Wildlife & Habitat
wildlife & habitat includes:
Kīlauea Point National Wildlife Refuge is a visually stunning gift because of the plants and animals that live here. All over the world, wild places have been altered causing dramatic declines in native plants and animals. The National Wildlife Refuge system was established in 1903 to start conserving and recovering habitats and their wildlife populations. Currently the NWRS is the largest acreage of public lands and waters set aside for fish, wildlife, and plants in the world – with more than 150 million acres and at least 1 refuge in every state.
Kīlauea Point National Wildlife Refuge was established for the protection of threatened and endangered species as well as to stabilize this ecosystem for future generations.
Native Hawaiian coastal plants including: naupaka kahakai, ‘ilima, hala, ‘āheahea, ‘akoko, and others, have been restored on the refuge. In addition, an endangered plant restoration program is giving species such as the rare alula a chance to survive in Kīlauea Point's protected and managed environment.
Migratory birds such as the kōlea (Pacific golden plover), seabirds such as the mōlī (Laysan albatross), and nēnē, Hawai‘i's state bird are some of the wildlife that use this refuge. Koholā (humpback whales), ‘ilio holo i ka uaua (Hawaiian monk seals), and nai‘a (Hawaiian spinner dolphins) can also be observed here.