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Habitat Conservation Plans In Development

Fowler Ridge Wind Farm in Indiana

Indiana Bat HCP

Indiana bat on a tree trunk.

Photo by Adam Mann


Fowler Ridge Wind Farm

Project sponsors are operating and expanding a wind farm on a 54,880-acre site near Fowler, Indiana in Benton County. Most of the site is open farm land, therefore, impacts to wildlife were expected to be minimal. However, wind turbines routinely kill bats and even on this open agricultural site, wind turbines have killed Indiana bats (an endangered species). Therefore, project sponsors applied to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service for an "Incidental Take" permit. The permit would allow "take" of Indiana bats that may result from normal operation of the wind farm. To receive a permit, project sponsors must prepare a Habitat Conservation Plan (HCP). An HCP details measures to minimize "take" of Indiana bats and to mitigate the "take" that cannot be avoided.


Project sponsors are BP Alternative Energy North America Inc., Sempra Generation, and Dominion Resources, Inc.


Notice of Availability: Final HCP, EIS and other Documents

January 17, 2014 

We received an application for an incidental take permit for the Fowler Ridge Wind Farm in Indiana. 


Under the Endangered Species Act, companies like Fowler Ridge may obtain a permit that allows limited take of threatened or endangered animals, provided an approved habitat conservation plan is in place. To receive an incidental take permit for Indiana bats at its project, Fowler Ridge must follow the approved habitat conservation plan designed specifically to reduce impacts to the Indiana bat.


The habitat conservation plan developed by Fowler Ridge includes measures for the long-term conservation of Indiana bats. The Fowler Ridge Wind Farm currently includes 355 wind turbines in Benton County, with plans for up to 94 additional turbines. Two occurrences of Indiana bat mortality have been discovered and reported by Fowler Ridge during surveys at the facility.


News Release (January 16, 2014): U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Announces final Habitat Conservation Plan for Indiana Wind Farm


Federal Register Notice of Availability (January 17, 2014): Final Environmental Impact Statement, Habitat Conservation Plan, Implementing Agreement, and
Programmatic Agreement, Fowler Ridge Wind Farm, Benton County, Indiana
(2-page PDF Adobe PDF Icon)


Fowler Ridge Wind Farm Final Habitat Conservation Plan (167-page PDFAdobe PDF icon; 1.5MB)

Appendix A: Fowler Ridge Wind Farm Fatality Monitoring Reports (377-page PDFAdobe PDF icon; 7MB)

Appendices B to J (74-page PDFAdobe PDF icon; 1.4MB)


Fowler Ridge Wind Farm Final Environmental Impact Statement (213-page PDFAdobe PDF icon; 3.2MB)

Appendix A: Notice of Intent (4-page PDFAdobe PDF icon)

Appendix B and C: (59-page PDFAdobe PDF icon; 4MB)

Appendix B: Public Scoping Comments

Appendix C: Agency Coordination

Appendix D: Bird and Bat Conservation Strategy (83-page PDFAdobe PDF icon; 1.5MB)

Appendices E to H: (34-page PDFAdobe PDF icon: 2MB)

Appendix E: Best Management Practices

Appendix F: Farmland Consversion Rating Impact Form (AD-1006)

Appendix G: Programmatic Agreement

Appendix H: Noise Modeling

Appendix I: Comments Received on the DEIS, DHCP and Responses (97-page PDFAdobe PDF icon)

Appendix J: Edits Resulting from Reduction in Permit Term Length (11-page PDFAdobe PDF icon)


Previous Actions

Draft HCP, EIS and other Documents (April 2013) 


News Release (April 4, 2013): U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Seeks Input on Draft Habitat Plan for Indiana Wind Farm


Questions and Answers


Federal Register Notice of Availability and Request for Comments (April 5, 2013)


Draft Environmental Impact Statement (375-page PDF; 9.9MB)


Draft Habitat Conservation Plan (165-page PDF; 1.5MB)

Appendices (A to I)


Draft Programmatic Agreement (Appendix F of the Draft EIS) (12-page PDF)


Draft Implementing Agreement (Appendix G of Draft HCP) (21-page PDF)


Scoping for preparation of EIS and Draft HCP (May 2011)

As part of the Incidental Take Permit process, project sponsors are preparing an Environmental Impact Statement and Draft Habitat Conservation Plan. A 30-day public scoping period that began with publication of a Notice of Intent in the Federal Register continued through June 23, 2011 for the purpose of receiving information and concerns from interested individuals, groups, and agencies.


News Release - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Seeks Input on Developing Indiana Bat Habitat Conservation Plan for Wind Facility in Benton County (May 25, 2011)


Federal Register - Notice of Intent To Prepare a Draft Environmental Impact Statement for a Proposed Habitat Conservation Plan and Incidental Take Permit (May 25, 2011)


Background Information


Fowler Ridge Wind Facility HCP - Project Background and Summary


Fowler Ridge Project Layout - Aerial Photo (PDF)


Midwest Wind Site - Information about the impact of wind development on wildlife and measures being taken to reduce those impacts



Midwest Habitat Conservation Plans

Midwest Endangered Species Home


Last updated: June 10, 2014