Malheur National Wildlife Refuge
Pacific Region
 

Refuge Bird List

Recreation Fishing Birding Mammal List Refuge Map Fishing Map Where to Stay

Search for the average arrival date for a specific species.

Season Symbols  

Sp

Spring              (March through May)

S

Summer            (June through August)

F

Fall                   (September through November)

May 15, 2008

Winter              (December through February)

Species Abundance Symbols

a

Abundant

c

Common, certain to be seen in suitable habitat

u

Uncommon, present but not certain to be seen

o

Occasionally seen

r

Rare, known to be present, but not every year

*

Birds known to nest locally



Common Name

*

Sp

S

F

W

Loons

Common Loon

 

u

   

u

Grebes

Pied-billed Grebe

*

c

c

c

u

Horned Grebe

*

u

u

r

 

Eared Grebe

*

c

c

c

r

Western Grebe

*

c

c

c

 

Clark’s Grebe

*

o

o

o

 

Pelicans

American White Pelican

*

a

a

a

 

Cormorants

Double-crested Cormorant

*

c

c

c

r

Bitterns, Herons and Egrets

American Bittern

*

c

c

c

r

Least Bittern

*

r

r

   

Great Blue Heron

*

c

c

c

u

Great Egret

*

c

c

c

 

Snowy Egret

*

u

u

u

 

Cattle Egret

*

r

r

r

 

Black-crowned Night-Heron

*

a

a

a

o

Ibises and Spoonbills

White-faced Ibis

*

c

c

c

 

New World Vultures

Turkey Vulture

*

c

c

c

 

Swans, Geese and Ducks

Greater White-fronted Goose

 

u

 

u

 

Snow Goose

 

a

r

a

r

Ross’s Goose

 

c

 

c

 

Canada Goose

*

a

a

a

a

Trumpeter Swan

*

u

u

u

u

Tundra Swan

 

a

r

a

u

Wood Duck

 

o

o

o

r

Mallard

*

a

a

a

c

Blue-winged Teal

*

u

u

o

 

Cinnamon Teal

*

a

a

c

r

Northern Pintail

*

a

u

a

u

Green-winged Teal

*

a

u

a

u

Northern Shoveler

*

a

c

a

o

Gadwall

*

a

a

a

u

Eurasian Wigeon

 

r

 

r

r

American Wigeon

*

a

u

a

u

Canvasback

*

c

u

c

o

Redhead

*

a

a

a

o

Ring-necked Duck

*

u

r

u

o

Greater Scaup

 

r

 

r

 

Lesser Scaup

*

c

u

c

u

Surf Scoter

     

r

r

White-winged Scoter

 

r

 

r

r

Common Goldeneye

 

c

 

c

c

Barrow’s Goldeneye

 

r

 

o

o

Bufflehead

 

c

r

c

u

Hooded Merganser

 

o

 

o

o

Common Merganser

*

c

u

c

u

Ruddy Duck

*

a

a

a

o

Osprey, Kites, Hawks and Eagles

Osprey

 

o

 

r

 

Bald Eagle

 

c

 

u

u

Northern Harrier

*

a

a

a

c

Sharp-shinned Hawk

 

u

 

u

o

Cooper’s Hawk

 

u

 

u

u

Northern Goshawk

 

o

 

o

o

Red-shouldered Hawk

 

r

r

r

 

Swainson’s Hawk

*

u

o

u

 

Red-tailed Hawk

*

c

c

c

c

Ferruginous Hawk

*

o

r

o

o

Rough-legged Hawk

 

a

 

a

a

Golden Eagle

*

c

c

c

c

Falcons and Caracaras

American Kestrel

*

u

u

u

o

Merlin

 

o

 

o

 

Peregrine Falcon

 

r

r

r

r

Prairie Falcon

*

u

u

u

u

Gallinaceous Birds

Chukar

*

c

c

c

c

Gray Partridge

*

r

r

r

r

Ring-necked Pheasant

*

c

c

c

c

Sage Grouse

*

u

u

u

r

Mountain Quail

*

r

r

r

r

California Quail

*

a

a

a

a

Rails

Virginia Rail

*

c

c

c

 

Sora

*

a

a

a

 

American Coot

*

a

a

a

u

Cranes

Sandhill Crane

*

a

a

a

 

Plovers

Black-bellied Plover

 

u

 

u

 

American Golden-Plover

 

r

 

r

 

Snowy Plover

*

u

u

u

 

Semipalmated Plover

*

u

 

u

 

Killdeer

*

c

c

c

o

Stilts and Avocets

Black-necked Stilt

*

u

u

u

 

American Avocet

*

c

c

a

 

Sandpipers and Phalaropes

Greater Yellowlegs

 

c

 

c

r

Lesser Yellowlegs

 

o

 

u

 

Solitary Sandpiper

 

o

 

o

 

Willet

*

c

c

c

 

Spotted Sandpiper

*

u

u

u

 

Whimbrel

 

r

     

Long-billed Curlew

*

c

c

c

 

Marbled Godwit

 

u

 

u

 

Ruddy Turnstone

 

r

 

r

 

Sanderling

 

o

 

o

 

Western Sandpiper

 

c

 

a

 

Least Sandpiper

 

c

 

c

 

Baird’s Sandpiper

 

o

 

u

 

Pectoral Sandpiper

 

r

 

u

 

Dunlin

 

u

 

u

 

Stilt Sandpiper

     

r

 

Long-billed Dowitcher

 

c

 

a

 

Common Snipe

*

c

c

c

o

Wilson’s Phalarope

*

c

c

a

 

Red-necked Phalarope

 

u

o

u

 

Skuas, Jaegers, Gulls and Terns

Parasitic Jaeger

     

r

 

Franklin’s Gull

*

c

c

u

 

Bonaparte’s Bull

 

u

r

u

 

Ring-billed Gull

*

a

c

a

r

California Gull

*

a

c

c

 

Herring Gull

 

r

 

r

r

Caspian Tern

*

u

u

u

 

Common Tern

 

r

 

r

 

Forster’s Tern

*

a

a

u

 

Black Tern

*

a

a

u

 

Pigeons and Doves

Rock Dove

*

 

o

   

Band-tailed Pigeon

 

o

o

r

 

Mourning Dove

*

c

c

c

 

Cuckoos and Anis

Yellow-billed Cuckoo

 

r

r

   

Barn Owls

Barn Owl

*

o

o

o

o

Typical Owls

Flammulated Owl

 

r

 

r

 

Western Screech-Owl

*

r

r

r

r

Great Horned Owl

*

c

c

c

c

Burrowing Owl

*

u

u

u

 

Long-eared Owl

*

o

o

o

o

Short-eared Owl

*

c

c

c

u

Northern Saw-whet Owl

 

o

 

o

r

Nightjars

Common Nighthawk

*

a

a

a

 

Common Poorwill

*

u

u

u

 

Swifts

Vaux’s Swift

 

o

 

o

 

Hummingbirds

Black-chinned Hummingbird

 

o

     

Calliope Hummingbird

 

o

     

Rufous Hummingbird

 

u

 

c

 

Kingfishers

Belted Kingfisher

*

u

u

u

u

Woodpeckers

Lewis’s Woodpecker

 

u

 

u

 

Red-naped Sapsucker

 

u

 

u

 

Red-breasted Sapsucker

 

r

 

r

 

Williamson’s Sapsucker

     

r

 

Downy Woodpecker

 

u

 

u

u

Hairy Woodpecker

 

u

 

u

u

Northern Flicker

*

c

c

c

c

Tyrant Flycatchers

Olive-sided Flycatcher

 

u

 

u

 

Western Wood-Pewee

*

c

r

c

 

Willow Flycatcher

*

c

c

c

 

Least Flycatcher

 

r

r

r

 

Hammond’s Flycatcher

 

r

 

r

 

Gray Flycatcher

*

u

u

u

 

Dusky Flycatcher

 

c

r

c

 

Cordilleran Flycatcher

 

u

 

u

 

Say’s Phoebe

*

c

c

c

 

Ash-throated Flycatcher

*

u

u

u

 

Western Kingbird

*

c

c

c

 

Eastern Kingbird

*

u

u

u

 

Shrikes

Northern Shrike

 

u

 

u

u

Loggerhead Shrike

*

c

c

c

u

Vireos

Cassin’s Vireo

 

u

 

u

 

Warbling Vireo

*

c

o

c

 

Red-eyed Vireo

 

r

r

r

 

Crows, Jays and Magpies

Steller’s Jay

 

r

 

r

r

Blue Jay

     

r

r

Clark’s Nutcracker

 

r

r

r

r

Black-billed Magpie

*

c

c

c

c

American Crow

*

c

u

c

o

Common Raven

*

a

a

a

a

Larks

Horned Lark

*

c

u

c

c

Swallows

Tree Swallow

*

a

c

a

 

Violet-green Swallow

*

c

o

c

 

Northern Rough-winged Swallow

*

c

u

c

 

Bank Swallow

*

u

u

u

 

Cliff Swallow

*

a

a

a

 

Barn Swallow

*

c

c

c

 

Titmice and Chickadees

Black-capped Chickadee

 

o

 

o

o

Mountain Chickadee

 

u

 

u

u

Bushtits

Bushtit

*

u

o

u

c

Nuthatches

Red-breasted Nuthatch

 

o

o

o

 

White-breasted Nuthatch

 

o

 

o

 

Pygmy Nuthatch

   

r

r

 

Creepers

Brown Creeper

 

u

 

u

 

Wrens

Rock Wren

*

c

c

c

u

Canyon Wren

*

u

u

u

u

Bewick’s Wren

*

r

r

r

r

House Wren

*

c

u

c

 

Winter Wren

 

u

 

u

r

Marsh Wren

*

a

a

a

u

Dippers

American Dipper

       

u

Kinglets

Golden-crowned Kinglet

 

u

 

c

o

Ruby-crowned Kinglet

 

a

 

a

o

Old World Warblers

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

*

r

r

   

Thrushes

Western Bluebird

 

u

 

u

 

Mountain Bluebird

*

c

r

c

o

Townsend’s Solitaire

 

u

 

u

u

Veery

 

r

 

r

 

Swainson’s Thrush

 

o

 

r

 

Hermit Thrush

 

u

 

u

 

American Robin

*

a

c

a

u

Varied Thrush

 

u

 

u

 

Mimic Thrushes

Gray Catbird

*

r

r

   

Northern Mockingbird

 

r

r

r

r

Sage Thrasher

*

c

c

c

r

Brown Thrasher

 

r

 

r

r

Wagtails and Pipits

American Pipit

 

c

 

c

o

Starlings

European Starling

*

a

c

a

u

Waxwings

Bohemian Waxwing

 

o

 

o

o

Cedar Waxwing

*

u

 

u

o

Wood Warblers

Tennessee Warbler

 

r

 

r

 

Orange-crowned Warbler

 

c

 

c

 

Nashville Warbler

 

u

 

u

 

Northern Parula

 

r

     

Yellow Warbler

*

a

a

a

 

Chestnut-sided Warbler

 

r

 

r

 

Magnolia Warbler

 

r

r

r

 

Cape May Warbler

 

r

r

r

 

Black-throated Blue Warbler

 

r

r

r

 

Yellow-rumped Warbler

 

a

 

a

r

Black-throated Gray Warbler

 

u

 

u

 

Townsend’s Warbler

 

u

 

u

 

Bay-breasted Warbler

 

r

r

r

 

Blackpoll Warbler

     

r

 

Black-and-white Warbler

 

r

     

American Redstart

 

o

 

o

 

Ovenbird

 

o

     

Northern Waterthrush

 

r

 

r

 

MacGillivray’s Warbler

 

u

 

u

 

Common Yellowthroat

*

c

a

c

 

Wilson’s Warbler

 

c

 

c

 

Yellow-breasted Chat

*

u

u

u

 

Tanagers

Western Tanager

 

c

 

c

 

Cardinals, Grosbeaks and Allies

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

 

r

     

Black-headed Grosbeak

*

u

 

u

 

Lazuli Bunting

*

u

r

o

 

Sparrows and Towhees

Green-tailed Towhee

 

o

r

o

 

Spotted Towhee

 

c

 

c

 

American Tree Sparrow

 

r

 

u

u

Chipping sparrow

*

c

u

u

 

Brewer’s Sparrow

*

a

a

a

 

Vesper Sparrow

 

c

c

   

Lark Sparrow

*

c

u

u

 

Black-throated Sparrow

*

r

r

   

Sage Sparrow

*

c

u

c

 

Savannah Sparrow

*

c

c

c

 

Fox Sparrow

 

u

 

u

 

Song Sparrow

*

c

c

c

c

Lincoln’s sparrow

 

u

 

u

 

White-throated Sparrow

 

r

 

r

 

Harris’s Sparrow

 

r

 

r

r

White-crowned Sparrow

 

a

 

a

o

Golden-crowned Sparrow

 

u

 

u

 

Dark-eyed Junco

 

c

 

c

u

Snow Bunting

       

r

Blackbirds and Orioles

Bobolink

*

u

u

u

 

Red-winged Blackbird

*

a

a

a

u

Western Meadowlark

*

c

c

c

 

Yellow-headed Blackbird

*

a

a

a

r

Brewer’s Blackbird

*

a

a

a

u

Great-tailed Grackle

*

r

r

r

r

Brown-headed Cowbird

*

c

c

u

 

Bullock’s Oriole

*

c

c

u

 

Finches

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch

     

r

r

Pine Grosbeak

     

r

r

Purple Finch

 

r

 

r

 

Cassin’s Finch

 

r

 

r

r

House Finch

*

c

c

c

r

Red Crossbill

   

r

r

 

Common Redpoll

       

r

Pine Siskin

 

u

 

u

 

Lesser Goldfinch

*

u

u

u

 

American Goldfinch

*

u

u

u

o

Evening Grosbeak

 

u

 

o

o

Old World Sparrows

House Sparrow

*

u

u

u

u

 

 

Last updated: April 23, 2010