Kīlauea Point NWR is managed to:
- Protect and enhance migratory seabirds and endangered nēnē (Hawaiian goose) populations and their habitats;
- Preserve and maintain the historical integrity of the area, including the lighthouse and support facilities, which was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979;
- Conduct interpretation and environmental education activities on Hawaiian wildlife, site history, and the refuge system; and
- Protect and enhance native coastal plant communities.