Digest of Federal Resource Laws of Interest to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Federal Noxious Weed Act

Federal Noxious Weed Act -- Public Law 93-629 (7 U.S.C. 2801 et seq.; 88 Stat. 2148), enacted January 3, 1975, established a Federal program to control the spread of noxious weeds.

The Secretary of Agriculture was given the authority to designate plants as noxious weeds by regulation, and the movement of all such weeds in interstate or foreign commerce was prohibited except under permit. The Secretary was also given authority to inspect, seize and destroy products, and to quarantine areas, if necessary to prevent the spread of such weeds. He was also authorized to cooperate with other Federal, State and local agencies, farmers associations and private individuals in measures to control, eradicate, or prevent or retard the spread of such weeds.

Section 1453 of P.L. 101-624, the 1990 Farm Bill, enacted November 28, 1990 (104 Stat 3611) amended the Act by requiring each Federal land-managing agency to:

The law also requires that any environmental assessments or impact statements that may be required to implement plant control agreements must be completed within 1 year of the time the need for the document is established.

The legislative history of the amendment may be found in the conference report (H. Rept. 101-916) on the Farm Bill.

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