Division of Conservation Planning
Midwest Region

See the CCP and Final EIS

Both the stand-alone Comprehensive Conservation Plan (CCP) and the Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) are provided here in portable document format (pdf). To see files, you need Acrobat Reader software, and it is available for free on the Adobe website.

The CCP

Full CCP (9.1 MB)

Text-only Full CCP (1.4 MB)

See the CCP by chapter:

Acknowledgments (22 KB)
Preface (20 KB)
Table of Contents (103 KB)
Chapter 1: Purpose of and Need for Action (871 KB); text-only version of Chapter 1 (84 KB)
Chapter 2: The Planning Process (374 KB)
Chapter 3: The Refuge Environment (2.5 MB); text-only version of Chapter 3 (295 KB)
Chapter 4: Management Direction (2.3 MB); text-only version of Chapter 4 (180 KB)
Chapter 5: Plan Implementation (164 KB)
Appendix A: Record of Decision (425 KB)
Appendix B: Glossary (42 KB)
Appendix C: Laws and Orders (111 KB)
Appendix D: Species Lists (205 KB)
Appendix E: State-listed Species Potentially Found at Crab Orchard NWR (29 KB)
Appendix F: Bibliography (64 KB)
Appendix G: Public Law 80-361-441 (27 KB)
Appendix H: Compatibility Determinations (27 KB)
Appendix I: Refuge Operating Needs System (RONS) and Maintenance Management System (MMS) Projects (46 KB)
Appendix J: Programmatic Biological Opinion Transmittal Memo (98 KB)


The FEIS

Final EIS/CCP (10 MB)

Text-only Final EIS/CCP (2.8 MB)

See the Final EIS

Letter to Readers (32 KB)
Abstract (26 KB)
Reader's Guide (29 KB)
Table of Contents (200 KB)
Summary of the EIS (1.1 MB); text-only version (125 KB)
Chapter 1: Purpose of and Need for Action (511 KB)
Chapter 2: Alternatives, Objectives and Strategies (21 MB); text-only version of Chapter 2 (402 KB)
Chapter 3: The Refuge Environment (1.6 MB); text-only version of Chapter 3 (304 KB)
Chapter 4: Environmental Consequences (965 KB)
Chapter 5: List of Preparers (27 KB)
Chapter 6: Consultation and coordination (41 KB)
Chapter 7: Response to Comments Received on the Draft EIS/CCP (8.8 MB); text-only version of Chapter 7 (492 KB)
Appendix A: Goals, Objectives, Strategies and Implementation (164 KB)
Appendix B: Glossary (41 KB)
Appendix C: Laws and Orders (111 KB)
Appendix D: Species List (200 KB)
Appendix E: State-listed Species Potentially Found at Crab Orchard NWR (27 KB)
Appendix F: Bibliography (61 KB)
Appendix G: Public Law 80-361-441 (27 KB)
Appendix H: Summary of Public Comment on Alternatives (54 KB)
Appendix I: Letter Outlining the Exchange Proposal (133 KB)
Appendix J: Compatibility Determinations (24 KB)
Appendix K: Refuge Operating Needs System (RONS) and Maintenance Management System (MMS) Projects (46 KB)
Appendix L: Land Protection Plan (269 KB)
Appendix M: Comparison of Objectives and Strategies by Alternative (124 KB)
Appendix N: Wildlife and Habitat Matrix (34 KB)
Index (231 KB)

Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge Comprehensive Conservation Plan

Image  shows the cover of the Crab Orchard NWR CCP

Comprehensive Conservation Plan Completed
Main Points of the Plan
The Refuge
To Request a Copy
Where Are We in the Planning Process?
Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge Habitat Management Plan


Comprehensive Conservation Plan Completed

The Refuge's comprehensive conservation plan was officially approved in January 2007. The CCP is entirely drawn from the integrated Final Environmental Impact Statement and Comprehensive Conservation Plan, a document that evaluated a variety of management alternatives. The Final EIS/CCP was approved in October 2006.

A stand-alone CCP was created from relevant sections of the Final EIS/CCP. The stand-alone CCP was created to be a less bulky reference document for Refuge staff implementing the CCP and for members of the public who are seeking to understand management actions.

The CCP outlines how the Refuge will fulfill its legal purposes and contribute to the National Wildlife Refuge System's wildlife, habitat, and public use goals.

Main Points of the Plan

The CCP is a detailed document that describes the rationale behind every mangement objective included in the plan. The following list is a very brief description of what we want to accomplish at Crab Orchard NWR. For a full description of objectives, please see the CCP.

The Refuge

Located west of Marion, Illinois, on the northern edge of the Ozark foothills, Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge is one of the largest refuges in the Great Lakes/Big Rivers Region. Established in 1947, the 43,890-acre refuge includes three man-made lakes totaling 8,700 surface acres. The refuge landscape also includes hardwood and pine forests, croplands, grasslands, wetlands, rolling hills, and rugged terrain with slopes of 24 percent. The 4,050-acre Crab Orchard Wilderness, the first wilderness area designated in the State of Illinois, is within the refuge.

Crab Orchard Refuge is unique in the National Wildlife Refuge System in having an industrial program that generates $40 million annually to the local economy. Crab Orchard Refuge is also the only national wildlife refuge to have resident youth camps, such as those operated by Girl Scouts, Boy Scouts, and churches.

The refuge hosts an estimated 1.2 million visitors annually, and its recreation programs contribute $25 million to the local tourism economy. Public use opportunities at the refuge include an auto tour route, hiking trails, hunting, fishing, wildlife observation and photography, environmental education and interpretation, boating, swimming, camping, and picnicking.

Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge has these primary purposes:

Wildlife conservation:

The refuge exists to protect, enhance, and manage natural resources and the refuge landscape through an ecosystem approach that sustains optimum populations of migratory waterfowl, native fish and wildlife species, and threatened and endangered wildlife.

Agriculture:

The refuge seeks to provide opportunities for and encourage agricultural uses that help attain wildlife conservation goals, benefit the local economy, and are compatible with other refuge purposes. Industry: The refuge manages an industrial complex fully utilized by compatible tenants that conform to prescribed safety, health, environmental, and maintenance standards.

Recreation:

The refuge provides safe and equitable public use programs and facilities so that visitors have a wholesome, enjoyable recreational experience and gain an appreciation for fish and wildlife resources, natural and cultural history, outdoor ethics, and environmental awareness.

To Request a Copy

If you have any questions, please call the refuge at 618/997-3344. E-mail or write to:

Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
8588 Route 148
Marion, IL 62959-9970

Where Are We in the Planning Process?

These are the steps that the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service follows in comprehensive conservation planning; the step that Crab Orchard NWR has reached is highlighted:

  1. Preplanning: Plan the Plan
  2. Initiate Public Involvement and Scoping
  3. Review Vision Statement and Goals and Determine Significant Issues
  4. Develop and Analyze Alternatives, Including the Proposed Action
  5. Prepare a Draft CCP and NEPA (National Environmental Policy Act) Document
  6. Prepare and Adopt Final CCP
  7. Implement Plan, Monitor and Evaluate
  8. Review and Revise the Plan
Last updated: April 8, 2014
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