Wildlife & Habitat
Black bear eating grass Photo credit: Nancy Weston LPO Volunteer
Little Pend Oreille National Wildlife Refuge provides habitat for 206 species of birds, 58 mammal, 8 reptile, and 6 amphibian species. It is an important area for birds, particularly migratory songbirds. Forest bird communities include a mixture of eastern and western species. Cavity-dependent birds, such as woodpeckers, nuthatches, and chickadees are abundant. Bald eagles winter along the Little Pend Oreille River and nest at Bayley Lake.
Refuge lakes and marshes provide a spring and fall stopover point for migratory waterfowl. Nesting waterfowl include Canada geese, mallards, red-necked grebes, common goldeneyes, wood ducks, and common and hooded mergansers.
Species of special interest occurring on the Refuge include: golden eagle, northern goshawk, flammulated owl, Vaux swift, white-headed, pileated, Lewis and black-backed woodpeckers.
The Refuge provides habitat for the threatened Canada lynx and other forest carnivores, and critical winter range for white-tailed deer. During winter, deer migrate from the north, east, and south to the west side of the Refuge where the snow is not as deep as at higher elevations. The Refuge, in combination with adjacent public lands, provides for species that require large tracts of forest habitat.