A Home for Wildlife
The Refuge provides important habitat for thousands of migratory birds. Over 250 bird species are found here, including waterfowl, shorebirds, raptors, and songbirds. The Refuge is designated as a Globally Important Bird Area and is a regional site in the Western Hemisphere Shorebird Reserve Network.
Waterfowl commony seen nesting on or near Refuge wetlands include gadwalls, blue-winged teal, mallards, and Canada geese. Other water-dependant birds include American white pelicans, western and eared grebes, white-faced ibis, and black terns. Upland habitat is home to Sprague's pipits, Baird's and LeConte's sparrows, and upland sandpipers, along with sharp-tailed grouse, ring-necked pheasants, gray partridges, ruffed grouse, and wild turkeys.
Many mammals live on the Refuge as well. Beavers, minks, muskrats, raccoons, and weasels make their homes in and near the marshes. The upland and sandhill areas provide shelter for white-tailed deer, moose, coyotes, badgers, red foxes, porcupines, and snowshoe hares.