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Karner Blue Butterfly
Karner blue butterfly research:
Research on habitat use patterns by Karner blue adults, lupine demography, Karner blue monitoring protocols
List of significant findings:
U.S. Geological Survey
1100 N. Mineral Springs Road
Porter, IN 46304
219-926-8336, x 422
Publications after 2004 are available at
Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, and C. L. Sulzman. 1998. The effect of canopy cover and seasonal change on host plant quality for the endangered Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis). Oecologia 114:243-250.
Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, and C. L. Sulzman. 1998. Habitat use by the endangered Karner blue butterfly in oak woodlands: the influence of canopy cover. Biological Conservation 85:47-53.
Knutson, R. L., J. R. Kwilosz, and R. Grundel. 1999. Movement patterns and population characteristics of the Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. Natural Areas Journal 19:109-120.
Grundel, R., N. B. Pavlovic, and C. L. Sulzman. 2000. Nectar plant selection by the Karner blue butterfly (Lycaeides melissa samuelis) at the Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. American Midland Naturalist 144:1-10.
Grundel, R., and N. B. Pavlovic. 2007. Resource availability, matrix quality, microclimate, and spatial pattern as predictors of patch use by the Karner blue butterfly. Biological Conservation 135:135-144.
Pavlovic, N. B., and R. Grundel. In press. Reintroduction of Wild lupine (Lupinus perennis L.) depends on variation in canopy , competition, and litter cover. Restoration Ecology.
Last updated: January 3, 2013