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Ozark Hellbender

Cryptobranchus alleganiensis bishopi

 

The Ozark hellbender is a strictly aquatic amphibian found in Ozark streams of southern Missouri and northern Arkansas. This subspecies of hellbender is listed as endangered because a rapid decline in numbers and range have left only small, isolated populations. Also, the hellbenders (Cryptobranchus alleganiensis), including both the Ozark hellbender and the eastern hellbender, have been included in Appendix III of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) to protect both subspecies from declines due to international trade.

Ozark Hellbender

Photo by Missouri DOC; Jeff Briggler

 

Status: Endangered; Listed October 6, 2011 (links to PDF of the Federal Register final rule)

 

Habitat: Streams of the Ozark plateau in southern Missouri and northern Arkansas.

 

Lead Region: 3

 

Region 3 Lead Office: Columbia ES, Missouri Field Office

 

Range: Arkansas, Missouri

 

See and Hear!

Podcast

Sarah Leon talks to FWS biologist Trisha Crabill about Ozark hellbender life history and conservattion.

Audio Clip

 

 

Video

Hellbenders Rock! by the Center for Biological Diversity http://youtu.be/d9uxJZwlwNs 

 

Raising Hellbenders at the Saint Louis Zoo

 

 

 

Natural History Information

Ozark Hellbender Fact Sheet

 

Ozark Hellbender: Out from Under a Rock (PDF): pages 22 to 24 from the Endangered Species Technical Bulletin, Spring 2008.

 

Recovery

Ozark Hellbender Recovery Plan Outline (June 2012) (13-page PDF Adobe Acrobat icon)

 

World's First Captive Hellbender Breeding

 

Ozark Hellbender Action Plan (7-page PDF )

 

Listing Information

News Release (Oct. 5, 2011): U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Lists the Ozark Hellbender as Endangered and Moves to Include Hellbenders in Appendix III of CITES: Hellbenders are among the world’s largest salamanders

 

Summary of the Rule to List the Ozark Hellbender as Endangered (Oct. 2011)

 

Federal Register Final Rule (Oct. 6, 2011): Endangered Status for the Ozark Hellbender Salamander (94-pa

 

PDF)

 

Federal Register Final Rule (Oct. 6, 2011): Inclusion of the Hellbender, Including the Eastern Hellbender and the Ozark Hellbender, in Appendix III of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) (30-page PDF)

 


 

Midwest Endangered Species Home

 

Last updated: July 16, 2014