Enbridge Oil Spill in Michigan's Kalamazoo River
News Releases/ Announcements
September 1, 2010 - FAQs from Michigan DNRE on Hunting
Role in Michigan Oil Spill
What is the Service's role in spill response?
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) role in the Kalamazoo/Enbridge Oil Spill Response was to provide technical advice on natural resource and wildlife issues to U.S. EPA and the Unified Command (UC) and to oversee recovery, rehabilitation and release of wildlife that were oiled. The Service provided immediate information to the UC on how to minimize oil spill response impacts to wildlife and sensitive habitats and on daily observations that wildlife response teams were making in the field. The Service also provided rapid reviews of response and restoration plans that Enbridge submitted to U.S. EPA. Finally, the Service worked in partnership with other federal and state agencies to collect and analyze evidence of impacts to natural resources and wildlife as part of the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA), see below.
In the initial stages of the Enbridge oil spill response, Service and Michigan DNR specialists were among the first responders to recover oiled wildlife. Service biologists and law enforcement agents responded to calls and captured oil wildlife until the Enbridge assets were fully mobilized. The Service provided leadership and oversight, in partnership with Michigan DNR, for wildlife recovery and for operations at the Wildlife Response Center, where oiled wildlife were treated and prepared for release. More information on the wildlife response is available in a Wildlife Response Narrative (PDF).
What is the Service's role in addressing the damages caused by a spill?
In addition to their spill response activities, the Service works in partnership with other federal , state, and tribal governmental agencies to collect and analyze evidence of spill impacts to natural resources, including wildlife, as part of a Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA).
What is NRDA?
Federal and state statutes authorize federal, state, and tribal governments to seek compensation on behalf of the public for natural resources injured or destroyed when areas becomes contaminated with oil or is impacted by oil spill response. NRDA is the process to do that. The goals of NRDA are two-fold:
Who are the Trustees for this site?
The Trustees for this site includes 6 State and Federal agencies and 2 Tribes. They are:
What do Trustees do and what are some specific things Trustees have done at the site?
Trustees work in partnership with one another to achieve the goals of NRDA in part, by seeking compensation from the Responsible Party (i.e. Enbridge). Within days of the spill, Trustees began collecting data in order to understand the impact from this spill to habitat and biota. Trustees have collected data on water, fish, benthic macroinvertebrates, mussels, vegetation, sediment, oiled wildlife recovery and rehabilitation, recreational closures and impacts of the response actions. Initially, the Trustees collected data to identify and quantify short-term and long-term impacts to natural resources cooperatively with Enbridge. By planning studies and collecting data in integrated teams, both sides can be equally confident in the results. The Trustees have developed a separate website specifically for the NRDA, and more detailed information on the progress and results of the NRDA can be found there.
2011 Update from the Wildlife Response Center
The wildlife recovery center in Marshall, MI was closed because such a large facility was not needed as the number of oiled wildlife had declined in 2011. The new facility in Battle Creek is smaller while still meeting the needs of oiled wildlife. Wildlife recovery and rehabilitation operations are still underway and will continue until at least September 2011. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Michigan Department of Natural Resources continue to provide oversight.
Turtles with only a light sheen are being cleaned in the field. Turtles moderately-heavily oiled are brought back to the wildlife recovery center as they require a greater effort to clean. There have been no other types of wildlife (e.g. birds, mammals, etc) collected in 2011.
If anyone sees dead or alive wildlife impacted by the oil, they should call the Enbridge Oil Spill Hotline at 1-800-306-6837. The Hotline operators will convey the information to trained crews so that the crews can recover the animal.
Summary of Wildlife Activities 7/28/2010 through 7/13/2011*
* Only reptiles have been collected during 2011. Data summary provided by Stantec, working under contract to Enbridge, and still subject to agency review.
About the Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA)
Statement of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior, on the Enbridge Pipeline Oil Spill near Marshall, Michigan, before the House Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure (PDF)
EPA - www.epa.gov/enbridgespill
Questions? Visit the Frequently Asked Questions page.
First Bird Release - WDIV Detroit
Southern Michigan faces long recovery after oil spill - Toledo Blade
Chasing geese in Marshall - Battle Creek Enquirer
In Search of Oiled Geese - Battle Creek Enquirer
Public Hotline / Report Oiled Wildlife: 800-306-6837
Last updated: May 12, 2015
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, One Federal Drive, Fort Snelling, MN 55111-4056