Digest of Federal Resource Laws of Interest to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service


Interstate Compacts


Interstate Water Apportionment

Water Pollution Control

Water Resources and Flood Control


Go to Table of Contents
Atlantic Salmon Compact -- Public Law 98-138, enacted October 28, 1983 (97 Stat. 866) provides congressional consent for the States of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont to enter into a compact for restoration of the Atlantic Salmon in the Connecticut River Basin. It establishes a Commission composed of 2 representatives from each State and the Northeast Regional Directors for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service, and enumerates the duties and authorities of the Commission.

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Interstate Water Apportionment


Alabama-Coosa-Tallapoosa (ACT) River Basin Compact -- Apportions the waters of the ACT drainage basin in the states of Georgia and Alabama. Creates a commission to promote interstate comity, remove causes of present and future controversies, equitably apportion the surface waters of the ACT, engage in water planning, and develop and share common data bases while protecting the water quality, ecology, and biodiversity of the basin. The ACT Basin Commission includes Alabama, Georgia, and the United States. (P.L. 105-105)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Animas-La Plata Project Compact -- Provides for storage and diversion of water from the Animas and La Plata River systems in Colorado and New Mexico, for utilization in the Animas-La Plata Project. (P.L. 90-537)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint (ACF) River Basin Compact -- Apportions the waters arising within the drainage basin of the ACF in the states of Alabama, Florida, and Georgia. Creates a commission to promote interstate comity, remove causes of present and future controversies, equitably apportion the surface waters of the ACF, engage in water planning, and develop and share common data bases while protecting the water quality, ecology, and biodiversity of the basin. The ACF Basin Commission includes Alabama, Florida, Georgia, and the United States. (P.L. 105-104)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Arkansas River Basin Compact of 1970 (Arkansas-Oklahoma) -- Apportions the waters of the Arkansas River basin, creates the Arkansas-Oklahoma Arkansas River Compact Commission to administer the apportionment agreement, encourages pollution abatement programs, and facilitates cooperation for total development and management of water resources in the river basin. (87 Stat. 569)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Arkansas River Compact of 1949 (Colorado-Kansas) -- Apportions the waters of the Arkansas River and creates the Arkansas River Compact Administration as the supervising agency. (63 Stat. 145-152)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Arkansas River Compact of 1965 (Kansas-Oklahoma) -- Apportions the waters of the Arkansas River basin, creates the Kansas-Oklahoma River Commission to administer the agreement, and encourages further pollution abatement programs in this river basin. (P.L. 89-789, 80 Stat. 1409)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Bear River Compact -- Apportions the waters of the Bear River and creates a commission to administer the compact among Idaho, Utah, and Wyoming. (72 Stat. 38)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Belle Fourche River Compact -- Apportions the waters of the Belle Fourche River, with particular emphasis on administering public water supplies in South Dakota and Wyoming. (58 Stat. 94)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Big Blue River Compact -- Creates the Kansas-Nebraska Big Blue River Commission for administration of the compact. Purposes are to promote interstate comity and equitable apportionment of waters in the river basin, to promote orderly development of water resources, and to continue active water pollution abatement programs in the party States. (92nd Congress, 86 Stat. 193)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


California-Nevada Interstate Compact -- Would establish a commission to administer water rights involving Lake Tahoe and the Carson, Truckee, and Walker Rivers. Both States have ratified the compact and are abiding by it even though Congress has not ratified it. Some of the issues involved were addressed in P.L. 101-618, the Fallon Paiute Shoshone Indian Tribes Water Rights Settlement Act of 1990. (P.L. 101-618, November 16, 1990; 104 Stat. 3289 - 3324)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Canadian River Compact -- Establishes the Canadian River Commission to allocate and apportion waters of the Canadian River in New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Texas. (64 Stat. 93; 66 Stat. 74)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Colorado River Compact -- Apportions the waters of the Colorado River basin. Congress in 1921 authorized seven States to negotiate the compact (Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming): six of them ratified the compact promptly but Arizona did not join until 1944. An amendment was adopted in 1925 to waive the requirement that all seven States approve. Congress accepted the revision in the 1928 Boulder Canyon Project Act which, however, required California's approval. California approved the amended compact in 1929. (45 Stat. 1057-64)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Connecticut River Compact -- Public Law 98-138, as amended, October 28, 1983 (97 Stat. 866) provided Congressional consent for the States of Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont to enter into a compact for restoration of the Atlantic Salmon in the Connecticut River Basin. It also established a Commission composed of two representatives from each State and the Northeast Regional Directors for the Fish and Wildlife Service and the National Marine Fisheries Service, and enumerated the duties and authorities of the Commission.

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Costilla Creek Compact -- Apportions the waters of Costilla Creek in Colorado and New Mexico and creates necessary administrative structure. In 1963 both States and Congress approved an amendment perfecting further utilization of the interstate waters. (60 Stat. 246; 77 Stat. 350)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Klamath River Compact -- Establishes the Klamath River Compact Commission to promote comprehensive development, conservation, and control of the resources of the Klamath River and to foster interstate comity between California and Oregon. (69 Stat. 613; 71 Stat. 497)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


La Plata River Compact -- Apportions the waters of the La Plata River between Colorado and New Mexico, and creates a joint commission to administer the compact. (43 Stat. 796)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Pecos River Compact -- Creates the Pecos River Commission to administer provisions for storage, division, and use of the waters of the river in New Mexico and Texas. (63 Stat. 159)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Red River Compact -- Provides for the equitable apportionment of the waters of the Red River and its tributaries among the States of Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, and Texas. (P.L. 96-564, December 22, 1980; 94 Stat. 3305)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Republican River Compact -- Creates the Republican River Compact Administration for the purpose of apportioning waters of the Republican River and its tributaries between Colorado, Kansas, and Nebraska. (P.L. 78-60)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Rio Grande Interstate Compact -- Creates the Rio Grande Interstate Compact Commission to administer the compact and to apportion the waters of the Rio Grande River between Colorado, New Mexico, and Texas. (53 Stat. 785)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Sabine River Compact -- Establishes the Sabine River Compact Commission to apportion the waters of the Sabine River and to plan, develop, and conserve the water resources of the river basin in Louisiana and Texas. (65 Stat. 736; 68 Stat. 690)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Snake River Compact -- Apportions the waters of the Snake River, and directs that the compact be administered through the official in each State (Idaho and Wyoming) who is responsible for public water supplies and the collection of necessary data. (62 Stat. 294; 64 Stat. 29)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


South Platte River Compact -- Apportions the waters of the South Platte River between Colorado and Nebraska. (44 Stat. 195)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Upper Colorado River Basin Compact -- Creates the Upper Colorado River Commission to administer apportionment of the waters of the upper Colorado River basin system and to promote agricultural and industrial development. (63 Stat. 31)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Upper Niobrara River Compact -- Apportions the waters of the Upper Niobrara River basin and the ground waters common to Nebraska and Wyoming. (83 Stat. 86)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Yellowstone River Compact -- Establishes the Yellowstone River Compact Commission to apportion the waters of the Yellowstone River among Montana, North Dakota, and Wyoming. (63 Stat. 152; 65 Stat. 663)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Water Pollution Control


Bi-State Metropolitan Development District Compact -- Missouri and Illinois (64 Stat. 568; 73 Stat. 582)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Compact -- Creates the New England Interstate Water Pollution Control Commission to abate pollution on interstate waters in the New England States and New York. Several member States subsequently adopted amendments to provide the commission with enhanced authority. (P.L. 80-292; 61 Stat. 682)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


New Hampshire-Vermont Interstate Sewage and Waste Disposal Facilities Compact -- Authorizes local governments and sewage districts in New Hampshire and Vermont to engage in programs for abatement of pollution through joint facilities for the disposal of sewage and other waste products. (90 Stat. 1221)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Compact -- Creates the Ohio River Valley Water Sanitation Commission for the purpose of maintaining waters in the river basin in a satisfactory sanitary condition available for safe use by public and private agencies and to maintain fish and aquatic life for recreational usage. (P.L 76-739; 54 Stat. 752)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Red River of the North -- Minnesota, South Dakota, and North Dakota. (52 Stat. 150; April 2, 1938)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Tennessee River Basin Water Pollution Control Compact -- Kentucky, Tennessee, and Mississippi. (72 Stat. 823; August 23, 1958) Return to List of Interstate Compacts
Tri-State Sanitation Compact -- Creates the Interstate Sanitation Commission in the joint boundary area of Connecticut, New Jersey, and New York to promote and enhance water quality standards. More recently, the Commission has served as the coordinating and planning agency for air quality control within the Tri-State boundary area. (Public Res. 62, 74th Congress, 49 Stat. 932)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Water Resources and Flood Control


Connecticut River Valley Flood Control Compact -- Creates the Connecticut River Valley Flood Control Commission and provides for financial reimbursement by downstream States for economic losses to political subdivisions in which flood control reservoirs are located. (67 Stat. 45) Return to List of Interstate Compacts
Delaware River Basin Compact -- Establishes the Delaware River Basin Commission as a regional multipurpose water resources agency involving the States of Delaware, New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. The United States is a party to the compact, as well as having granted Congressional consent to the agreement among States. (75 Stat. 688)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Great Lakes Basin Compact -- Creates the Great Lakes Basin Commission, an advisory body to the States on regional water resources matters, including comprehensive water use, economic development, and maintenance of high-quality environment. The involved States include: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. The compact originally contemplated participation by Canadian provinces, but Congress denied consent for that purpose. (82 Stat. 414)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Potomac Valley Compact -- Creates the Interstate Commission on the Potomac River Basin to preserve water quality and to conserve water and related land resources of the Potomac River basin. Involved States include: Maryland, Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia, as well as the District of Columbia. It should not be confused with the Potomac River Basin Compact, which failed to become operational after 10 years of vigorous promotion. In 1970, Congress approved amendments to the original compact that expanded the authority of the Commission. (54 Stat. 748; 84 Stat. 856)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Susquehanna River Basin Compact -- Creates a Federal-interstate administrative agency to engage in comprehensive planning, development, and management of water and related resources of the Susquehana River basin. States involved in the compact are: Maryland, New York, and Pennsylvania. The U.S. Government is a full member of the compact. (P.L. 91-575, 84th Congress)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Thames River Flood Control Compact -- Establishes the Thames River Valley Flood Control Commission to administer the compact and promotes cooperation in flood control and in the use of water resources of the Thames River basin. Connecticut and Massachusetts are party to the compact. (72 Stat. 364)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Wheeling Creek Watershed Protection & Flood Prevention Compact -- Establishes a Commission for the purpose of administering programs of flood control and preservation of natural resources and recreational facilities in the Wheeling Creek watershed. Pennsylvania and West Virginia are party to the compact. (81 Stat. 553)

Return to List of Interstate Compacts


Go to Table of Contents; Office of Congressional and Legislative Affairs; U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service