U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Historic Preservation
Skip to main page content <
Historic Cabin at Kenai National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska Animated graphic that says - Learn, discover, protect
 

HISTORIC TRAILS
The Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail passing near Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge.
The Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail passing near Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge.

Many refuges also have hiking, water or auto trails that interpret historic properties along their routes, allowing visitors to maximize their outdoor recreational experiences. There are 15 National Historic Trails in the National Trail System, and seven of them have National Wildlife Refuges or National Fish Hatcheries along them or near them. Click on the trail name to see what USFWS property it is adjacent to.

Click here to see a map of historic trails and national wildlife refuges. (LARGE FILE - 44.1 MB PDF)

For more information on the FWS Refuge Roads Program and how it relates to Cultural Resources activities, please visit http://www.fws.gov/refuges/roads/ and click on "Transportation Enhancements". Please also visit our Links page.


For more information on the differing aspects of Heritage Tourism in the USFWS please see:

An Overview of National Historic Trails on USFWS lands (31.2 MB ppt)

Cultural Resources and Heritage Tourism in the USFWS (15.2 MB ppt)

Biological Considerations for Heritage Tourism in the USFWS (5.2 MB ppt)



National Historic Trails near or on FWS Lands    

California National Historic Trail
Bear Lake NWR (ID)
Cokeville Meadows NWR (WY)
Fallon NWR (NV)
Grays Lake NWR (ID)
Minidoka NWR (ID)
Modoc NWR (CA)
Ruby Lake NWR (CA)
Seedskadee NWR (WY)
Stillwater NWR (NV)
William L. Finley NWR (OR)

Applegate Trail
Clear Lake NWR (CA)
Lower Klamath NWR (CA, OR)
Tule Lake NWR (CA)

El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail
Bosque del Apache NWR (NM)
Sevilleta NWR (NM)

Iditarod National Historic Trail
Innoko NWR (AK)

Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail
Audubon NWR (ND
Benton Lake NWR (MT)
Big Muddy NFWR (MO)
Boyer Chute NWR (NE)
Charles M. Russell NWR (MT)
DeSoto NWR (IA, NE)
Dworshak NFH (ID)
Garrison Dam NFH (ND)
Gavins Point NFH (SD)
Julia Butler Hansen NWR (OR, WA)
Karl Mundt NWR (SD)
Lake Ilo NWR (ND)
Lee Metcalf NWR (MT)
Lewis and Clark NWR (OR)
Little White Salmon NFH (WA)
Long Lake NWR (ND)
McNary NWR (WA)
Oregon Islands NWR (OR)
Pocasse NWR (SD)
Pierce NWR (WA)
Ridgefield NWR (WA)
Squaw Creek NWR (MO)
Steigerwald Lake NWR (WA)
Swan Lake NWR (MO)
Umatillia NWR (OR, WA)
Willapa NWR (WA)

Nez Perce National Historic Trail
Kooskia NFH (ID)
Lee Metcalf NWR (MT)

Oregon National Historic Trail
Bear Lake NWR (ID)
Cokeville Meadows NWR (WY)
Deer Flat NWR (ID)
Minidoka NWR (ID)
Seedskadee NWR (WY)

Pony Express National Historic Trail
Fish Spring NWR (UT)
Ruby Lake NWR (NV)

Trail of Tears National Historic Trail
Chickasaw NWR (TN)
Cypress Creek NWR (IL)
Holla Bend NWR (AR)
Lower Hatchie NWR (TN)
Sequoyah NWR (OK)
Tennessee NWR (TN)
Wheeler NWR (AL)
White River NWR (AR)


National Scenic Trails

Appalachian National Scenic Trail
Wallkill River NWR (NJ, NY)

Florida National Scenic Trail
St. Marks NWR (FL)

North Country National Scenic Trail
Audubon NWR (ND)
Tamarac NWR (MN)

Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail
Featherstone NWR (VA) - proposed
Mason Neck NWR (VA) - proposed link via feeder route
Occoquan Bay NWR (VA) - proposed


National Recreation Trails


Arivaca Cienaga National Recreation Trail
Buenos Aires NWR (AZ)

Arivaca Creek National Recreation Trail
Buenos Aires NWR (AZ)

Brown Farm Dike National Recreation Trail
Nisqually NWR (WA)

Bulls Island National Recreation Trail
Cape Romain NWR (SC)

Chickasaw National Recreation Trail
Tennessee NWR (TN) - not listed in the RPI

Doeskin Ranch Trail System National Recreation Trail
Balcones Canyonland NWR (TX)

Dog Run Hollow National Recreation Trail
Wichita Mountains WR (OK)

Driggs River Nature Trail National Recreation Trail
Seney NWR (MI) This trail has been closed.

East Impoundment National Recreation Trail
John Heinz NWR at Tinicum (PA)

Florida Keys Overseas Heritage National Recreation Trail
National Key Deer Refuge

Ferguson Bayou Nature Trail National Recreation Trail
Shiawassee NWR (MI)

Icicle Creek Nature Trail National Recreation Trail
Leavenworth NFH (WA)

J. Clark Salyer Canoe Trail National Recreation Trail
J. Clark Salyer NWR (ND)

Lee Metcalf NWR Wildlife Viewing National Recreation Trail
Lee Metcalf NWR (MT)

Magnolia National Recreation Trail
St. Catherine Creek NWR (MS)

Mahnomen Wildlife Trail National Recreation Trail
Sherburne NWR (MN)

Meadowlark National Recreation Trail
Boyer Chute NWR (NE)

Mingo Boardwalk Nature Trail National Recreation Trail
Mingo NWR (MO)

Munch's Coulee National Recreation Hiking Trail
Des Lacs NWR (ND)

Oaks to Wetlands National Recreation Trail
Ridgefield NWR (WA)

Okefenokee Wilderness Canoe Route National Recreation Trail
Okefenokee NWR (GA)

Ottawa Wildlife Interpretive Trail National Recreation Trail
Ottawa NWR (NY) - listed as a road in the RPI

Painted Desert National Recreation Trail
Imperial NWR (AZ)

Pine Ridge Nature Trail National Recreation Trail
Seney NWR (MI)

Prairie-Marsh Boardwalk National Recreation Trail
Benton Lake NWR (MT)

Prairie Winds National Recreation Trail
Sand Lake NWR (SD)

Rocky Mountain Arsenal NWR Interior Trail System National Recreation Trail
Rocky Mountain Arsenal NWR (CO)

Rocky Mountain Arsenal NWR Wetlands Loop National Recreation Trail
Rocky Mountain Arsenal NWR (CO)

Rydell Refuge Trail System National Recreation Trail
Rydell NWR (MN)

Scuppernong River Interpretive Boardwalk National Recreation Trail
Pocosin Lakes NWR (NC)

Swan Lake Canoe Route National Recreation Trail
Kenai NWR (AK)

Swanson River Canoe Route National Recreation Trail
Kenai NWR (AK)

Tidelands National Recreation Trail
Don Edwards San Francisco Bay NWR (CA)

Two Ponds National Wildlife Refuge National Recreation Trail
Two Ponds NWR (CO)

Woodpecker Loop National Recreation Trail
William L. Finley NWR (OR)


Designated Scenic Byways Near Refuges     as of November, 2006

NAR = National Antelope Refuge
NWR = National Wildlife Refuge
NWFR = National Wildlife and Fish Refuge
WR = Wildlife Refuge
WMA = Wildlife Management Area
WMD = Wetland Management District


Alaska
Alaska Marine Highway All American Road
Alaska Maritime NWR
Kodiak NWR
Becharof NWR
Alaska Pennisula NWR
Izembek NWR

Arkansas
Great River Road - National Scenic Byway
Cache River NWR
Wapanocca NWR
White River NWR

Crowley's Ridge - National Scenic Byway
Big Lake NWR


California
Route 75 - Silver Strand Highway - State Scenic Byway
San Diego NWR

Volcanic Legacy Scenic Byway - All American Road
Tule Lake NWR
Lower Klamath NWR

Colorado
Cache le Poudre - State Scenic Byway
Arapaho NWR

Los Caminos Antiguos- State Scenic Byway
Alamosa NWR
Arapaho NWR
Baca Ranch NWR

Florida
Indian River Lagoon Scenic Highway - National Scenic Byway
Merritt Island NWR
Archie Carr NWR
Pelican Island NWR

Tamiami Trail Scenic Highway - National Scenic Byway
Ten Thousand Islands NWR

Florida Keys Scenic Highway - State Scenic Byway
Crocodile Lake NWR
Great White Heron NWR
National Key Deer Refuge

Idaho
Oregon Trail-Bear Lake Scenic Byway - State Scenic Byway
Bear Lake NWR

Pioneer State Historic Byway - National Scenic Byway
Grays Lake

International Selkirk Loop All-American Road
Kootenai NWR

Northwest Passage Scenic Byway - All-American Road
Dworshak NFH
Kookia NFH

Illinois
Great River Road - National Scenic Byway
Upper Mississippi NFWR
Middle River NWR
Two Rivers NWR

Indiana
Ohio River Scenic Byway - National Scenic Byway
Muscatatuck NWR - nearby

Iowa
Driftless Area - State Scenic Byway
Driftless NWR

Great River Road - National Scenic Byway
Upper Mississippi NFWR
Port Louisa NWR

Loess Hills Scenic Byway - National Scenic Byway
DeSoto NWR

Kansas
Wetlands and Wildlife National Scenic Byway
Quivira NWR

Louisiana
Creole Nature Trail - All-American Road
Sabine NWR
Cameron Prairie NWR

Bayou Teche - State Scenic Byway
Bayou Teche NWR

Maine
Schoodic Scenic Byway - National Scenic Byway
Petit Manan NWR

Maryland
Chesapeake Country Scenic Byway - National Scenic Byway
Eastern Neck NWR

Chesapeake Country Scenic Byway - State Scenic Byway
Blackwater NWR
Eastern Neck NWR
Martin NWR

Michigan
Woodward Avenue (M-1) - National Scenic Byway
Detroit River International WR

River Road Scenic Byway - National Forest Scenic Byway
Kirtland's Warbler WMA

Minnesota
Great River Road - National Scenic Byway
Crane Meadows NWR
Litchfield WMD
Mille Lacs NWR
Minnesota Valley NWR
Minnesota Valley WMD
Rice Lake NWR
Sherburne NWR
Upper Mississippi NFWR

Lake County Scenic Byway - State Scenic Byway
Tamarac NWR

Minnesota River Valley Scenic Byway - National Scenic Byway
Big Stone NWR

Mississippi
Lower Mississippi Great River Road National Scenic Byway
St. Catherine Creek NWR


Missouri
Little Dixie Highway of the Great River Road - National Scenic Byway
Great River NWR

Great River Road - State Scenic Byway
Clarence Cannon NWR

Montana
Missouri Breaks Back Country Byway - State Scenic Byway
Charles M. Russell NWR

Nebraska
Lewis and Clark Scenic and Historic Byway - State Scenic Byway
Boyer Chute NWR
DeSoto NWR

Sandhills Journey - State Scenic Byway
Crescent Lake NWR - nearby
Valentine NWR - nearby

Nevada
The Loneliest Road in America - State Scenic Byway
Stillwater NWR

Pyramid Lake Scenic Byway - National Scenic Byway
Anaho Island NWR

Great Basin State Scenic Byway (proposed extension)
Pahranagat NWR

New Hampshire/Vermont
Connecticut River National Scenic Byway
Silvio O. Conte

New Mexico
El Camino Real - National Scenic Byway
Sevilleta NWR
Bosque del Apache NWR

Santa Fe Trail - New Mexico - National Scenic Byway
Las Vegas NWR
Maxwell NWR

North Carolina
Alligator River Route - State Scenic Byway
Alligator River NWR
Mattamuskeet NWR
Pocosin NWR
Swanquarter NWR

Outer Banks Scenic Byway - State Scenic Byway
Cedar Island NWR
Pea Island NWR

Pamlico Scenic Byway - State Scenic Byway
Alligator River NWR

North Dakota
Des Lacs National Wildlife Refuge Backway - State Scenic Byway
Des Lacs NWR

Sheyenne River Valley Byway - National Scenic Byway
Hobart Lake NWR

Valley City National Fish Hatchery
Valley City WMD

Ohio
Lake Erie Coastal Ohio Trail National Scenic Byway
Ottawa NWR

Oregon
Charleston-Bandon State Scenic Tour Route
Bandon Marsh NWR
Oregon Islands NWR

High Desert Discovery State Scenic Byway and Tour Routes
Malheur NWR

Lakeview to Hart Mountain State Scenic Tour Route (proposed)
Hart Mountain NAR

Pacific Coast Scenic Byway - All-American Highway
Bandon Marsh NWR
Nestucca Bay NWR
Oregon Islands NWR
Siletz Bay NWR

Volcanic Legacy Scenic Byway - All American Road
Bear Valley NWR
Lower Klamath NWR
Upper Klamath NWR

Tennessee
Great River Road - State Scenic Byway
Chickasaw NWR
Lake Isom NWR
Lower Hatchie NWR
Reelfoot NWR

Utah
Dinosaur Diamond Prehistoric Highway - National Scenic Byway
Ouray NWR

Vermont
Lakes to Lock Passage, The Great Northeast Journey - All American Road
Missisquoi NWR - note: although the road is located in the state of New York, the national designation includes the refuge within its corridor management plan.

Washington
Columbia River Gorge Scenic Byway - State Scenic Byway
Franz Lake NWR
Pierce NWR
Steigerwald Lake NWR

Coulee Corridor - National Scenic Byway
Columbia NWR

Lewis and Clark Trail Byway - State Scenic and Historic Byway
McNary NWR

Pacific Coast Scenic Byway - State Scenic Byway
Copalis NWR
Flattery Rocks NWR
Grays Harbor NWR
Quillayute Needles NWR
Willapa NWR

Wisconsin
Great River Road - National Scenic Byway
Upper Mississippi NWFR

Wyoming
Big Springs Scenic Backway - State Scenic Byway
Cokeville Meadows NWR

Wyoming Centennial Scenic Byway - Wyoming State Byway
Wyoming Centennial Scenic Byway


 
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Logo National Wildlife Refuge System Logo Historic Preservation Home Contact Us link Sitemap link