Habitat and Resource Conservation
Ecological Services

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The Conservation Planning Assistance program works directly with other federal agencies and programs, as well as the American public, on infrastructure development projects to protect the environment and preserve our Nation's biological, terrestrial and aquatic natural resources. Learn more. For Sikes Act Information.

The Coastal Barrier Resources Act (CBRA) of 1982 established the John H. Chafee Coastal Barrier Resources System, comprised of undeveloped coastal barriers along the Atlantic, Gulf, and Great Lakes coasts. The law encourages the conservation of these hurricane prone, biologically rich coastal barriers by restricting within the System, federal expenditures funds that encourage development, such as federal flood insurance through the National Flood Insurance Program. Learn more.  

The Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) directs the Service to conserve and manage sea and marine otter, walrus, polar bear, manatee, and dugong. The Service does this by working with partners to conduct population censuses, gather biological information, rescue and rehabilitate stranded and/or injured marine mammals, develop conservation and management plans, promulgate regulations prescribing permissible means to carry out activities that incidentally take marine mammals, and create national and international management agreements. Learn more.

The National Wetlands Inventory (NWI) produces information on the characteristics, extent, and status of the nation’s wetlands and deepwater habitats. The National Wetlands Inventory information is used by federal, state, and local agencies; academic institutions; U.S. Congress; and the private sector. Congressional mandates in the Emergency Wetlands Resources Act requires the Service to map wetlands, and to digitize, archive and distribute the maps. Learn more.

Photo credit:  USFWS

The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service has many programs that are implemented at the field level to promote the protection, conservation, and restoration of our nation's fish and wildlife resources. The activities implemented under these programs focus on improving and maintaining the quality of fish and wildlife habitats. This includes providing expert habitat conservation planning and technical assistance on issues such as renewable energy development and large scale transportation projects, mapping, inventorying and monitoring the nation's wetlands, and addressing data needs through the formulation of resource data bases.





Last updated: May 1, 2014


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