Foreign Assistance Act (22 U.S.C. 2151p - 2152d, as amended)--Conservation provisions of the Act require the United States to take a leadership role in policies relating to natural resources and the environment, and to cooperate with developing countries to achieve environmentally sound development.
Requires U.S. agencies with certain programs or projects in other countries to prepare environmental impact statements on the effects their actions will have on the environment and to prepare an environmental assessment of the effect of any proposed project or program. Stipulates that special attention is to be directed to the destruction of tropical forests and directs the U.S. to provide support to developing countries for training programs, educational efforts, research and other activities designed to expand the knowledge of these forests and identify methods to prevent their destruction.
Section 119, the endangered species section, contains provisions stating that an objective of U.S. development assistance should be the preservation of animal and plant species through the regulation of hunting and trade, limitations on pollution, and the protection of wildlife habitats. Authorizes the President to furnish assistance to developing countries to preserve biological diversity.
Authorizes the use and abilities of any relevant U.S. government agency to achieve these goals.
Public Law 99-529 (100 Stat. 3010) contained provisions to expand U.S. efforts to protect biological diversity and authorizes the Agency for International Development to cooperate and support the relevant efforts of other agencies, including the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Park Service, Forest Service, Peace Corps.
Public Law 101-167 (103 Stat. 1225), signed November 21, 1989, promotes the increased use of resources for training in reforestation and biodiversity, requires AID and the National Science Foundation to expend funds for an international biodiversity program, and requires AID to step up its global warming efforts.
Public Law 101-513, approved November 5, 1990, (104 Stat. 2031) made minor language changes.
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