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The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act of 1990 and the regulations (43 CFR Part 10) that allow for its implementation address the rights of lineal descendants, Indian tribes, and Native Hawaiian organizations (parties with standing) to Native American human remains, funerary objects, sacred objects and objects of cultural patrimony, cultural items. The statute requires Federal agencies and museums to provide information about Native American cultural items to parties with standing and, upon presentation of a valid claim, ensure the item(s) undergo disposition or repatriation.

NAGPRA required that USFWS complete a number of reports and submit them to tribes and the Department of the Interior through the National NAGPRA Programs.

Contact your Regional Historic Preservation Officer immediately upon the discovery of any human remains or associated objects.

Contact Mr. Eugene Marino, National NAGPRA Coordinator, 703-358-2173, for more information on NAGPRA and NAGPRA implementation in the USFWS.

Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act (NAGPRA) at a glance – Information illustrating how the Service can best deal with Native American objects found on its lands.
  • NAGPRA Guidance for OLE information for Office of Law Enforcement compliance with NAGPRA.
    (68 KB MS Word)

  • Tribal Consultation

    A large portion of the USFWS NAGPRA consists of consulting with Native American tribes that were historically located on lands currently managed by USFWS. (Native American Consultation Policy (686 KB PDF)) Federally recognized Indian tribes are sovereign nations exercising government-to-government relations with the United States. Where the public lands are concerned, these relations usually take the form of legally required consultation, and in most day-to-day consultations with tribes. For USFWS, the essential reason for Native American consultation is to identify the cultural values, the religious beliefs, the traditional practices, and the legal rights of Native American people, which could be affected by USFWS actions on Federal lands, including cultural resources activities. Tribal consultation regarding public-land activities has 4 essential elements:
    • Identifying appropriate tribal governing bodies and individuals from whom to seek input.

    • Conferring with appropriate tribal officials and/or individuals and asking for their views regarding land use proposals or other pending USFWS actions that might affect traditional tribal activities, practices, or beliefs relating to particular locations on public lands.

    • Treating tribal information as a necessary factor in defining the range of acceptable public-land management options.

    • Creating and maintaining a permanent record to show how tribal information was obtained and used in the USFWS decision making process.
    For more information, see the USFWS Native American coordination and consultation policy. Also see the USFWS Native American Liaison Web site for more information.

    Region 1
    Hawaii, Idaho, Oregon, Washington

    Native American Liaison
    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    Eastside Federal Complex
    911 N.E. 11th Avenue
    Portland, Oregon 97232-4181
    Pat Gonzales-Rogers - 503.231.6123

    Region 2
    Arizona, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Texas

    Native American Liaison
    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    500 Gold Avenue, S.W.
    Albuquerque, New Mexico 87103
    Joe Early - 505.248.6602

    Region 3
    Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan,
    Minnesota, Missouri, Ohio, Wisconsin

    Native American Liaison
    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    One Federal Drive
    Fort Snelling, Minnesota 55111-4056
    John Leonard - 612.713.5108

    Region 4
    Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi,
    North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee

    Native American Liaison
    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    1875 Century Boulevard, Suite 410
    Atlanta, Georgia 30345
    Kyla Hastie - 404.679.7125

    Region 5
    Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Jersey,
    New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont,
    Virginia, West Virginia

    Native American Liaison
    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    300 Westgate Center Drive
    Hadley, Massachusetts 01035-9589
    D.J. Monette - 413.253.8662

    Region 6
    Colorado, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota,
    South Dakota, Utah, Wyoming

    Native American Liaison
    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    PO Box 25486
    Denver Federal Center
    Denver, CO 80225-0486
    Kim Greenwood - 303.236.4575

    Region 7

    Native American Liaison
    U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
    1011 East Tudor Road
    Anchorage, Alaska 99503-6199
    Sue Detwiler - 907.786.3868

    Region 8
    California, Nevada

    Tribal Partnerships Specialist
    Habitat Restoration Division
    2800 Cottage Way, Room W-2606
    Sacramento, CA
    David Wooten - 916.414.6576

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