U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE
September 22, 2009
Contacts: Georgia Parham 812-334-4261 x 1203
Jane Ledwin 573-234-2132 x 109
Fish and Wildlife Service Proposes Endangered Species Act Protection for the Shovelnose Sturgeon
The Fish and Wildlife Service is proposing to treat the shovelnose sturgeon as a threatened species under the Endangered Species Act (Act) due to its similarity of appearance to the endangered pallid sturgeon. The Service is also proposing a special rule that would prohibit harvest of flesh or roe of shovelnose sturgeon and shovelnose–pallid sturgeon hybrids when associated with a commercial fishing activity.
The demand for the roe of sturgeon as a source of caviar has increased commercial fishing pressure on sturgeon. The pallid sturgeon was listed as an endangered species in 1990, so it is illegal to take this species or its roe. But it is difficult to differentiate pallid from shovelnose sturgeon, and pallid sturgeon have been taken during commercial fishing operations for shovelnose. Therefore, the Service believes that treating the shovelnose as a threatened species and thereby prohibiting its commercial harvest in areas where the ranges of the two species overlap will prevent the take of pallid sturgeon during commercial harvests.
The Service proposes to regulate the take of shovelnose sturgeon and shovelnose-pallid sturgeon hybrids only in areas where the shovelnose and pallid sturgeons’ ranges overlap. Specifically, this includes:
Missouri River in Iowa, Kansas, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, and South Dakota;
Mississippi River in Arkansas, Kentucky, Illinois (downstream from Melvin Price Locks and Dam), Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri (downstream from Melvin price Locks and Dam), and Tennessee;
Platte River in Nebraska (downstream of the Elkhorn River confluence);
Kansas River (downstream from Bowersock Dam in Kansas);
Yellowstone River in North Dakota and Montana (downstream of the Bighorn River confluence); and
Atchafalaya River in Louisiana.
The Endangered Species Act prohibits “take” of species that are listed as endangered or threatened except where authorized by permit or by a special rule that exempts the take prohibition for certain activities that are consistent with conservation of the species. “Take” is defined in the Act as harass, harm, pursue, hunt, shoot, wound, kill, trap, capture, or collect, or to attempt to engage in any such conduct.
This rule would prohibit take of any shovelnose sturgeon, shovelnose–pallid sturgeon hybrids, or their roe when associated with or related to a commercial fishing activity in those portions of its range that commonly overlap with the range of endangered pallid sturgeon. In this context, commercial fishing purposes is defined as any activity where shovelnose sturgeon and shovelnose-pallid sturgeon hybrid roe or flesh is attempted to be, or is intended to be traded, sold, or exchanged for goods or services.
Under the proposed regulation, the capture of shovelnose sturgeon or shovelnose-pallid sturgeon hybrids in any commercial fishing gear is not prohibited if it is accidental or incidental to otherwise legal commercial fishing activities targeting non-sturgeon species, provided the animal is released immediately upon discovery, with all roe intact, at the point of capture. All otherwise legal activities involving shovelnose sturgeon and shovelnose–pallid sturgeon hybrids that are conducted in accordance with applicable State, Federal, Tribal, and local laws and regulations are not considered to be take under this proposed regulation. Any lawful recreational fishing or other non-commercial fishing activities would not be prohibited by this action.
Section 4(e) of the Endangered Species Act authorizes the treatment of a species as endangered or threatened if (a) the species so closely resembles in appearance a listed species that law enforcement personnel would have substantial difficulty in attempting to differentiate between the listed and unlisted species; (b) the effects of this substantial difficulty is an additional threat to an endangered or threatened species; and (c) such treatment of an unlisted species will substantially facilitate the enforcement and further purposes of the Act. With regard to the shovelnose sturgeon, the Service believes each of these factors applies.
The Service will also accept comments and scientific information regarding this proposal from interested parties until November 23, 2009. Additionally, there will be an independent peer-review of the proposal to ensure its scientific validity. All information including the peer review comments will be considered in the final rule making process. This proposal is published in today’s Federal Register. For more information, please visit the Service’s web site at:
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