Transportation Planning - Integrating Conservation
Habitat and Resource Conservation
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Photo Credit:Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe
Photo of a bridge. Credit:  Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribe

The Fish and Wildlife Service recognizes the critical role transportation plays in the economic and ecological well-being of human communities. Transportation projects influence the character of a region by the number of people and the type and amount of goods and service that it transports. Transportation designs can influence the plant, fish and wildlife habitat and the ecological health of the United States. The Service encourages the design of transportation projects that provide the greatest value to the greatest number of people while avoiding or minimizing impacts to habitat and to the disruption of the ecological processes that naturally sustain these areas.

Photo credit: Caltrans District 11
Photo of a corridor study.   photo credit to Caltrans District 11

The Service's Conservation Planning Assistance Program develops policy and products to help facilitate and guide the agency's role in transportation planning.  The Conservation and Planning Assistance Program does this in a variety of ways.  By gaining a better understanding of local transportation needs, the Service provides technical information that enables State Departments of Transportation and local transportation planning organizations to develop alternatives with minimal environmental impacts.  Through a streamlined environmental review process, Service participation in transportation planning includes:

  • Involvement in statewide/metropolitan planning process or State transportation plans (STPs);
  • Sharing information on current events and issues related to environmental protection and transportation planning;
  • Identifying and promoting innovative practices that protect natural resources;
  • Identifying and promoting innovative practices that streamline the environmental review process; and
  • Promoting partnerships with other Federal, State, and local governments and non-governmental organization to address the efforts above.

For a list of Fish and Wildlife transportation contacts in your area please click here:

Fish and Wildlife Service Transportation Contacts

or contact Catherine Liller, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, National Transportation Liaison.
phone: 303-236-4318.

Photo credit: Alice M. Bard, Florida Park Service
Phot of car on a road. Credit:  Alice M. Bard, Florida Park Service




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FHWA Resource Center Environmental Quarterly

Winner Announced for the Transportation Environmental Stewardship Excellence Award


Strategic Habitat Conservation

Federal Highway Administration’s “Eco-Logical:  An Ecosystem Approach for Developing Infrastructure Projects

Federal Highway Administration's Environmental Streamlining

Federal Highway Administration's Environmental Review Toolkit

Surface Transportation Environment and Planning Cooperative Research Program (STEP)

Federal Highway Administration's Nationwide ESA Web Tool


Highlights of SAFETEA-LU Environmental Provisions

Fish and Wildlife Service NEPA Reference Handbook

Federal Highway Administration’s Online NEPA Community of Practice

Handbook on Departmental Review of Section 4(f) Evaluations

Federal Highway Administration’s Section 4f Policy

Fish and Wildlife Service and National Marine Fisheries Service’s Consultation Handbook - Procedures for Conducting Consultation and Conference Activities Under Section 7 of the Endangered Species Act

Federal Highway Administration National BA Template

Federal Highway Administration National BA Template Instructions


Last updated: January 9, 2012
Fisheries and Habitat Conservation
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