The Endangered Species Program works formally and informally with a large variety of groups and individuals to further species conservation. Partnerships for protecting and recovering endangered and threatened species have been established between the Endangered Species Program and other U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service programs, other federal agencies, state governments, private landowners, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and American Indian tribes.
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Partners: Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency, Nashville Zoo, Middle Tennessee State University, Lee University, U.S. Forest Service, University of Tennessee, and others
Description:The Eastern and Ozark hellbenders, and their close cousins the Japanese and Chinese giant salamanders, have remained unchanged since 60 million years ago during the age of the dinosaurs. Both subspecies have experienced recent population declines, and may be threatened with extinction unless conservation programs are developed.
Eastern hellbender Species Profile
Ozark hellbender Species Profile
Partners: U.S. Fish and Widlife Service / Southwest Region, Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, Edwards Aquifer Authority, and others
Description:The Texas blind salamander (Typhlomolge rathbuni) was one of the first species ever listed for endangered species protection. It is very rare, and dwells underwater in caves near San Marcos. It is called the blind salamander as it has no eyes, just two black dots under its skin. Water pollution and habitat degradation are the reasons for its decline.
Ozark Hellbender Conservation (10:21)
Partners: Saint Louis Zoo, Missouri Department of Conservation
Description:A Missouri resident, the Ozark hellbender is the largest species of salamander native to North America. These salamanders are perfectly adapted to their stream habitats with their flattened head and body, short stout legs, long rudder-like tail, and very small, beady eyes. The hellbender populations have been threatened by stream impoundments, pollution and siltation for years, yet seemed to do okay in Missouri and Arkansas.
Partners: FEMA, Texas Parks & Wildlife Department, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Partners: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Connecticut Department of Environmental Protection, Trust for Public Land, Connecticut Audubon Society, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation, The Nature Conservancy, the Town of Stratford, and others.
Partners: Channel Islands National Park, Island Conservation, California Department of Fish and Wildlife, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and the National Oceanic Atmospheric Administration
Introduction to Manatees (9:38)
Partner: Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission
Status: Endangered/ Listed on March 11, 1967
Common Name: West Indian manatee Scientific Name: Trichechus manatus
Description: Video resource for people who may observe for manatees during permitted in-water activities to help prevent animal injury or death. The video includes facts about manatees and manatee presence in Florida waterways, and describes how to identify manatees in the water.
Partners: National Park Service
Status: Threatened/ Listed on July 18, 1988
Common Name: Pitcher's thistle Scientific Name: Cercium pitcheri
Description: This video describes some of the problems faced by native plants and animals due to the spread of non-native and invasive species. Many endangered and threatened species are affected by invasive species, primarily through the alteration or loss of habitat they can cause.
Tennessee River Mussels (1:53)
Description: A short video about historical and current uses of freshwater mussel shells in the button and cultured pearl industry.
Before the advent of plastics in the 1930s, most buttons were made from freshwater mussels. Today, freshwater mussels are collected in several areas of the U.S. and their shells are sold to Asian/Pacific markets. Their shells are used to make small round beads that are placed in marine oysters and serve as the nuclei for cultured pearls. The mussels harvested for this purpose are not federally protected,and the fishery is regulated.
Partners: Texas Parks & Wildlife Department
Status: Endangered/ Listed on March 28, 1972
Scientific Name: Leopardus pardalis
Description: The ocelot is one of the most critically endangered species in the United States. This three part video series follows biologists as they work to save this secretive cat.
Partners: U.S. Army Corps of Engineers
Status: Endangered/ Listed on May 28, 1985
Common Name: Interior least tern Scientific Name: Sterna antillarum
Description: Lewis and Clark's frequently observed least terns along the Missouri River during their 1804 expedition. In the past century, the number of Least Terns has fluctuated widely. During the late 1800s, Least Terns declined in numbers due to harvesting for the millinery trade. After the Migratory Bird Treaty Act was passed in 1916 to make commercial harvest illegal, tern numbers increased until the mid-1900s when alterations to hydrologic patterns, and urban and industrial development of shorelines led to further population declines.
Partners: Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe, Olympic National Park, Washington State Department of Fish and Wildlife, the U.S. Forest Service, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service - Pacific Region, and others
Status: Threatened/ Listed on June 10, 1998
Scientific Name: Salvelinus confluentus
Description: Two large dams, Glines Canyon and Elwha, are finally coming down after nearly 100 years of blocking salmon access to approximately 70 miles of pristine habitat and bull trout migratory corridors in the Elwha River. It took over 35 years of hard work, dedication, and scientific excellence to remove these dams in 2011.