.E. Hawley.  2004.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period April - September 2003.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  31 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, W.H. Hall, E. Heilhecker, and J.E. Hawley.  2005b.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period April - September 2004 & annual summaries for 2004.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  28 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.P. Thiel, R.N. Schultz, B.E. Kohn, and S.R. Boles.  2001b.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period October 2000 - March 2001.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  36pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, and S. Rossler.  2006b.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period April - September 2005 & annual summaries for 2005.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  30 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, and R.P. Thiel.  2009a.  Progress report of wolf population monitoring in Wisconsin for the period April - September 2008, and annual summaries for 2008.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  35 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, R. L. Jurewicz, B.E. Kohn, and T. R. Van Deelen. 2009b. History, population growth, and management of wolves in Wisconsin. Pp. 87-105 in A.P. Wydeven, T. R. Van Deelen, and E.J. Heske, eds. Recovery of Wolves in the Great Lakes Region of the United States: An Endangered Species Success Story. Springer, New York, NY, USA. 350 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., J.E. Wiedenhoeft, R.N. Schultz, R.P. Thiel, and S. Boles.  2010.  Status of the timber wolf in Wisconsin, performance report 1 July 2009 through 30 June 2010.  Unpublished report by WI DNR, Park Falls, WI.  67 pp.

 

Wydeven, A.P., J. E. Wiedenhoeft, J. Bruner, R.P. Thiel, R. N. Schultz, and S R. Boles. 2011. Wolf Population Monitoring in Wisconsin in 2010, Year end summary. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources, Park Falls, WI 15 pp. (unpublished report).

 

Unpublished Documents, Noted as "in litt." and "pers. comm." in Final Rule

Anschutz, Steve.  2003.  E-mail from Anschutz, USFWS Nebraska Field Office Supervisor to Laura Ragan, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 04/01/03.  Subject:  gray wolf shot.  1 p.

 

Anschutz, Steve.  2006.   E-mail from Anschutz, USFWS Nebraska Field Office Supervisor to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 10/30/06.  Subject:  Nebraska wolf from 1995? 

 

Beheler, Kerry.  undated.  Memo from Beheler, WI DNR Wildlife Health Specialist, to Dean Beyer, MI DNR Wildlife Research Biologist.  Subject:  Michigan Gray Wolf Health Sample Analysis 1992-1999.  3 pp.

 

Beheler, Kerry.  2004.  Memo from Beheler, WI DNR Wildlife Health Specialist, to Dean Beyer, MI DNR Wildlife Research Biologist.  Subject:  Michigan Gray Wolf Serologic Analysis:  2001 Captured Animals. Memo dated 04/14/04.  2 pp.

 

Berg, Bill.  1998.  E-mail from Berg, MN DNR Wildlife Research to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/12/98.  Subject:  wolf mortality data - reply.  1 p.

 

Berkley, E.  2009.  Telephone conversation between Berkley, Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge, and Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cites, MN, ES Field Office, on 07/14/09.

 

Beyer, Dean.  2005.  Unpublished 1999-2004 wolf mortality data from Michigan DNR. 

 

Beyer, Dean.  2006a.  E-mail from Beyer, MI DNR Wildlife Research, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 02/02/06.  Subject:  CPV data for MI wolves?  1 p. plus 2- and 3-page attached reports by Kerry Beheler, WI DNR Wildlife Health Specialist.

 

Beyer, Dean.  2006b.  E-mail from Beyer, MI DNR Wildlife Research, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 08/10/06.  Subject:  Potential for "MN-style" wolf monitoring in WI and MI?  2 pp. with 6-page attachment by Drummer.

 

Bicknell, William.  2009.  Email from Bicknell, USFWS Bismarck, ND, ES Field Office, to Laura Ragan, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 07/10/09.  Subject:  [Wolf status/protection in ND].  1 p.

 

Brininger, W.  2009.  Telephone conversation between Brininger, Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge, and Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cites, MN, ES Field Office, on 07/14/09.

 

Caldwell, Carolyn.  2005.  E-mail from Caldwell, Program Administrator, OH DNR, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 10/14/05.  Subject:  Request for State Wolf Regulations, summary of wolf reports.  2 pp.
Carbyn, Ludwig.  Canadian Wildlife Service, in litt. 2000.

 

Center for Biological Diversity.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 7/5/2011.

 

Collins, Roger.  1998.  Memo from Roger Collins, Supervisor, USFWS ND ES Field Office, to ARD-Ecological Services, Ft. Snelling, MN (Attn:  R. Refsnider).  Subject:  Wolf Information Request.  2 pp. with attached 2 pp. of maps.

 

Defenders of Wildlife.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 9/26/2011.

 

DelGiudice, Glen.  2005.  E-mail from DelGuidice, MN DNR Wildlife Research, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/22/05.  Subject:  Wolf mortality data in MN.  With unpublished data from Forest Wildlife Research Group, Minnesota DNR, Grand Rapids, MN  4 pp.

 

Delphey, P.  2009.  Email from Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, to Laura Ragan, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 08/12/09.  Subject:  SNF sq. km.  2 pp.

 

Dirks, Brian.  2009.  Telephone conversation between Dirks, MN DNR, Camp Ripley, and Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, on 07/14/09.  Subject:  Numbers and management of wolves at Camp Ripley, MN.

 

Donofrio, Mike.  1998.  Telephone conversation between Donofrio, Natural Resources Director, Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, and Mike DeCapita, USFWS East Lansing, MI, ES Field Office, on 11/04/98.  Subject:  Keweenaw Bay

Indian Community contact.

 

Donofrio, Mike.  2003.  Letter from Donofrio, Natural Resources Director, Keweenaw Bay Indian Community, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 08/12/03.  Regarding Keweenaw Bay Indian Community position on wolf delisting.  2 pp.

 

Edwards, Andrew J.  2003.  Letter from Edwards, Biological Services Director, 1854 Authority Biological Services, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 08/07/03.  Regarding 1854 Authority position on DPS wolf delisting.  3 pp.

 

Eklund, D.A. 2009.  E-mail from Eklund, U.S. Forest Service, Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest, to Joel Trick, USFWS Green Bay, WI, ES Field Office, dated 08/07/2009.  Subject: Current Wolf Numbers.  1 p.

 

Eklund, D.A. 2011.  Public comments prepared by Eklund, U.S. Forest Service, Chequamegon-Nicolet National Forest, regarding the Service’s proposal to revise the List of Endnagered and Threatened Wildlife for the gray wolf in the western Great Lakes.  4 pp.

 

Erb, John.  2005.  E-mail from Erb, MN DNR Wildlife Research to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN¸ dated 12/14/05.  Subject:  Wolves in Zones A and B?  1 p.

 

Evans, Robert A.  2005.  E-mail from Evans, Wildlife Biologist, Ottawa National Forest, to Christie Deloria, USFWS Marquette, MI, ES Suboffice, dated 11/21/05.  Subject:  Ottawa NF Response:  Information Request – Wolves on Federal Lands in U.P.  3 pp.

 

Fain, Steven.  2006.  E-mail from Fain, Supervisory Forensic Geneticist, USFWS Ashland, OR, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 10/16/06.  Subject:  EDPS Dispersers.  1 p. with 3-page attachment with unpublished data.

 

Googgleye, George. Jr.  2004.  Letter from Googgleye, Leech Lake Band Tribal Council Chairman, to Gray Wolf Delisting Content Analysis Team, dated 08/27/04.  Regarding Leech Lake Tribal Council position on wolf harvest.  3 pp.
Gustin, Karen.  2003.  Letter from Gustin, Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Superintendent, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 08/11/03.  Regarding future management of wolves at Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore.  2 pp.

 

Hammill, Jim.  1999.  E-mail from Hammill, MI DNR, Crystal Falls, MI, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 07/30/99.  Subject:  Wolf killings in MI.  1 p.

 

Hammill, Jim.  2002.  Faxes from Hammill, MI DNR, Crystal Falls, MI.  Series of 4 faxes to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 03/08/02, 03/12/02, 03/15/02, and 03/22/02.  Michigan wolf mortality and depredation data.  10 pp.

 

Hart, John.  2009.  Telephone conversation between Hart, USDA – Wildlife Services, Grand Rapids, MN and Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, dated 07/30/2009.  

 

Hassett, Scott.  2003.  Letter from Hassett, Secretary, WI DNR, to Charles Wooley, Asst. Regional Director, FWS, dated 12/22/03.  Responses to FWS questions.  1 page with 10-page attachment.

 

Holbeck, Chris.  2005.  E-mail from Holbeck, Chief of Resources Management, Voyageurs National Park, to Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, dated 11/29/05.  Subject:  Wolf Data Request.  2 pp.

 

Holtz, Signe.  2006.  E-mail from Holtz, Director Wisconsin DNR Endangered Resources Program, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/08/2006.  Subject:  Copy of DRAFT wolf addendum.  1 p. with 59-page attachment "Wisconsin Wolf Management Plan Addendum 2006.

 

Howell, Daryl.  2005.  E-mail from Howell, Iowa DNR, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/04/05.  Subject:  Request for State Wolf Regulations, summary of wolf reports.  1 p. with 3 attachments.

 

Humane Society of the United States.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 7/5/2011.

 

Humphries, Rebecca A.  2004.  Letter from Humphries, Director, Michigan DNR, to Robyn Thorson, USFWS Regional Director, dated May 27, 2004.  Regarding MI DNR's future intentions for future wolf management. 1 p.

 

Hunt, Eli.  1998.  Letter from Hunt, Chairman, Leech Lake Tribal Council, to Marvin Moriarty, Acting USFWS Regional Director, dated 09/24/98.  Regarding Reservation plans for wolves after federal delisting.  4 pp.

 

Huschle, Gary.  2005.  E-mail from Huschle, Wildlife Biologist, Agassiz NWR, to Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, dated 11/23/03.  Subject:  Wolf Information Request – Reply Requested by November 30.  2 pp.
Jobman, Wally.  1995.  Inter-Office Transmittal from Jobman, USFWS Grand Island, Nebraska, Field Office, to Helena, MT, USFWS Wolf Coordinator, dated 01/10/95.  1 p.

 

Johnson, Scott.  2005.  E-mail from Johnson, Indiana DNR,  to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/01/05.  Subject:  Request for State Wolf Regulations, summary of wolf reports.  1 p.

 

Johnson, Scott.  2006.  E-mail from Johnson, Indiana DNR to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 01/26/06.  Subject:  Wolf protection in IN?  2 pp.

 

King, George.  2003.  Letter from King, Chairman, Red Lake Band of Chippewa Indians, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 07/28/03.  Regarding information on wolves on Red Lake lands.  3 pp.

 

Kiogama, Archie L., Jr. and Gerald V. Chingwa.  2000.  Letter from Kiogama, Tribal Wildlife Biologist and Chingwa, Chairman, Little Traverse Bay Bands of Odawa Indians.  Undated.  Comment letter on the Proposal to Reclassify/Delist the Gray Wolf.  2 pp.

 

Knutsen, Gregg.  2009.  Email from Knutsen, Wildlife Biologist, Agassiz NWR, to Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, dated 07/14/2009.  Subject: Wolf Information.  2 pp.

 

Larson, Scott.  2005.  E-mail from Larson, USFWS Pierre, SD, ES Field Office, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/09/05.  Subject:  Legal status of wolves in SD?  2 pp.

 

Larson, Scott.  2006.  E-mail from Art Smith to Scott Larson, USFWS Pierre, SD, ES Field Office, then to numerous FWS employees, dated 7/13/06.  Subject:  Possible wolf.  2 pp.

 

Lederle, Pat.  2006.  E-mail from Lederle, MI DNR Wildlife Research Section Supervisor, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 09/05/06.  Subject:  Support for the sampling protocols.  1 p.

 

Lindquist, Ed.  2005.  E-mail from Lindquist, Wildlife Biologist, Superior National Forest, to Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, dated 11/18/05.  Subject:  Wolf Data Request.  3 pp.

 

Maercklein, Robin.  2003.  Letter from Maercklein, Resource Management Specialist, St. Croix National Scenic Riverway, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 09/02/03.  Regarding future wolf management in St. Croix National Scenic Riverway.  2 pp.

 

McDowell, Michelle.  2005.  E-mail from McDowell, Wildlife Biologist, Rice Lake NWR, to Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, dated 11/17/05.  Subject:  Wolf Information Request – Reply Requested by November 30.  3 pp.

 

McDowell, M.  2009.  Telephone conversation between McDowell, Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge, and Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cites, MN, ES Field Office, on 07/23/09.

 

Mech, L. David. 1998.  E-mail from Mech, USGS/BRD, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 09/21/98.  Subject:  Disease/parasite impacts on MN wolf population.  4 pp.

 

Mech, L. David.  in litt.  2000.

 

Mech, L. David.  2005.  E-mail from Mech, USGS/BRD, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 10/11/05.  Subject:  Wolf dispersal.  1 p. with 1-page attachment.

 

Mech, L. David.  2006.  E-mail from Mech, USGS/BRD, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/14/06.  Subject:  Wilson ms. [but subject matter deals with unpublished data from Mech, Goyal, and Paul regarding CPV impacting pup survival]  2 pp.

 

Mech, L. David.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 6/28/2011.

 

Michigan Environmental Council.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 9/23/2011.

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 6/29/2011.

 

Minnesota Department of Natural Resources.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 9/27/2011.

 

Moore, Randy.  2003.  Letter from Moore, Regional Forester, U.S. Forest Service, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 08/21/03.  Regarding impacts of wolf delisting on national forests in EDPS.  4 pp.
Mortensen, Steve.  2006.  Phone conversation between Mortensen, Leech Lake Wildlife Biologist, and Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, on 02/22/06, regarding wolf numbers on Leech Lake Reservation.

 

Mortensen, Steve.  2009.  Phone conversation between Mortensen, Leech Lake Wildlife Biologist, and Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, on 07/15/09, regarding wolf numbers on Leech Lake Reservation.

 

Mortensen, Steve.  2011.  Phone conversation between Mortensen, Leech Lake Wildlife Biologist, and Tim Patronski, USFWS Fort Snelling, MN, on 02/09/11, regarding wolf numbers on Leech Lake Reservation.

 

Myers, Sonny.  2004.  Letter from Myers, Executive Director, 1854 Authority, to Gray Wolf Delist Content Analysis Team, dated 11/04/04.  2 pp.

 

National Wildlife Federation.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 7/5/2011.

 

Natural Resource Defense Council.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 7/05/2011. 
Paul, William.  2005.  Fax from Paul, USDA-APHIS-Wildlife Services, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/23/05.  Subject:  Disease data for your wolves?  5 pp.

 

Paul, William.  2006.  Letter from Paul, USDA-APHIS-Wildlife Services, to USFWS, dated 06/16/06.  Peer Review Comments on USFWS Proposal to Delist WGL DPS of the Gray Wolf.  RIN 1018-AU54.  7 pp.

 

Peterson, Rolf.  1997.  Letter from Peterson, Leader Eastern Timber Wolf Recovery Team, to USFWS Regional Director William Hartwig, dated 06/02/97.  Regarding reclassification of Western Great Lakes DPS.  2 pp.

 

Peterson, R.  1998.  Letter from Peterson, Leader Eastern Timber Wolf Recovery Team, to USFWS Regional Director William Hartwig, dated 01/10/98, regarding review of recovery criteria and 7 questions asked by FWS.  8 pp.

 

Peterson, R.  1999a.  Letter from Peterson, Leader Eastern Timber Wolf Recovery Team, to USFWS Regional Director William Hartwig, dated 01/11/99, regarding review of state wolf recovery plans and Minnesota Roundtable recommendations.  4 pp.

 

Peterson, R.  1999b.  Letter from Peterson, Leader Eastern Timber Wolf Recovery Team, to USFWS Regional Director William Hartwig, dated 07/15/99, regarding Minnesota DNR wolf estimate and failure of MN Legislature to act on DNR wolf management plan.  2 pp.

 

Peterson, R.   2001.  Letter from Peterson, Leader Eastern Timber Wolf Recovery Team, to USFWS Regional Director William Hartwig, dated 05/22/01.  Regarding Recovery Team's Review of Minnesota Wolf Management Plan.  2 pp.

 

Piehler, Kirk G.  2005.  E-mail from Piehler, Hiawatha National Forest Wildlife Biologist, to Christie Deloria, USWFS Marquette, MN, ES Suboffice, dated 11/23/05.  Subject:  Hiawatha NF Response -- Information Request – Wolves on Federal Lands in U.P.  3 pp.

 

Roell, Brian.  2004.  E-mail from Roell, MI DNR Wildlife Biologist, to Mike DeCapita, USFWS East Lansing, MI, ES Office, then to Deloria, USFWS Marquette, MN, ES Suboffice,  and Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 06/22/04.  Subject:  Dead Wolf – incidental take.  1 p. with 1 p. attachment.

 

Roell, Brian.  2005a.  E-mail from Roell, MI DNR Wildlife Biologist, to Mike DeCapita, USWFW East Lansing, MN, ES Field Office, then to Refsnider, Fasbender, and Szymanski, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 07/19/05.  Subject:  Dead wolves.  1 p. with 1 p. attachment. [3 other attachments irrelevant]

 

Roell. Brian.  2005b.  E-mail from Roell, MI DNR Wildlife Biologist, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/28/05.  Subject:  Wolf diseases in MI.  2 pp.

 

Roell, Brian.  2006.  E-mail from Roell, MI DNR Wildlife Biologist, dated 08/09/06 to Mike DeCapita, USFWS East Lansing, MI, ES Field Office, Peter Fasbender, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, and Todd Hogrefe, MI DNR, Lansing, MI.   Subject:  Re:  Dead Wolf.  4 pp.

 

Safari Club International.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 9/26//2011.

 

Schlender, James H.  1998.  Letter from Schlender, Executive Administrator, Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, to Marvin Moriarty, Acting USFWS Regional Director, dated 11/09/98.  Regarding GLIFWC position on management of ceded territory wolves after federal delisting.  2 pp.

 

Schlender, James H.  2004.    Letter from Schlender, Executive Administrator, Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, to Gray Wolf Delisting Content Analysis Team, dated 11/16/04.  GLIFWC comments on wolf delisting proposal.  3 pp.

 

Schrage, Mike.  1998a.  Letter from Schrage, Fond du Lac Resource Management Division Wildlife Biologist, to Marvin Moriarty, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 10/06/98.  Conveying input on tribal wolf management and delisting.  2 pp.

 

Schrage, Mike.  1998b.  Letter from Schrage, Fond du Lac Resource Management Division Wildlife Biologist, to Marvin Moriarty, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/10/98.  Conveying resolution from Business Committee regarding wolf delisting.  3 pp.

 

Schrage, Mike.  2003.  Letter from Schrage, Fond du Lac Resource Management Division Wildlife Biologist, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 08/07/03.  Regarding position of Fond du Lac Tribe on wolf delisting.  4 pp.

 

Schrage, Mike.  2009.  Telephone conversation between Schrage, Fond du Lac Resource Management Division Wildlife Biologist, and Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cites, MN, ES Field Office, on 07/16/09.

 

Sickley, Theodore A.  2006.  E-mail from Sickley, Univ. WI-Madison, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 10/31/06.  Subject:  Table [providing unpublished data to update Table C2 of WI Wolf Management Plan].  6 pp.

 

Sierra Club.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 6/27/2011.

 

Society for Conservation Biology.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 7/5/2011.

 

Stark, Dan.  2009a.  Telephone conversation between Stark, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, and Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cites, MN, ES Field Office, on 07/23/09.

 

Stark, Dan.  2009b.   Email from Stark, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, to Laura Ragan, USFWS Fort Snelling, MN,  dated 08/20/09. 1 p.

 

Stefanski, Mary.  2004.  E-mail from Stefanski, Wildlife Biologist, Rice Lake NWR, to Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, dated 03/18/04.  Subject:  Gray Wolf Information Request for Proposed Delisting Rule.  1 p.

 

Symbal, Matt.  2003.  E-mail from Symbal, Red Cliff Natural Resources Department Fish and Wildlife Biologist, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 09/05/03.  Subject:  Wolf Comments.  1 p. plus 2- page attachment.

 

Thomas,  Nancy.  1998.  Letter from Thomas, Endangered Species Disease Specialist, USGS National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, WI, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/06/98.  Necropsy and parasite data on Great lakes wolves.  3 pp. plus 2 single-page data tables.

 

Thomas, Nancy.  2000.  Letter from Thomas, Endangered Species Disease Specialist, USGS National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, WI, to T.J. Miller, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/09/00.  Peer reviewer comments on Gray Wolf Reclassification and Delisting Proposal of 07/13/00.  2 pp.

 

Thomas, Nancy.  2006.  Letter from Thomas, Endangered Species Disease Specialist, USGS National Wildlife Health Center, Madison, WI, to WGL Wolf Delisting Comment Analysis Team, dated 06/16/06.  Peer Reviewer comments on Proposed Rule to Delist Western Great Lakes Population of Gray Wolves.  3 pp. plus 80-page attachment [Gogan et al. 2004, listed separately above]).

 

Warner, T.  2011.  Email noting telephone conversation between Warner, Keweenaw Bay Indian Community and T. Patronski, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 03/01/2011.  

 

West, Barbara.  2004.  Letter from West, Superintendent, Voyageurs National Park, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 03/24/04.  Regarding future of wolves in Voyageurs National Park.  3 pp.

 

Wheeldon, T., B. Patterson, L. Rutledge, B. Wayne, J. Pollinger, B.  vonHoldt, J. Leonard, and R. Kays.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 9/23/2011.

 

White, Peter.  2003.  Letter from White, Chairman, Leech Lake Tribal Council, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 8/08/03.  Regarding status of wolves on Leech Lake Reservation.  3 pp.

 

Wilder, T.  2009.  Email from Wilder Ft. McCoy to Joel Trick, USFWS Green Bay, WI, ES Field Office, dated 08/07/09.  Subject: Current wolf numbers (on Ft. McCoy).  2 pp.

 

Williamson, Alan.  2005.  E-mail from Williamson, Forest Ecologist, Chippewa National Forest, to Phil Delphey, USFWS Twin Cities, MN, ES Field Office, dated 11/17/05.  Subject:  Wolf Data Request.  2 pp.

 

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.  2011.  Comment letter on May 2011 Proposed Rule To Revise the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife for the Gray Wolf (Canis lupus) in the Eastern United States, Initiation of Status Reviews for the Gray Wolf and for the Eastern Wolf (Canis lycaon).  Letter dated 9/12/2011.

 

Wydeven, Adrian.  1998.  E-mail from Wydeven, WI DNR Mammalian Ecologist, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 09/28/98.  Subject:  Wolf disease/parasite treatments.  1 p.

 

Wydeven, Adrian.  2005.  E-mail from Wydeven, WI DNR Mammalian Ecologist, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 11/07/05.  Subject:  Wolves on Indian Reservations.  2 pp. with 2 attachments [irrelevant to subject]:  wolfscicover.doc  Wolf Science Committee Minutes 9-21-05.doc

 

Wydeven, Adrian.  2006a.  E-mail from Wydeven, WI DNR Mammalian Ecologist, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 01/25/06.  Subject:  Menominee Tribe wolf support.  2 pp.

 

Wydeven, Adrian.  2006b.  E-mail from Wydeven, WI DNR Mammalian Ecologist, to Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, dated 08/09/06.  Subject:  Potential for "MN-style" wolf monitoring in WI and MI.  2 pp. with 14-page attachment [Wiedenhoeft 2005, listed separately above]. 

 

Wydeven, Adrian.  2006.  Phone conversation between Wydeven, WI DNR Mammalian Ecologist, and Ron Refsnider, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, on 10/24/06, regarding WI wolf management after federal delisting.

 

Wydeven, Adrian.  2009.  Email from Wydeven, WI DNR Mammalian Ecologist to Laura Ragan, USFWS Regional Office, Ft. Snelling, MN, on 08/21/2009, regarding Research/ Monitoring related mortalities.

 


 

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