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  • Species Profile for Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)
Map of Species occurrence
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Map Image Map of Species occurrence Map of Species occurrence
Map of Species occurrence Map of Species occurrence
This map represents our best available information about where a species is currently known to or or is believed to occur; however, it should NOT be used as an official species list for Section 7 Consultation purposes. To obtain an official species list for this purpose, please visit the Information, Planning, and Conservation (IPaC) System (click here: http://ecos.fws.gov/ipac)

Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)

Federal Register | Action Plans | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:    and  

General Information

Size: 18 cm (7.25 in) in length. Color: Breeding season: Pale brown above, lighter below; black band across forehead; bill orange with black tip; legs orange; white rump. Male: Complete or incomplete black band encircles the body at the breast. Female: Paler head band; incomplete breast band. Winter coloration: Bill black; all birds lack breast band and head band.

Population detail

The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Piping Plover 

 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
12/11/1985 Great Lakes-Big Rivers Region (Region 3) Great Lakes watershed
12/11/1985 Northeast Region (Region 5) except Great Lakes watershed

» Federal Register Documents

Most Recent Federal Register Documents (Showing 5 of 30: view all)
Date Citation Page Title
07/08/2014 79 FR 38560 38562 Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of Nine Listed Animal and Two Listed Plant Species
09/08/2011 76 FR 55638 55641 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List the Snowy Plover and Reclassify the Wintering Population of Piping Plover
05/19/2009 74 FR 23476 23600 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in Texas
10/21/2008 73 FR 62816 62841 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in North Carolina; Final Rule
09/30/2008 73 FR 56860 56862 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Review - Notice of initiation of review; request for information on the piping plover (Charadrius melodus).

» Action Plans

Action Plans (Showing 2 of 2)
Date Title
12/04/2009 Piping plover Spotlight Species Action Plan
10/01/2009 Great Lakes piping plover spotlight species action plan

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
05/02/1996 Piping Plover Atlantic Coast Population Revised Recovery Plan View Implementation Progress Final Revision 1
09/16/2003 Recovery Plan for the Great Lakes population of Piping Plovers View Implementation Progress Final
05/12/1988 Great Lakes & Northern Great Plains Piping Plover View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents (Showing 5 of 7: view all)
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
07/08/2014 79 FR 38560 38562 Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of Nine Listed Animal and Two Listed Plant Species
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
09/30/2008 73 FR 56860 56862 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Review - Notice of initiation of review; request for information on the piping plover (Charadrius melodus).
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
09/16/2003 68 FR 54241 54242 Approved Recovery Plan for the Great Lakes Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)
  • Notice Final Recovery Plan Availability
08/05/2002 67 FR 50687 50688 Notice of Availability of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) Great Lakes Population Draft Recovery Plan for Review and Comment
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
12/28/2001 66 FR 67165 67166 ETWP; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Great Plains Breeding Population of the Piping Plover; Reopening of Public Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis
  • Notice Doc. Availability
  • Notice Reopen Comment
  • Proposed Critical Habitat, Critical habitat--birds
Five Year Review
Date Title
09/29/2009 Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

Current Critical Habitat Documents (Showing 5 of 12: view all)
Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
05/19/2009 74 FR 23476 23600 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in Texas Final Rule Final designated
10/21/2008 73 FR 62816 62841 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in North Carolina; Final Rule Final Rule Not Required
05/20/2008 73 FR 29294 29321 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in Texas: Proposed rule. Proposed Rule Not Required
09/11/2002 67 FR 57638 57717 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Great Plains Breeding Population of the Piping Plover; Final Rule Final Rule Not Required
12/28/2001 66 FR 67165 67166 ETWP; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Great Plains Breeding Population of the Piping Plover; Reopening of Public Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more) (Showing 3 of 3)
HCP Plan Summaries
Magic Carpet Woods Association
Piping Plover HCP (State of Massachusetts)
Volusia Beaches

» Petitions

Most Recent Petition Findings (Showing 1 of 1)
Date Citation Page Title Finding
09/08/2011 76 FR 55638 55641 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List the Snowy Plover and Reclassify the Wintering Population of Piping Plover
  • Notice 90-day Petition Finding, Not substantial

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.