Employee Pocket Guide
Office of External Affairs

Weights and Measures

Cubic Measure
1,728 cu. in. = 1 cu. ft.
27 cu. ft. = 1 cu. yd.
128 cu. ft. = 1 cord (wood)
2,150.42 cu. in. = 1 bushel
231 cu. in = 1 gallon
43,560 cu. ft. = 325,851 gal.

U.S. Weights
16 drams = 1 oz.
16 oz. = 1 lb.
2,240 lbs. = 1 ton (long)

Dry Measure
2 pints = 1 qt.
8 qt. = 1 peck
4 pecks = 1 bushel

Liquid Measure
8 oz. = 1 cup
2 cups or 4 gills = 1 pint
2 pints = 1 qt.
4 qt. = 1 gal.
31½ gal. = 1 barrel
325,851 gal. = 1 acre ft.
1 million gal. = 3.07 acre ft.

Linear Measure
12 inch = 1 foot
3 ft. = 1 yard
5½ yds. = 1 rod
40 rods = 1 furlong
5,280 ft. = 1 land mile
3 land miles = 1 league

 

Mariner’s Measure
6 ft. = 1 fathom
120 fathoms = 1 cable length
60,076.11 ft. = 1 naut. mile

Square Measure
144 sq. in. = 1 sq. ft.
9 sq. ft. = 1 sq. yd.
30¼ sq. yd. = 1 sq. rod
4,840 sq. yds. = 1 acre
43,560 sq. ft. = 1 acre
640 acres = 1 sq. mile

Metric Weights
1 gm. = 0.03527 oz.
1 oz. = 28.35 gm.
1 kg. = 2.2046 lbs.
1 lb. = 0.4536 kg.
1 Eng. ton.* = 0.9072 mt. tons
1 mt. ton. = 1.1023 Eng. ton*

*1 Eng. ton = 2,000 lbs. (short)
1 Eng. ton = 2,240 lbs. (long)
1 metric ton = 2,204.62 lbs.

Metric Linear
1 cm. = 0.3937 in.
1 in. = 2.54 cm.
1 ft. = 0.3048 mtr.
1 mtr. = 39.37 in.
1 yd. = 0.9144 mtr.
1 rod = 5.029 mtr.
1 km. = 0.621 mile
1 mile = 1.609 km.

Metric Square
1 sq. cm. = 0.1550 sq. in.
1 sq. in. = 6.452 sq. cm.
1 sq. ft. = 0.0929 sq. mtr.
1 sq. mtr. = 1.196 sq. yds.
1 sq. yd. = 0.8361 sq. mtr.
1 hectare = 2.47 acres
1 acre = 0.4047 ha.
1 sq. km. = 0.386 sq. mile
1 sq. mile = 2.59 sq. km.

Measure of Volume
1 cu. cm. = 0.061 cu. in.
1 cu. in. = 16.39 cu. cm.
1 cu. ft. = 0.0283 cu. mtr.
1 cu. mtr. = 1.308 cu. yds.
1 cu. yd. = 0.7646 cu. mtr.
1 liter = 1.0567 qt. liq.
1 qt. dry = 1.101 lit.
1 qt. liquid = 0.9463 lit.
1 liter = 1.0567 qt.
1 gal. = 3.78541 lit.
1 peck = 8.810 lit.
1 hectoliter = 2.8375 bush.

Temperature Conversions
Freezing water = 32˚ F, 0˚ C
Boiling water = 212˚ F, 100˚ C
To convert F˚ to C˚, subtract 32,
multiply by 5, and divide by 9.

To convert C˚ to F˚, multiply by 9,
divide by 5, and add 32.

Last updated: July 23, 2013
Employee Pocket Guide | Division of Human Capital | Index/Site Map
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Home Page | Department of the Interior  | USA.gov  | About the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service  | Accessibility  | Privacy  | Notices  | Disclaimer  | FOIA