Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge
Southeast Region
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Species Lists

Baby deer on Florida Panther NWR.Credit: USFWS

Baby deer on Florida Panther NWR.Credit: USFWS

The following are lists of confirmed and probable species that can be found on Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge:

Mammals | Orchids | Birds | Plants | Amphibians/Reptiles



  • Common opossum (Didelphis marsupialis)
  • Shorttail shrew (Blarina brevicauda)
  • Eastern mole (Scalopus aqauticus +)
  • Eastern pipistrelle bat (Pipistrellus subflavus)
  • Evening bat (Nycticeius humeralis +)
  • Seminole bat (Lasiurus seminolus +)
  • Yellow bat (Lasiurus intermedius +)
  • Armadillo (Dasypus noverncintus)
  • Marsh rabbit (Sylvilagus palustris)
  • Eastern cottontail rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus)
  • Eastern gray squirrel (Sciurus carolinensis)
  • Big Cypress fox squirrel (Sciurus niger avicennia)
  • Hispid cotton rat (Sigmodon hispidus)
  • Black rat (Rattus rattus +)
  • Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • Rice rat (Oryzomys palustris)
  • Florida water rat (Neofiber allenii)
  • Spotted skunk (Spilogale putorius)
  • Striped skunk (Mephitus mephitus +)
  • Everglades mink (Mustela vison evergladensis +)
  • Long-tailed weasel (Mustela frenata +)
  • River otter (Lutra canadensis +)
  • Raccoon (Procyon lotor)
  • Florida black bear (Ursus americanus floridanus)
  • Florida panther (Felis concolor coryii)
  • Bobcat (Lynx rufus)
  • Coyote (Canis latrans)
  • Grey fox (Urocyon cinereoargentus)
  • White-tailed deer (Odocoileus virinianus)
  • Feral hog (Sus scrofa *)

+ = Occurs in immediate area or county
* = Introduced species



Butterfly Orchid.Credit: USFWS

Butterfly Orchid.Credit: USFWS

  • Pine-pink T (Bletia purpurea) V
  • Grass pink (not listed) (Calopogon tuberosus) V
  • Many flowered grass-pink (Calopogon multiflorus) P
  • Cowhorn (Cigar) orchid (Cyrtopodium punctatum) V
  • Shell (Clamshell) orchid (Encyclia cochleata) V
  • Dwarf epidendrum (Encyclia pygmaea) V
  • Butterfly orchid (Encyclia tampensis) V
  • Acuna's epidendrum (Epidendrum acunae (=blancheanum)) V
  • Dingy-flowered epidendrum (Epidendrum anceps) V
  • Unbelled epidendrum (Epidendrum difforme(=floridense?)) V
  • Night-scented orchid (Epidendrum nocturnum) V
  • Rigid epidendrum (Epidendrum rigidum) V
  • Matted epidendrum (Epidendrum strobiliferum) V
  • Ground (wild) coco T (Eulophia alta) V
  • Rein orchid (unnamed) (Habenaria distans) P
  • Threadroot (extended) orchid (Harrisella filiformis) V
  • Delicate ionopsis; violet orchid (Ionopss utriculariodes) V
  • Lipped (Smooth lip) orchid (Leochilus labiatus) V
  • Harris' tiny orchid (Lepanthopsis melanantha) V
  • Shiny-leaf orchid (Liparis nervosa) V
  • Hidden orchid (Maxillaria crassifolia) V
  • Florida oncidium (Oncidium ensatum (=floridanum)) V
  • Mule-ear orchid (Oncidium undulatum (=luridium)) P
  • Snowy orchid; bog torch (Plantanthera nivea) V
  • Frosted-flower (Frosted) orchid (Pleurothallis gelida) V
  • Ghost orchid (Polrrhiza (=Polyradicon) lindenii) V
  • Pale-flowered polystachia (Many-spiked orchid) (Polystachia concreta (=flavenscens)) V
  • Leafless beaked orchid (2 var., not listed) (Spiranthes (=Sacoila) lanceolata) V
  • Lace-lip ladies tresses T (Spiranthes lacinata) V
  • Fragrant ladies tresses (not listed) (Spiranthes odorata) P
  • Leafy vanilla (Vanilla pheantha) V
  • Commercial vanilla (Vanilla planifolia (=mexicana)) V
  • Unknown species found in the Fakahatchee Strand (Vanilla Sp.) V

* All are considered Endangered by the Florida Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services unless followed by a T, indicating that they are threatened, or followed by the notation: not listed. None are listed on the Federal plant list.

List obtained by cross referencing Fish and Game State Endangered/Threatened List and Luer, Carlyle A., The Native Orchids of Florida and by consultation with Dr. John Beckner of the Selby Gardens Research Center.

V = verified presence by Refuge personnel, Dan Austin, Vascular Plant List of Fakahatchee Strand State Park, or Carlyle A. Luer, The Native Orchids of Florida.
P = possible presence as described in ranges, Carlyle A. Luer, The Native Orchids of Florida.



Great Blue Heron.Credit: USFWS

Great Blue Heron.Credit: USFWS

P = probable occurrence

Grebes (Family Podicipedidae)

  • Pied-billed Grebe (Podilymbus podiceps)

Pelicans (Family Pelicanidae)

  • American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Anhingas (Family Anhingidae)

  • Anhinga (Anhinga anhinga)

Comorants (Family Phalacrocoracidae)

  • Double-crested Cormorant (Phalacorcorax auritus)

Herons (Family Ardeidae)

  • Least Bittern (Ixobrychus exilis)
  • American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus)
  • Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)
  • Yellow-crowned Night-heron (Nyctanassa violacea)
  • Green-backed Heron (Butorides striatus)
  • Tricolored Heron (Egretta tricolor)
  • Little Blue Heron (Egretta caerulea)
  • Cattle Egret (Bubulcus ibis)
  • Snowy Egret (Egretta thula)
  • Great Egret (Casmerodius albus)
  • Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias)

Storks (Family Ciconiidae)

  • Wood Stork (Mycteria americana)

Ibises, Spoonbills (Family Threskiornithidae)

  • Glossy Ibis (Plegadis falcinellus)
  • White Ibis (Eudocimas albus)
  • Roseate Spoonbill (Ajaia ajaja)

Cranes (Family Gruidae)

  • Sandhill Crane (Grus canadensis)

Ducks (Family Anatidae)

  • Mottled Duck (Anas fulvigula)
  • Green-Winged Teal (Anas crecca)
  • American Wigeon (Anas americana) P
  • Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) P
  • Blue-winged Teal (Anas discors)
  • Fulvous Whistling Duck (Dendrocygna bicolor) P
  • Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)
  • Ring-necked Duck (Aythya collaris)
  • Hooded merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)

Limpkin (Family Aramidae)

  • Limpkin (Aramus guarana)

Rails, Gallinules, Coots (Family Rallidae)

  • King Rail (Rallus elegans)
  • Virginia Rail (Rallus limicola) P
  • Sora (Porzana carolina) P
  • Purple Gallinule (Porphyrula martinica)
  • Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus)
  • American Coot (Fulica americana)
  • Black-necked Stilt (Himantopus mexicanus)

Plovers (Family Charadriidae)

  • Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Sandpipers (Family Scolopacidae)

  • Greater Yellowlegs (Tringa melanoleuca)
  • Lesser Yellowlegs (Tringa flavipes)
  • Spotted Sandpiper (Actitis macularia) P
  • Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago)
  • Western Sandpiper (Calidris mauri) P
  • Least Sandpiper (Calidris minutilla) P

American Vultures (Family Cathartidae)

  • Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)
  • Black Vulture (Coragyps atratus)

Kites, Hawks, Eagles (Family Accipitridae)

  • Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus ieucocephalus)
  • American Swallow-tailed Kite (Elanoides forficatusi)
  • Snail Kite (Rostrhamus sociabilis)P
  • Northern Harrier (Circus cyaneus)
  • Sharp-shinned Hawk (Accipter striatus)
  • Cooper's Hawk (Acipter cooperii)
  • Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)
  • Broad-winged Hawk (Buteo platypterus)
  • Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)
  • Short-tailed Hawk (Buteo brachyurus)
  • Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

Falcons (Family Falconidae)

  • American Kestrel (Falco sparverius paulus)
  • Merlin (Falco columbarius) P
  • Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus)

Grouse, Ptarmigans (Family Phasianidae)

  • Northern Bobwhite (Colinus virginianus)
  • Wild Turkey (Meleagris gallopavo)

Pigeons, Doves (Family Columbidae)

  • Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)
  • Common Ground-Dove; (Columbina passerina)

Cuckoos, Anis (Family Cuculidae)

  • Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)

Owls (Families Tytonidae and Strinidae)

  • Barn Owl (Tyto alba) P
  • Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)
  • Barred Owl (Strix varia)
  • Eastern Screech-Owl (Otus asio)

Nightjars (Family Caprimulgidae)

  • Chuck-will's-widow (Caprimulgus carolinensis)
  • Whip-poor-will (Caprimulgus vociferus)
  • Common Nighthawk (Chordeiles minor)

Swifts (Family Apodidae)

  • Chimney Swift (Chaetura pelagica)

Hummingbirds (Family Trochilidae)

  • Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)

Kingfishers (Family Alcedindae)

  • Belted Kingfisher (Ceryle alcyon)

Woodpeckers (Family Picidae)

  • Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)
  • Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)
  • Red-headed Woodpecker (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)
  • Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)
  • Red-Cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis) P
  • Downy Woodpecker (Picoides pubescens)
  • Hairy Woodpecker (Picoides villosus)
  • Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Tyrant Flycatchers (Family Tyrannidae)

  • Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)
  • Gray Kingbird (Tyrannus dominicensis) P
  • Western Kingbird (Tyrannus verticalis)
  • Great Crested Flycatcher (Myiarchus crinitus)
  • Eastern Wood-Pewee (Contopus virens)
  • Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)

Empidonax Flycatchers

  • Willow Flycatcher (Empidonax traillii)

Swallows (Family Hirundinidae)

  • Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)
  • Purple Martin (Progne subis) P
  • Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis) P

Jays, Crows, Magpies (Family Corvidae)

  • Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)
  • American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)
  • Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus)

Titmice, Chikadees (Family Paridae)

  • Tufted Titmouse (Parus bicolor)

Nuthhatches (Family Sittidae)

  • Brown-headed Nuthatch (Sitta pusilla) P

Wrens (Family Troglodytidae)

  • House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)
  • Winter Wren (Troglodytes troglodytes)
  • Carolina Wren (Thryothorus ludovicianus)
  • Marsh Wren (Cistithorus palustris) P

Thrushes (Family Musicapidae)

  • Ruby-crowned Kinglet (Regulus calendula)
  • Blue-gray Gnatcatcher (Polioptila caerulea)
  • Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)
  • Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)
  • Wood Thrush (Hylocichla mustelina)
  • Swainson's Thrush (Catharus ustulatus)
  • American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Shrikes (Family Laniidae)

  • Loggerhead Shrike (Lanius ludovicianus)

Mimic Thrushes (Family Mimidae)

  • Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)
  • Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos)
  • Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

Waxwings (Family Bombycillidae)

  • Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

Vireos (Family Vireonidae)

  • White-eyed Vireo (Vireo griseus)
  • Solitary Vireo (Vireo solitarius)
  • Red-eyed Vireo (Vireo olivaceus)
  • Yellow-throated Vireo (Vireo flavifrons) P

Warblers, Sparrows (Family Emberizidae)

  • Prothonotary Warbler (Protonotaria citrea)
  • Golden-winged Warbler (Vermivora chrysoptera) P
  • Blue-winged Warbler (Vermivora pinus)
  • Northern Parula (Parula americana)
  • Orange-crowned Warbler (Vermivora celata)
  • Black-and-white Warbler (Mniotilta varia)
  • Black-throated Blue Warbler (Dendroica caerulescens)
  • Cape May Warbler (Dendroica tigrina) P
  • Magnolia Warbler (Dendroica magnolia)
  • Yellow-rumped Warbler (Dendroica coronata)
  • Black-throated Green Warbler (Dendroica virens)
  • Yellow-throated Warbler (Dendroica dominica)
  • Prairie Warbler (Dendroica discolor)
  • Pine Warbler (Dendroica pinus)
  • Palm Warbler (Dendroica palmarum)
  • Yellow Warbler (Dendroica petechia)
  • Canada Warbler (Wilsonia canadensis) P
  • Hooded Warbler (Wilsonia citrina)
  • Worm-eating Warbler (Helmitheros vermivorus)
  • Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapillus)
  • Louisiana Waterthrush (Seiurus mootacilla) P
  • Northern Waterthrush (Seiurus noveboracensis)
  • Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)
  • American Redstart (Setophaga ruticilla)
  • Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)
  • Indigo Bunting (Passerina cyanea) P
  • Painted Bunting (Passerina ciris)
  • Rufous-sided Towhee (Pipilo erythrophalmus)
  • Savannah Sparrow (Passerculus sandwichensis) P
  • Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla) P
  • Grasshopper Sparrow (Ammodramus savannarum) P
  • Chipping Sparrow (Spizella passerina) P
  • Swamp Sparrow (Melospiza georgiana)
  • Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)
  • Eastern Meadowlark (Sturnella magna)
  • Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)
  • Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)
  • Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)
  • Boat-tailed Grackle (Quiscalus major)
  • Summer Tanager (Piranga rubra) P
  • Western Tanager (Piranga ludoviciana)

Finches (Family Fringillidae)

  • American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)


Plant List

Small flower.Credit: USFWS

Small flower Heron.Credit: USFWS



  • Slash Pine (Pinus elliottii var. densa)


  • Bald Cypress (Taxodium distichum var. distichum)
  • Pond Cypress (Taxodium ascendens)



  • Arrowhead (Sagittaria graminea)
  • (S. lancifolia)
  • (S. stagnorum)


  • Strap Lily (Crinum amercanum)
  • Alligator Lily (Hymenocallis palmeri)
  • (Hypoxis sp.)
  • Rain Lilies (Zephyranthes simpsonii)


  • (Colocasia esculenta) P
  • Spoon flower (Peltandra virginica)
  • (Syngonium podophyllum) P
  • Water Lettuce (Pistia stratiotes)

Arecaceae (palmae)

  • Cabbage Palm (Sabal palmetto)
  • Saw Palmetto (Serona repens)
  • (Roystonea elata)


  • (Catosis bertoniana) P
  • (Catopsis floibunda) P
  • (Guzmania monostachia) P
  • (Tillandsia balbisiana) P
  • (T. brachycaulos) P
  • (T. circinnata) P
  • (T. fasciculata) P
  • (T. flexuosa) P
  • (T. polystachia) P
  • (T. pruinosa) P
  • (T. recurvata) P
  • (T. usneoides) P
  • (T. setacea) P
  • (T. utriculata) P
  • (T. valenzuelana) P


  • (Burmannia capitata) P


  • Yellow Canna (Cana flaccida)


  • Day Flower (Commelina diffusa)
  • (C. erecta var. angustifolium)
  • (Rhoeo spathacea)


  • (Carex lupulina) P
  • (Carex gigantea) P
  • (Cladium jamaicense) P
  • (Cyperus articulatus) P
  • (C. brevifolius) P
  • (C. distinctus) P
  • (C. globulosis) P
  • (C. ligularis) P
  • (C. flavescens) P
  • (C. haspan) P
  • (C. odoratus) P
  • (C. polystachyos) P
  • (C. surinamensis) P
  • (C. retrorsus) P
  • (Dichromena colorata) P
  • (Eleocharis baldwinii) P
  • (E. caribaea) P
  • (E. cellulosa) P
  • (E. interstincta) P
  • (Fimbristylis autumnalis) P
  • (F. caroliniana) P
  • (F. castanea) P
  • (F. schoenoides) P
  • (F. spathacea) P
  • (Fuirena breviseta) P
  • (F. scirpoidea) P
  • (Psilocarya nitens) P
  • (Rhynchospora divergens) P
  • (R. globularis) P
  • (R. inundata) P
  • (R. microcarpa) P
  • (R. miliacea) P
  • (R. odorata) P
  • (R. tracyi) P
  • (Schoenus nigricans) P
  • (Scirpus validus) P
  • (Scleria baldwinii) P
  • (S. ciliata) P
  • (S. hirtella) P
  • (S. reticularis var. pubescens) P
  • (S. reticularis var. reticularis) P
  • (S. verticillata) P


  • (Dioscorea bulbifera) P


  • Hat Pins (Eriocaulon compressum)
  • (E. decangulare)
  • (E. ravenelii)
  • Bog button (Lachnocaulon anceps)


  • (Hydrilla verticillata)


  • Iris (Iris hexagona var. savannarum)
  • Blue-Eyed-Grass (Sisyrinchium atlanticum)


  • (Juncus marginatus) P
  • (J. megacephalus) P
  • (J. polycephalus) P
  • (J. Roemerianus) P


  • Duck Weed (Lemna minor)
  • (L. Perpusilla)
  • (Spirodela oligorhiza)
  • (Wolffiella oblonga)


  • (Aletris bractiata)
  • Colic root (A. lutea)
  • Sunnybell (Schoenolirion albiflorum)
  • Cat-brier (Smilax auriculata)
  • (S. bona-nox)
  • (S. laurifolia)


  • Flag (Thalia geniculata)


  • (Musa x paradisiaca) P


  • Niads (Najas guadalupensis)
  • (N. wrightiana)


  • (Calopogon tuberosus) P
  • (Campylocentrum pachyrrhizum) P
  • (Cyrtopodium punctatum) P
  • (Encyclia cochleata) P
  • (E. tampensis) P
  • (Epidendrum difforme) P
  • (E. nocturnum) P
  • (E. rigidum) P
  • (Erythrodes querceticola) P
  • (Eulophia alta) P
  • (Habenaria quinqueseta) P
  • (H. repens) P
  • (Harrisella porrecta) P
  • (Ionopsis utricularioides) P
  • (Liparis nervosa) P
  • (Malaxis spicata) P
  • (Maxillaria crassifolia) P
  • (Platanthera nivea) P
  • (Polyrrhiza lindenii) P
  • (Polystachya concreta) P
  • (Ponthieva racemosa) P
  • (Spiranthes vernalis) P
  • (Vanilla phaeantha) P
  • (Zeuxine strateumatica) P


  • (Andropogon capillipes)
  • (A. glomeratus)
  • (A. virginicus)
  • (Aristida patula)
  • (A. purpurascens)
  • (A. spiciformis)
  • (Axonopus furcatus)
  • (Bothriochloa pertusa)
  • (Cenchrus incertus)
  • (Chrysopogon pauciflorus)
  • (Coelorachis rugosa)
  • (Cynodon dactylon)
  • (Dactyloctenium aciculare)
  • (Dichanthelium aciculare)
  • (D. acuminatum)
  • (D. commutatum)
  • (D. dichotomum)
  • (D. leucoblepharis)
  • (Echinochloa colona)
  • (E. crusgalli)
  • (E. paludigena)
  • (Eleusine indica)
  • (Elyonurus tripsacoides)
  • (Eragrostis bahiensis)
  • (E. ciliaris)
  • (E. elliottii)
  • (Erianthus giganteus)
  • (Eustachys glauca)
  • (E. petraea)
  • (Heteropogon melanocarpus)
  • (Hyparrhenia rufa)
  • (Imperata brasiliensis)
  • (Lasiacis divaricata)
  • (Leersia hexandra)
  • (Leptochloa fascicularis)
  • (Monanthochloe littoralis)
  • (Muhlenbergia filipes)
  • (Neyraudia reynaudiana)
  • (Oplismenus hirtellus)
  • (Panicum bartowense)
  • (P. dichotomiflorum)
  • (P. fasciculatum)
  • (P. hemitomon)
  • (P. hians)
  • (P. lacustre)
  • (P. ramosum)
  • (P. repens)
  • (P. rigidulum)
  • (P. tenerum)
  • (P. virgatum)
  • (Paspalum caespitosum)
  • (P. conjugatum)
  • (P. distichum)
  • (P. fimbriatum)
  • (P. floridanum)
  • (P. monostachyum)
  • (P. notatum)
  • (P. repens)
  • (P. setaceum)
  • (P. urvillei)
  • (Pennisetum purpureum)
  • (Phragmites australis)
  • (Rhynchelytrum repens)
  • (Rottboellia exaltata)
  • (Saccharum officinarum)
  • (Sacciolepis striata)
  • (Schizachyrium rhizomatum)
  • (Setaria gracillis)
  • (Spartina bakeri)
  • (Sporobolus junceus)
  • (Stenotaphrum secundatum)
  • (Tripsacum dactyloides)
  • (Tripsacum floridanum)
  • (Zea mays)
  • (Zizaniopsis miliacea)


  • Water Hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)
  • Pickerelweed (Pontedaria cordata)


  • (Potamogeton illinoensis)


  • (Ruppia maritima)


  • Cattail (Typha domingensis)
  • (T. latifolia)


  • Yellow-eyed-grass (Xyris jupicai)
  • (X. difformis var. difformis
  • (X. difformis var. floridana)



View the US Fish and Wildlife Service brochure of Amphibians and Reptiles List for Florida Panther and Ten Thousand Islands Refuges [pdf].





Last updated: March 28, 2011