The Service's Program Roles in Wind Energy Development
The Maine Field Office Conservation Planning Assistance Program (CPA) typically becomes involved in the review of potential wind energy developments in several ways. On public lands we get involved through the National Environmental Policy Act environmental compliance process. This may be as a cooperating agency or because of the Service's responsibilities under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, the Bald and Golden Eagle Protection Act, the Endangered Species Act, or because of the Agency's special technical expertise. CPA may also become involved in the review of potential wind energy developments on private lands if our technical expertise in addressing wildlife issues is requested in areas known to contain concentrations of migratory or breeding birds, and/or areas where bald and or golden eagles may breed, forage, or migrate. Frequently local communities and private citizens contact us for more information about wind power projects' impacts on fish and wildlife. Finally we become involved when the wind project is required to obtain other Federal permits, including Clean Water Act permits. In that case the lead Federal agency (e.g. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers) contacts us for technical assistance.