Current CITES Listings of Mahoganies

The official list of CITES species is maintained by the CITES Secretariat.  The Secretariat also maintains a species database with details of the listing and associated information.

Family Meliaceae

Mahogany family

Appendix

Annotation*

First listing date

Swietenia humilis

Honduras mahogany, Pacific coast mahogany

II

#4

7/1/75

Swietenia macrophylla, (Populations of the Neotropics only)

Bigleaf mahogany

II

#6

11/16/95

Swietenia mahagoni

American mahogany, Caribbean mahogany

II

#5

6/11/92


*CITES Annotations:
#4           Designates all parts and derivatives, except:

  • Seeds (including seedpods of the Orchidaceae family), spores and pollen (including pollinia). The exemption does not apply to seeds from Cactaceae species exported from Mexico, and to seeds from Beccariophoenix madagascariensis and Neodypsis decaryi exported from Madagascar;
  • Seedling or tissue cultures obtained in vitro, in solid or liquid media, transported in sterile containers;
  • Cut flowers of artificially propagated plants;
  • Fruits, and parts and derivatives thereof, of naturalized or artificially propagated plants of the genus Vanilla (family Orchidaceae) and of the family Cactaceae;
  • Stems, flowers, and parts and derivatives thereof, of naturalized or artificially propagated plants of the genera Opuntia subgenus Opuntia and Selenicereus (family Cactaceae); and
  • Finished products of Euphorbia antisyphilitica packaged and ready for retail trade.

#5           Designates logs, sawn wood and veneer sheets.
#6           Designates logs, sawn wood, veneer sheets and plywood.

Listings of Mahoganies in the CITES Appendices

Bigleaf mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla)
Appendix-II Listing – Effective November 15, 2003

  • 2002 (CoP12).  Guatemala and Nicaragua submitted a proposal pdf to list Neotropical populations of bigleaf mahogany in Appendix II, including logs, sawn timber, veneer sheets, and plywood.  Information documents concerning the proposed listing were submitted to CoP12 by Brazil pdf and Guatemala pdf. The proposal was adopted and the listing became effective one year after the meeting (i.e., November 15, 2003).  After the vote, the delegation of Brazil gave a statement pdf concerning the inclusion of bigleaf mahogany in Appendix II.   

Appendix-III Listings
The following countries listed bigleaf mahogany, including logs, sawn wood and veneer sheets, but not other parts or derivatives, from populations in the Americas, in Appendix III.

Previous Appendix-II Listing Proposals

  • 1997 (CoP10).  A proposal to include bigleaf mahogany from the Americas submitted by Bolivia and the United States was rejected.  It received a majority of the votes, but fell short of the required two-thirds majority by six votes.  Brazil offered to convene a working group on bigleaf mahogany to examine the status, management, and trade in this species, which was endorsed by the Parties.  Brazil also committed to include its population of bigleaf mahogany in Appendix III, which it subsequently did in 1998.
  • 1994 (CoP9).  The Netherlands proposed bigleaf mahogany for inclusion in Appendix II.  This proposal was rejected, falling short of the two-thirds majority required for adoption by six votes.  The CITES Timber Working Group (TWG) was created to assess implementation of timber species.
  • 1992 (CoP8).  Costa Rica and the United States separately proposed to list bigleaf mahogany and American mahogany in Appendix II.  The Costa Rican proposal was withdrawn in Committee.  The U.S. proposal was narrowed to include only the Central American populations, and was withdrawn after debate.

American mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni)

  • 1992 (CoP8).  American mahogany was listed in Appendix II effective June 11, 1992.

Honduras mahogany (Swietenia humilis)

  • 1992 (CoP8).  The United States proposed to revise the listing to exclude (a) non-native populations in the Old World and (b) wood from trees not in the native range, if transformed beyond the first stage.  The proposal was withdrawn.
  • 1975.  Honduras mahogany was included in Appendix II effective July 1, 1975.

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