The refuge is a managed as a highly-restricted marine protected area. Management goals include:
- Conserving, restoring, managing, and protecting native terrestrial habitats that are representative of remote tropical Pacific islands, primarily for the benefit of seabirds;
- Conserving, managing, and protecting native marine communities that are representative of remote tropical Pacific islands;
- Contributing to the recovery, protection, and management efforts for all native species with special consideration for seabirds, migratory shorebirds, federally listed threatened and endangered species, and species of management concern; and
- Protecting, maintaining, enhancing, and preserving the wilderness character of terrestrial and marine communities.