Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge
Conserving the Nature of America

Hunting at Grand Bay NWR

The National Wildlife Refuge System seeks to provide quality recreational opportunities for all visitors. When these activities are found to be compatible with the habitat management strategies of the refuge, the Fish and Wildlife Service visitor priorities are: (in no particular order) Wildlife Photography and Observation, Environmental Education, Meaningful interpretation of our wild places, Hunting and Fishing.

Areas open to these activities are managed for both humans and wildlife. Special considerations are taken to insure quality experiences while minimizing unnecessary disturbances to wildlife.

Grand Bay NWR puts out an annual hunting brochure. To legally hunt the refuge, you must acquire a new copy of the brochure each year and sign and carry the permit/brochure with you at all times on the refuge. Permits expire each June. You can contact us to receive a copy of the brochure/permit or print it here:


General Regulations

The regulations listed here and in the brochure supplement the general regulations which govern hunting on refuge areas as set forth in Title 50, Code of Federal Regulations. State bag limits, arms, ammunition and other applicable State laws and regulations apply.

You must unload and encase or dismantle all firearms before transporting them in a vehicle or boat within the boundaries of the refuge or along rights-of-way for public or private land within the refuge.

Each hunter must have in his/her possession a current, signed copy of the Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge Hunting Permit while participating in refuge hunts.

Hunters under the age of 16 must have passed a State approved hunter education course, must be supervised by an adult 21 years of age or older and must remain in sight and normal voice contact with the adult. The adult may supervise no more than two youths.

The refuge is a day-use area only with the exception of legal hunting activities. We prohibit the use of all-terrain vehicles, mules and horses on all refuge hunts. We also prohibit target practice on refuge property.


Big Game Hunting

We allow hunting of white-tailed deer and feral hog on designated areas of the refuge subject to State regulations and the following conditions:

Hunting is permitted with bow and arrow only, no firearms are allowed. The use of poisonous arrows is prohibited.
Archery Feral Hog hunting is permitted only during refuge deer hunts.
We prohibit the use or construction of any permanent tree stand. We allow portable and climbing stands, but they must be removed when not in use.
You may not hunt by organized deer drives of two or more hunters. The definition of a drive is: the act of chasing, pursuing, disturbing, or otherwise directing deer so as to make the animals susceptible to harvest.
The use of dogs for deer and feral hog hunting is prohibited.

Migratory Game Bird Hunting

We allow hunting of geese, ducks, coots and mourning doves on designated areas of the refuge subject to State regulations and the following conditions:

Hunting of waterfowl is allowed from 30 minutes before sunrise until noon on Saturday, Sunday, Wednesday and Thursday. Waterfowl hunters may access the refuge two hours before daylight.
You may use only portable or temporary blinds.
You must remove portable or temporary blinds and decoys from the refuge by 1pm.
You may possess only approved nontoxic shot while hunting waterfowl in the field.
Retrievers are allowed for waterfowl hunting. All dogs are required to wear a collar displaying the owner's name, address and telephone number.

Upland Game Hunting

We allow hunting of squirrel on designated areas of the refuge subject to State regulations and the following conditions:

All shotgun ammunition must meet legal shot-size requirements and be federally approved non toxic shot. Only .22 rimfire are permitted.