Wisconsin Ecological Services Field Office

Midwest Region

 

Wisconsin Field Office

2661 Scott Tower Drive
Green Bay, WI 54229-9565
Phone: 920-866-1717
Fax: 920-866-1710
TTY: 1-800-877-8339
(Federal Relay)

e-mail: GreenBay@fws.gov

 


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Kirtland's warbler

(Dendroica kirtlandii)

 

Kirtland's Warbler

Photo by USFWS; Joel Trick

 

Kirtland's Warbler

 

Status: Endangered, first listed March 11, 1967

 

Habitat: Breeds in jack pine

 

Lead Region: 3

 

Region 3 Lead Office: East Lansing, Michigan Field Office

 

Range: Michigan, Wisconsin

 

Listen to a podcast!

Find out about the Kirtland's warbler from Field Office biologists Dan Elbert, Chris Mensing and Christie Deloria.

 

Audio Clip

 

 

The Kirtland's warbler is an endangered songbird that nests in young jack pine stands. Until 1995 they had nested only in the northern part of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula. Today, they also nest in the Upper Peninsula, and since 2007, have nested in Wisconsin (links to a PDF) and Canada.

 

Kirtland's warblers migrate from their nesting grounds to the southeastern coast of the United States on their way to wintering grounds in the Bahamas.

 

View a Slideshow about Kirtland’s Warblers Recovery!

 

Kirtland's Warbler in Wisconsin

 

Wisconsin Kirtland's Warbler Updates - weekly updates on surveying, monitoring, and banding during the nesting season as well as nesting season summaries.

 

Wisconsin DNR Kirtland's Warbler Home

 

News Release (Nov. 20, 2012): 2012 Marks a Banner Year for Endangered Kirtland’s Warblers

 

News Release (July 25, 2008) Partnership Proves Key to Kirtland's Warbler Nesting Success in Wisconsin

 

Long-term Management for Kirtland's Warbler

Kirtland's Warbler Images in Flickr

 

Prescribed fire, clearcutting, replanting, and cowbird control are some of the measures taken to restore Kirtland's warblers and their habitat. In Michigan, most Kirtland's warbler habitat is on public land. In Wisconsin, Kirtland's warbler are often found on private lands.

Natural History and Regulatory Information:

Kirtland's warblers nest in jack pine stands where trees are just the right height (about 5 to 16 feet tall) and the trees are spaced to let sunlight through to the ground. Sunlight helps keep lower tree branches alive and bushy. Because Kirtland's warblers build their nests on the ground the bushy lower trees brances hide the nest beneath them. When the trees grow larger their upper branches block the sun, causing the lower branches to die. Grasses and other plants also become less dense. The warblers then must find another nesting area. After nesting and raising their young, Kirtland's warblers migrate to the Bahamas where they winter in scrub thickets.

 

Kirtland's Warbler Fact sheet

 

Working Together to Save a Special Bird....managing the forest for the Kirtland's warbler (a fact sheet)

 

Species Profile on the National Endangered Species website

 

Recovery Information:

Recovery is the process used to restore threatened and endangered species to the point that protection under the Endangered Species Act is no longer needed. Kirtland's warbler recovery has centered on managing State Forest lands, National Forest lands, and National Wildlife Refuge lands for short rotation jack pine to provide suitable nesting habitat, along with trapping and removing brown-headed cowbirds to reduce nest parasitism and increase warbler nest productivity.

 

Article: Rare Bird Nests are Cause for Celebration from Fall 2007 Endangered Species Technical Bulletin

 

Kirtland's Warbler 2010 Nesting Season Summary


Kirtlands' Warbler - Annual Census Results

 

Kirtland's Warbler Michigan Guided Tour Information

 

Links to More Information

 

This species is the subject of a Michigan Natural Features Inventory abstract (PDF), last updated 2002

 

Michigan Department of Natural Resources and Environment Kirtland's Warbler website

 


 

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Last updated: June 30, 2014