Little White Salmon
National Fish Hatchery Complex
56961 State Route 14
Cook, WA 98605
Little White Salmon NFH Manager - currently vacant
The Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery was a pioneer in the fledgling
science of salmon propagation when it began rearing salmon in 1896. During the
past 100 years, the facilities and the propagation methods have changed dramatically
and research is on-going. Today, more than 9.4 million young salmon are released
into the river or transferred to other sites for release each year. The Little
White Salmon River provides the cold, clean source of river water in which salmon
are incubated and raised for 6 to 18 months.
Spring, Up-river bright, tule fall Chinook and coho salmon produced at the
Little White Salmon National Fish Hatchery contribute significantly the salmon
harvested by sport fishers in the Columbia River, particularly in Drano Lake. An underwater viewing area, and wildlife viewing opportunities make the hatchery
a favorite for visitors year-round. Chinook and coho can be seen spawning in
the river below the hatchery, particularly in the fall.
Reimbursable funds from other agencies accounted for a majority of the operational budget at the Little White Salmon/Willard National Fish Hatchery Complex with most of these funds (46.3% in fiscal year 2009) coming from NOAA - Fisheries Mitchell Act appropriation. These funds reimburse the operating agencies (in this case the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service) for fish production to mitigate for fish losses associated with the operation of hydroelectric dams on the Columbia River. Remaining reimbursable funds are for fish reared for specific programs such at the Bonneville Power Administration reimbursed Mid-Columbia Coho Reintroduction (Wenatchee Basin) Project (cost share with Mitchell Act), U.S. Army Corps of Engineers John Day mitigation program, and the Grant County PUD-funded White River Recovery program. Additional funds were received from the Service's deferred maintenance account to help correct maintenance deficiencies at both Little White and Willard NFH.