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Species of Concern
References for the Cerulean Warbler 12-Month Finding on Petition to List as Threatened
Alig, R.J. and B.J. Butler. 2004. Area changes for forest cover types in the United States, 1952 to 1997, with projections to 2050. Gen Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-613. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 106 p.
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Bosworth, S.B. 2003. Cerulean Warbler relative abundance and frequency of occurrence relative to large-scale edge. M.S. thesis, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV. 53 pp.
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Evans, D. E., and R.A. Fischer. 1997. “Species Profile: Cerulean Warbler (Denroica cerulean) on Military Installations in the Southeastern United States.” Technical Report SERDP-97-12, U.S. Army Engineer Waterways Experiment Station, Vicksburg, MS.
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Hamel, P.B. 2000a. Cerulean Warbler Status Assessment. U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Minneapolis, Minnesota. 141 pp. Available from FWS at http://www.fws.gov/midwest/eco_serv/soc/birds/cerw/cewa_sa.html.
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Holmes, E. E. 2001. Estimating risks in declining populations with poor data. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA) 98:5072–5077.
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Jones, J., P. Ramoni-Perrazzi, E.H. Carruthers, and R.J. Robertson. 2000. Sociality and foraging behavior of the Cerulean Warbler in Venezuelan shade coffee plantations. Condor 102(4):958–962.
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Lorimer, C.G. 1989. Relative Effects of Small and Large Disturbances on Temperate Hardwood Forest Structure. Ecology 10(3), pp. 565-567.
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Moreno, M.I, P. Salaman, and D. Pashley. 2006. The current status of the Cerulean Warbler in its winter range. Unpublished report by Fundacion ProAves and American Bird Conservancy to U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 22 pp. Available from FWS at http://www.fws.gov/midwest/eco_serv/soc/birds/cerw/morenaetal0806.html.
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Parker, T.A. III. 1994. Habitat, behavior, and spring migration of Cerulean Warbler in Belize. American Birds 48(1): 70-75.
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Perkins, K.A. 2006. Cerulean Warbler Selection of Forest Canopy Gaps. Master's Thesis, West Virginia University. 89 pp.
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Rich, T.D., C. J. Beardmore, H. Berlanga, P. J. Blancher, M. S. W. Bradstreet, G. S. Butcher, D. Demarest, E. H. Dunn, W. C. Hunter, E. Iñigo-Elias, J. A. Kennedy, A. Martell, A. Panjabi, D. N. Pashley, K. V. Rosenberg, C. Rustay, S. Wendt and T. Will. 2004. Partners in Flight North American Landbird Conservation Plan. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Ithaca, NY.
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Robbins, C.S., J.W. Fitzpatrick, and P.B. Hamel. 1992. A warbler in trouble: Dendroica cerulea. Pp. 549–562 in Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds (J. M. Hagan, III, and D. W. Johnston, eds.). Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C.
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Roth, K.L. 2004. Cerulean warbler breeding biology in Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge, Madison, Master’s Thesis, Indiana. Ball State University, Muncie, Indiana. 46 pp.
Royale, J.A., W.A. Link, and J.R. Sauer. 2002. Statistical mapping of count survey data. Pages 625-638 in J.M. Scott, P.J. Heglund, M.L. Morrison, J.B. Haufler, M.G. Raphael, W.A. Wall, and F.B. Samson, eds. Predicting Species Occurrences: Issues of Scale and Accuracy. Island Press. Covello, CA.
Ruley, D.A. 2000. Petition under the Endangered Species Act to list the Cerulean Warbler, Dendroica cerulea, as a threatened species. 31 pp. plus endnotes. Available at:
Sauer, J.R. 2006. Unpublished data. Email and table with results of Hierarchical Model results of BBS data analysis for Cerulean Warbler by region and states. 2 pp. John Sauer, US Geological Survey, Biological Resources, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, 12100 Beech Forest Rd., Laurel, MD 20708-4039
Sauer, J.R., J. E. Hines, and J. Fallon. 2005a. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 – 2005. Version 6.2.2006. Cerulean Warbler Dendroica cerulea -- BBS Summer Distribution Map, 1994 – 2003. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD. http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/bbs/htm03/ra2003_red/ra06580.htm
Sauer, J.R., J. E. Hines, and J. Fallon. 2005b. The North American Breeding Bird Survey, Results and Analysis 1966 - 2005. Version 6.2.2006. Details: Trend Estimation. USGS Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, Laurel, MD. (http://www.mbr-pwrc.usgs.gov/bbs/trendin.html)
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Thogmartin, W. 2006. Unpublished data. Results of diffusion approximation extinction risk model for Cerulean Warbler. 20 pp. Wayne Thogmartin, US Geological Survey, Biological Resources, Upper Midwest Environmental Sciences Center, 2630 Fanta Reed Rd., La Crosse, WI 54603-1223.
United States Environmental Protection Agency. 2005. Mountaintop Mining/Valley Fills in Appalachia – Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement, Introduction, Comment Summaries, Responses, and Errata. EPA Region 3, Philadelphia, PA – EPA 9-03-R-05002
United States Fish and Wildlife Service. 2006. Proceedings from a Cerulean Warbler Risk Assessment & Conservation Planning Workshop. Regions 3, 4, and 5. 39 pp. plus appendices. http://www.fws.gov/midwest/eco_serv/soc/birds/cerw/cerw06ra.html
Varble, D.W. 2006. The Effects of a Periodic Cicada Emergence on Forest Birds and the Ecology of Cerulean Warblers at Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge, Indiana (Masters Thesis).
Veit, M.L., R.J. Robertson, P.B. Hamel, and V.L. Friesen. 2005. Population genetic structure and dispersal across a fragmented landscape in cerulean warblers (Dendroica cerulea). Conservation Genetics 6:159–174.
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Weakland, C.A., and P.B. Wood. 2002. Cerulean Warbler microhabitat and landscape-level habitat characteristics in southern West Virginia in relation to mountaintop mining/valley fills. Final Project Report to USGS-BRD Species at Risk Program. West Virginia Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit USGS Biological Resources Division and West Virginia University, Division of Forestry P.O. Box 6125, Morgantown, WV 26506. 55 pp.
Weakland, C.A., and P.B. Wood. 2005. Cerulean Warbler microhabitat and landscape-level habitat characteristics in southern West Virginia. Auk 122:497-508.
Weakland, C.A., P.B. Wood, G.E. Williams, Jr., J.P. Duguay, T. Demeo, and J. Nichols. 2003. Cerulean Warbler habitat characteristics in West Virginia. Unpublished manuscript.
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