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Natural Resource Damage Assessment

Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District

 

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The Viburnum Trend is the number one lead (Pb) producing district in the United States, and at one time, the world.

Photo by USFWS; John Weber (2008)

 

Draft Restoration Plan

 

Federal Register Notice of Availability (231 KB Adobe pdf icon)

 

Draft Southeast Missouri Ozarks Regional Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment (3 MB Adobe pdf icon)

 

Appendices (896 KB Adobe pdf icon)

 

The public comment period for the Southeast Missouri Ozarks Regional Restoration Plan ended on December 4th, 2013.  The Trustees are working now to reconcile and respond to comments received during the comment period.  We will publish a final document that responds to comments received as soon as possible.  Thank you for your contributions and patience.

 

Background

Mining and smelting sites within St. Francois, Reynolds, Jefferson and Iron Counties in Missouri are located within the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District, an area that was mined extensively for lead and zinc for more than a century.  As a result of this mining and related activities, large amounts of metals including cadmium, lead, zinc, and nickel were released and are continuing to be released into Missouri's environment.  Cadmium, lead, zinc, and other metals associated with mining are potentially toxic to a wide variety of plants and animals.

 

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The Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District is the largest lead mining district in the entire world.
Map by USFWS

 

 

Trustees

Under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act, and implementing regulations, the Director of the Department of Natural Resources (Missouri DNR) and the U.S. Department of the Interior (DOI) are Trustees for natural resources in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District .  Natural resources over which Missouri DNR and DOI exercise trusteeship include surface waters (rivers, lakes, streams, etc.), ground water, soils, air, plants, and animals.  As Trustees, the State of Missouri and DOI serve as stewards for these resources within the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District and have the authority to assess whether the resources and their services have been injured as a result of release(s) of hazardous substances.  Injuries to natural resources can occur if the resources are exposed to concentrations of hazardous substances that are high enough to cause specific adverse effects.  For example, injuries can occur if lead and/or zinc concentrations in surface waters are so high that relevant water quality criteria are exceeded. Plants and animals are injured if they die, cannot reproduce normally, become sick or are otherwise negatively affected as defined under relevant laws and regulations. 

 

Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Process

The Federal Mine and Mill, Park Hills, MO

Historic mine and mill buildings at the Federal Mine and Mill #3, now a part of Missouri Mines State Historic Site.  Note the tailings dam in the background.

Photo by USFWS; John Weber (2008)

The process through which the Trustees evaluate injuries to natural resources associated with the release(s) of hazardous substances and determine appropriate compensation for those injuries is called natural resource damage assessment and restoration (NRDAR).  DOI promulgated and published NRDAR regulations in the Federal Register (43 CFR Part 11.).  These regulations provide procedures by which trustees can identify natural resource injuries, quantify those injuries, determine appropriate compensation (damages) for the injured resources and the services they provide, and restore those injured resources.  The NRDAR process includes a number of different steps, specifically:

 

1) Pre-assessment

 

2) Assessment planning

 

3) Assessment

 

4) Post-Assessment Planning and Implementation

 

The Buick Tailings Impoundment, Buick, MO

Lead (Pb) tailings impoundment in the Viburnum Trend mining district of southeast Missouri.

Photo by USFWS; John Weber (2008)

DOI and the State of Missouri have begun a NRDAR for portions of the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District.  In June 2008, the Trustees completed the pre-assessment phase for the Big River Mine Tailings Superfund Site and Surrounding Area in the St. Francois County portion of Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District and three sites within the Viburnum Trend portion of the Lead Mining District :  Sweetwater Mine and Mill Complex, West Fork Mine and Mill Complex, and Glover Smelter which culminated in two Preassessment Screens and Determinations (Missouri DNR and DOI 2008).  In the Preassessment Screens, in accordance with applicable regulations, the Trustees concluded that further investigation and assessment of natural resource injury and damages was warranted at the Sites described above. 43 C.F.R §§11.24 and 11.25.

 

In addition to this website, you can learn more about the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District NRDA by visiting the Missouri Department of Natural Resources at (leave this website):http://www.dnr.mo.gov/env/hwp/sfund/nrda.htm

 

Natural Resource Damage Assessment Contacts and Reports

Contacts

During the NRDAR process, the Trustees create a number of key documents which are released to the public for review and comment. Below are links to Trustee reports for the Southeast Missouri Natural Resource Damage Assessment.  If you have any questions concerning information found in any of these reports or any other comments related to the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District NRDA, contact us via email.

 

Dave Mosby, Case Manager, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 

Mr. Tim Rielly, Case Manager, Missouri Department of Natural Resources

 

Reports

2011 Accomplishment Report

 

Preassessment Screens:

Southeast Missouri Bird Exposure Study

USGS toxicologists collect a blood sample from a northern cardinal as a part of injury determination studies in southeast Missouri.

Photo by Missouri Department of Natural Resources; Hillary Wakefield (2009)

Viburnum Trend (Sweetwater et al.) Preassessment Screen (108KB .pdf file) June, 2008

 

Viburnum Trend (Fletcher et al.) Preassessment Screen  (588KB .pdf file) March, 2009

 

Big River Mine Tailings Site Preassessment Screen (220KB .pdf file)  June, 2008

 

Addendum to Preassessment Screen for Big River Mine Tailings Site (BRMT) (340 KB), January, 2009

 

Assessment Plan

Phase I final (2.2MB .pdf file) , January, 2009;

 

Response to comments on Phase I Assessment Plan (506 KB), January, 2009

 

Appendix A to Assessment Plan - Threatened and Endangered Species of SEMOLMD (15KB; .pdf)

 

Appendix B to Assessment Plan - Migratory Birds of SEMOLMD (119KB; .xls)

 

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U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service and Missouri Department of Conservation malacologists (biologists who study mussels) conduct the Assessment of Big River Mussel Populations and Heavy Metals in Sediments.
Photo by USFWS; John Weber (2009)

Sediment and Mussel Sampling Plan (113KB .pdf file) August, 2008

 

Statement of Work: Channel Instability and Sediment Contamination Risk to Lower Big River Mussel Beds (12-page PDF, 168KB) October 7, 2010

 

 

Study Plans

Proposed Survey of Freshwater Mussels, Mussel Habitat, and Sediment Contamination on the Big River, Missouri (August 2013) 6-page PDF; 526KB Adobe pdf icon

 

Spatial distribution, geochemistry, and storage of mining sediment in channel and floodplain deposits of streams draining the Viburnum Trend Mining District of Southeast Missouri (Aug. 16, 2012) 217KB;17-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Work Plan to Assist the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in identification of the depth of mine tailings contamination of streambed sediments in the Viburnum Trend mining district of southeastern Missouri (2012) 127KB; 12-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Sampling and Analysis Plan for the Viburnum Trend Lead Mining District Transition Zone Assessment Study (July 2012) 933KB; 43-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

2010 Viburnam Trend Water and Sediment Sampling - Hine's Emerald Dragonfly Survey 11-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Channel Instability and Sediment Contamination Risk to Lower Big River Mussel Beds (Oct. 7, 2010) 12-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Big River Long Term Monitoring Methods (28 KB) July, 2010

 

Study Plan for Crayfish (2.2 MB) January, 2009

 

Study Plan for Floristic Quality Index (92 KB) January, 2009

 

Study Plan for Riffle Studies  (46 KB) January, 2009

 

Study Plan for Bird Injury  (58 KB)  Spring, 2009

 

Map of potential bird collection sites (1.4 MB) Spring, 2009

 

SOP for passerine capture  (192 KB) Spring, 2009

 

SOP for collection ...blood ... small birds (460 KB) Spring, 2009

 

SOP for removal of liver tissue  (250 KB) Spring, 2009

 

Big River Mine Sediment Assessment Project (2008-2009) prepared Nov. 7, 2008 - - 14-page PDF Adobe pdf icon

 

Study Plan for Sediment Metal Toxicity (53KB .pdf file) September, 2008

 

The Federal Mine and Mill, Park Hills, MO

USGS ecologists and contractors conduct a Floristic Quality Assessment at the Sweetwater Tailings Impoundment.

Photo by USFWS; John Weber (2009)

 

Determination Reports

Toxic Exposure of Songbirds to Lead in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District 08-06-13 (367 KB Adobe pdf icon)

 

Effects of mining-associated lead and zinc soil contamination on native floristic quality by Struckhoff et al. Published (9-page PDF Adobe pdf icon)


Big River: Assessment of Mussels and Heavy Metals in Sediment (Roberts et al. 2009) Final 12-09 (6.6 MB Adobe pdf icon)

 

Big River Borrow Pit Monitoring Project by Owens et al. 2012 (3MB; 82-page PDF Adobe pdf icon)

 

Distribution, Geochemistry, and Storage of Mining Sediment in Channel and Floodplain Deposits of the Big River System in St. Francois, Washington, and Jefferson Counties, Missouri. Final Report June 18, 2010 (141-page PDF; 4MB Adobe pdf icon)

 

Effects of Metals on Crayfish in Big River, Missouri 2010 (Allert et al.)  Final 2010 (526 KB Adobe pdf icon)

 

Effects of Lead-Zinc Mining on Benthic Fish Density in Riffles of the Big River (McKee et al.)  Final 2010 (1.4 MB Adobe pdf icon)

 

Floristic Quality Assessment  (5.2 MB Adobe pdf icon) USGS Final Report 2009

 

Sediment Toxicity Report (Besser et al. 2009)  USGS Final Report 2009  (1 MB Adobe pdf icon)

 

Appendix A -- Sed Tox Report (Besser et al. 2009) (240 KB Adobe pdf icon)

 

Appendix B -- Sed Tox Report (Besser et al. 2009) (345 KB Adobe pdf icon)

 

 


 

 

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Last updated: January 16, 2014
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