The Aquatic Animal Drug Approval Partnership (AADAP) Program, as it functions today, actually had its genesis in the early 1990’s. In direct response to an “announcement” by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1991 that the time had finally arrived when drug and therapeutant use in aquaculture needed to be regulated, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service), as well as many others, discontinued the use of unapproved drugs and therapeutants in fisheries programs, and engaged in the compassionate Investigational New Animal Drug (INAD) exemption process. This announcement was a “pretty hard hit” for all concerned. Prior to this development, fisheries managers’ access to needed drugs, chemicals, and therapeutants to maintain fish health and manage production programs was limited only by one’s imagination and/or access at a chemical supply company or the local Ranch N’ Home store. This situation was further exacerbated by the fact that only three therapeutants and a single anesthetic were actually approved for use in aquatic species, and use of these compounds was severely restricted by species, water temperature, and life-stage. Although compassionate INAD exemptions did allow for the continued use of certain unapproved drugs in an approved-manner (i.e., under strict FDA guidelines), fish culture had changed forever.
"Why INADs are a fish farmer's best friend" by Rod Getchell Rod Getchell attended this year's
Aquaculture Drug Approval Coordination Workshop where AADAP's own Bonnie Johnson presented 15 years worth of INAD data to the audience. Rod was so impressed with the INAD activity that he wrote the following article that is in the Fish Farming News under the Fish Health Notes section. "Fish farmers can use Investigational New Animal Drug (INAD) exemptions to medicate their fish with certain drugs that have not yet been approved for use, as long as they follow use-guidelines and collect data that can contribute to the eventual approval of the drug." Click on the following link to continue reading the rest of Rod's article.
Aquaculture and Aquaculture Drug Basics
The FDA has a great article in their Animal Health Literacy titled "Aquaculture and Aquaculture Drug Basics". "Have you ever wondered where the fish in the pond in your local park may come from, where the fish you buy at the pet store are from, or where the fish at your local grocery store come from? What happens if they get sick, are there medicines available for them? Click on the following link to answer these questions and to find out more about the up-and-coming field of aquaculture.