U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Guidances
Land-Based Wind Energy Guidance
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service guidelines help wind energy project developers avoid and minimize impacts of land-based wind projects on wildlife and their habitats. The goal of the voluntary guidelines is smart siting, design and operation of the nation's growing wind energy economy.
The Eagle Conservation Plan Guidance explains the Service’s approach to issuing eagle "take" permits and provides guidance to applicants and biologists for conservation practices and adaptive management necessary to meet standards required for issuance of permits and compliance with the Eagle Act.
We developed guidance to help U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service biologists assess the impacts of wind energy projects on Indiana bats. We are sharing this guidance with interested parties as they may find the guidance helpful in understanding the underlying rationale for our impact analyses and for guiding project development to avoid and minimize impacts to Indiana bats.
National Wind Coordinating Collaborative
Comprehensive Guide to Studying Wind Energy/Wildlife Interactions June 2011 (289 pp.)
Protocol for Investigating Displacement Effects of Wind Facilities on Grassland Songbirds Updated June 2007 (15 pp.)
Great Lakes Wind Collaborative
Wind Energy: Great Lakes Regional Guidelines 2011 (65-page PDF)