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Species of Concern

 

Mammals | Birds | Reptiles | Amphibians | Insects | Flowering Plants

 

The following list includes some (but not all) of the Species of Concern in Region 3 and actions that have or are being taken to document their status or conserve the species. As time and budget allows, species and additional information will be added to this list. Region 3 is the lead region unless noted otherwise. Abbreviation indicates the lead Field Office within Region 3 (e.g., TCFO).

 

Blanding's turtle

Blanding's turtle

Photo by Tina Shaw; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

 

"Species of concern" is an informal term that refers to those species which Region 3 believes might be in need of concentrated conservation actions. Such conservation actions vary depending on the health of the populations and degree and types of threats. At one extreme, there may only need to be periodic monitoring of populations and threats to the species and its habitat. At the other extreme, a species may need to be listed as a Federal threatened or endangered species. "Species of concern" receive no legal protection and the use of the term does not necessarily mean that the species will eventually be proposed for listing as a threatened or endangered species.

 

Guidance for Conducting Status Assessments

 

 

Recent Actions

90-Day Findings on Two Midwestern Species (March 15, 2016)

American burying beetle (currently listed as endangered) and Yellow-banded Bumble Bee

 

90-Day Findings on 4 Midwestern Species (September 18, 2015)

Northern bog lemming, Wood turtle, Regal fritillary butterfly, Rusty patched bumble bee

 

90-Day Findings on 5 Midwestern Reptiles and Amphibians (July 1, 2015)

Alligator snapping turtle, Blanding's turtle, Spotted turtle, Green salamander, Illinois chorus frog,

 

Mammals

Northern bog lemming (Synaptomys borealis sphagnicola)

 

Substantial 90-Day Finding

 

Range:  AK, ID, MT, MN*, ME, NH, NY, WA


Petition from Wild Earth Guardians

 

Three Grassland Thicket Species:

Prairie Gray Fox, Plains Spotted Skunk and DPS of the Mearn’s eastern cottontail

 

News Release: (December 5, 2012): Prairie Gray Fox, Plains Spotted Skunk May Warrant Protection Under the Endangered Species Act; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to Review Species’ Status

 

Federal Register (December 4, 2012): 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List the Prairie Gray Fox, the Plains Spotted Skunk, and a Distinct Population Segment of the Mearn’s Eastern Cottontail in East-Central Illinois and Western Indiana as Endangered or Threatened Species (13-page PDF; 225KB)

 

The Petition Process

 

A Petition to list Three Grassland and Thicket (Early-Successional) Species as Threatened or Endangered under Section 4 of the Endangered Species Act of 1973. 14-page PDF

 

Birds

Baird's sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii)

Fact Sheet, Status Assessment and Conservation Plan (Region 6 lead); TCFO

 

Black tern (Chlidonias niger)

Black Tern Status Assessment (1999) 137-page PDF Adobe pdf icon; 7.8MB (Region 6 lead); TCFO

 

Cerulean warbler (Dendroica cerulea)

Available Information

 

Common tern, Great Lake Population (Sterna hirundo)

Common Tern Status Assessment (2003)

 

Golden-winged warbler

90-Finding on a Petition to List under the Endangered Species Act

 

Henslow's sparrow (Ammodramus henslowii)

Status Assessment and Conservation Plan for the Henslow's Sparrow (2012) (136-page PDF; 3.8MB)

 

Henslow's Sparrow Distribution, Relative Abundance and Habitat Selection in the Central Hardwoods Bird Conservation Region 2011 (57-page PDF Adobe pdf icon; 2MB)

 

September 9, 1998, Federal Register Notice of Finding on Petition to List as Threatened PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

1997 Decision on the Status Recommendation (decision not to designate as candidate species)

 

Status Assessment (1996) PDF Adobe pdf icon, 109 pages

 

Status Assessment Report Summary (completed in 1996); BFO

 

 

Loggerhead shrike (Lanius ludovicianus migrans)

Status assessment completed November, 2000 (pdf file); BFO

 

Northern goshawk (Accipiter gentilis)

Literature review for Region 3 states and Ontario is underway; GBFO and TCFO

 

Status of Northern Goshawk; Proceedings of a Workshop

 

Sprague's pipit (Anthus spragueii)

Historic Range: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Georgia, Louisiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Montana, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Texas

Current Range: Arizona, Colorado, Kansas, Louisiana, Minnesota, Montana Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas

Lead Region: Region 6

Region 3 Lead Office: Twin Cities Field Office

 

Listed as Candidate: 2010

Removed as Candidate: April 5, 2016

 

12-Month Finding on Petition to List Sprague's Pipit (April 5, 2016)

 

12-Month Finding on a Petition to List Sprague’s Pipit as Endangered or Threatened Throughout Its
Range
(Sept. 15, 2010)

 

90-Day Finding on a Petition to List Sprague’s Pipit as Threatened or Endangered (Dec. 3, 2009)

 

Species Profile

 

News Release (April 4, 2016): New Information Shows Sprague’s Pipit Does Not Require Federal Protection

Reptiles

Alligator Snapping Turtle (Macrochelys temminckii)

Positive 90-Day Finding July 1, 2015; status review underway; Southeast Region

Questions and Answers about 90-Day Finding

News Release

Petition to List 53 Species of Reptiles and Amphibians (454-page PDF)

 

Information and Ongoing Conservation

Illinois DNR - Recovering Alligator Snapping Turtles: partners coordinate release in southern Illinois creeks (August 1, 2014)

Illinois DNR Pamphlet: Recovery of the Alligator Snapping Turtle in Illinois

 

Blanding's Turtle (Emydoidea blandingii); Rock Island Field Office

Positive 90-Day Finding; July 1, 2015; status review underway

Questions and Answers about 90-Day Finding

News Release

Petition to List 53 Species of Reptiles and Amphibians (454-page PDF)

 

Information and Ongoing Conservation

Midwest PARC's Conservation Assessment Survey (October 2010) 47-page PDF

 

Minnesota DNR Blanding's Turtle Home

 

Northeast Regional Blanding's Turtle Conservation Plan (5-page PDF)

 

Wisconsin DNR Blanding's Turtle Home

Wisconsin DNR Blanding's Turtle Species Guidance (7-page PDF)

 

Prescribed Fire Use and Important Management Considerations for Amphibians and Reptiles within the Midwest (10-page PDF)

 

Spotted Turtle (Clemmys guttata); Northeast Region

Positive 90-Day Finding; July 1, 2015; status review underway

Questions and Answers about 90-Day Finding

News Release

Petition to List 53 Species of Reptiles and Amphibians (454-page PDF)

 

Information and Ongoing Conservation

Massachusetts Forestry Conservation Management Practices for Spotted Turtles

 

Maine Fact Sheet for Spotted Turtle

 

Michigan Natural Feature's Inventory Spotted Turtle Home

 

Wood turtle (Glyptemys insculpta)

Substantial 90-Day Finding (Sept. 18, 2015)


Range:  CT, DE, IA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, VT, VA, WV, WI and Canada


Included in a petition to list 53 Reptiles and Amphibians from the Center for Biological Diversity

Illinois Chorus Frog

Illinois Chorus Frog

Photo courtesy of Michael Jeffords; Illinois Natural History Survey

 

Amphibians

Eastern Hellbender (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis alleganiensis); Ohio Field Office

Eastern Hellbender Status Assessment Report (2003) - 43 page PDF. Location information has been blacked out in the copy of this status assessment because collection is a serious threat to this species.

 

Green Salamander (Aneides aeneus); Southeast Region

Positive 90-Day Finding July 1, 2015; status review underway

Questions and Answers about 90-Day Finding

News Release

Petition to List 53 Species of Reptiles and Amphibians (454-page PDF)

 

Illinois Chorus Frog (Pseudacris illinoensis); Rock Island Field Office

Positive 90-Day Finding July 1, 2015; status review underway

Questions and Answers about 90-Day Finding

News Release

Petition to List 53 Species of Reptiles and Amphibians (454-page PDF)

 

Information and Ongoing Conservation

Habitat Conservation Initiative for the Illinois Chorus Frog (19-page PDF) State of Illinois - - Sept. 2009 to August 2012

 

 

Northern Leopard Frog (Lithobates [=Rana] pipiens)

News Release (Oct. 4, 2011): Endangered Species Act Protection for Northern Leopard Frog is Not Warranted

 

12-Month Finding on a Petition To List the Northern Leopard Frog in the Western United States as Threatened (PDF)

 

Fishes

Coaster brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)

12-Month Finding and 90-Day Finding on a Petition to List as Endangered and Background Information - Listing not warranted

 

Crystal darter (Crystallaria asprella)

Status assessment (pdf) completed; Ohio Field Office

 

Eastern sand darter (Etheostoma pellucidum)

Status assessment (PDF); Ohio Field Office

 

Flathead chub(Hybopsis gracilis)

Status assessment underway; CMFO

 

Longhead darter (Percina macrocephala)

Status assessment underway; Ohio Field Office

 

Northern cavefish (Amblyopsis spelaea)

Status assessment completed in 1995; BFO

 

Decision on the Status Recommendation (decision not to designate as a candidate species)

 

Shortjaw cisco (Coregonus zenithicus)

Status Assessment: Status of the shortjaw cisco (Coregonus zenithicus) in Lake Superior - July 2005; East Lansing Field Office

 

Spotted darter (Etheostoma maculatum)

Spotted Darter Candidate Assessment Form (July 2011)

 

Status assessment - 2004 (PDF); Ohio Field Office

 

Mussels

Salamander Mussel (Simpsonaias ambigua)

Status assessment underway; GBFO

 

Snails

Frigid Ambersnail (Catinella gelida)

Federal Register Notice: 12-Month Finding on a Petition To List the Frigid Ambersnail as Endangered - listing not warranted July 26, 2011 (4-page PDF; 60KB)

 

Glacial relict snails

Status assessment underway; Rock Island Field Office

 

Insects

Iowa Skipper (Atrytone arogos iowa)

Data and Literature Compilation - April 2005

 

Regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia)

Substantial 90-Day Finding (Sept. 18, 2015)

 

Range : AR, CO, CT, DE, IL, IN, IA, KA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MO, MT, NE, NH, NJ, NY, NC, ND, OH,  OK, PA, SD,VT, VA, WV, WI


Petition from Wild Earth Guardians

 

Rusty patched bumble bee (Bombus affinis)

Substantial 90-Day Finding (Sept. 18, 2015)

 

Range : CT, IL, IN, IA, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, NC, NJ, OH, TN, WI

 

Petition from the Xerces Society

 

Fact Sheet

 

Swamp metalmark (Calephelis muticum)

Status assessment underway; Wisconsin Field Office

 

A shovel-headed leafhopper - no common name (Attenuipyga vanduzeei)

Status assessment underway; Wisconsin Field Office

 

Yellow-banded bumble bee (Bombus terricola)

Substantial 90-Day Finding (March 16, 2016)

 

Range : CT, IL, KY, ME, MD, MA, MI, MN, MT, NH, NY, NC, ND, OH, PA, RI, SD, TN, VA, VT, WV, WI

 

Petition from Defenders of Wildlife

 

Crustaceans

Indiana crayfish (Orconectes indianensis)

Status assessment completed in 1995; BFO

 

Decision on the Status Recommendation (decision not to designate as candidate species)

 

Flowering Plants

Hall's bulrush (Schoenoplectus (Scirpus) hallii)

Status Assessment completed in 1998; CMFO

 

Hill's thistle (Cirsium hillii)

Status assessment completed in 1997; ELFO

Decision on the Status Recommendation (decision not to designate as candidate species)

 

Oklahoma grass pink (Calopogon oklahomensis); Lead Field Office CIFO

 

October 4, 2011 New Release: Endangered Species Act Protection Not Warranted for Oklahoma Grass Pink Orchid

 

Federal Register Notice: Not Warranted 12-Month Finding on a Petition To List Calopogon oklahomensis as Threatened or Endangered (15-page PDF)

 

Wolf's spike-rush (Eleocharis wolfii)

Status Assessment published 2009

 


 

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Last updated: April 6, 2016