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  • Species Profile for Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)
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Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:    and  

General Information

Size: 18 cm (7.25 in) in length. Color: Breeding season: Pale brown above, lighter below; black band across forehead; bill orange with black tip; legs orange; white rump. Male: Complete or incomplete black band encircles the body at the breast. Female: Paler head band; incomplete breast band. Winter coloration: Bill black; all birds lack breast band and head band.

Population detail

The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Piping Plover 

 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
12/11/1985 Great Lakes-Big Rivers Region (Region 3) Great Lakes watershed in States of IL, IN, MI, MN, NY, OH, PA, and WI and Canada (Ont.)
12/11/1985 Northeast Region (Region 5) Entire, except those areas where listed as endangered above

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
12/11/1985 50 FR 50726 50734 Determination of Endangered and Threatened Status for Piping Plover; 50 FR 50726-50734
06/09/2008 73 FR 32629 Correction to Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in Texas
10/21/2008 73 FR 62816 62841 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in North Carolina; Final Rule
06/12/2001 66 FR 31760 31815 ETWP; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Great Plains Breeding Population of the Piping Plover; Proposed Rule
09/19/2000 65 FR 56530 56531 Reopening of Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis on Proposed Critical Habitat Designation for the Great Lakes Breeding Population of the Piping Plover
08/30/2000 65 FR 52691 52692 Extension of Public Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis for Proposed Critical Habitat Determination for Wintering Piping Plovers
09/11/2002 67 FR 57638 57717 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Great Plains Breeding Population of the Piping Plover; Final Rule
02/22/2001 66 FR 11134 11135 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Reopening of Public Comment Period on Proposed Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers
07/08/2014 79 FR 38560 38562 Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of Nine Listed Animal and Two Listed Plant Species
07/10/2001 66 FR 36038 36086 ETWP; Final Determinations of Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers; Final Rule (pp. 36038 - 36086)
06/12/2006 71 FR 33703 33721 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Amended Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover: Proposed rule.
05/31/2007 72 FR 30326 30331 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover:Proposed rule; reopening of comment period, notice of availability of draft economic analysis and draft environmental assessment, and announcement of public hearing.
10/27/2000 65 FR 64414 64415 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Extension of Public Comment Period and Notice of Public Hearing on Proposed Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers
07/10/2001 66 FR 36087 36136 ETWP; Final Determinations of Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers; Final Rule (pp. 36087 - 36136)
12/28/2001 66 FR 67165 67166 ETWP; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Great Plains Breeding Population of the Piping Plover; Reopening of Public Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis
09/16/2003 68 FR 54241 54242 Approved Recovery Plan for the Great Lakes Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)
12/30/1982 47 FR 58454 58460 Review of Vertebrate Wildlife for Listing as End. or Thr. Species
07/06/2000 65 FR 41812 41835 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Great Lakes Breeding Population of the Piping Plover
09/28/2000 65 FR 58258 ETWP; Reopening of Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis on Proposed Critical Habitat Designation for the Great Lakes Breeding Population of the Piping Plover
05/19/2009 74 FR 23476 23600 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in Texas
11/08/1984 49 FR 44712 44715 Piping Plover Proposed as Endangered and Threatened Species; 49 FR 44712- 44715
09/08/2011 76 FR 55638 55641 90-Day Finding on a Petition To List the Snowy Plover and Reclassify the Wintering Population of Piping Plover
07/06/2000 65 FR 41782 41812 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers
05/07/2001 66 FR 22983 22984 ETWP; notice of New Schedule (60 day delay)for Final Determination of Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers
03/21/2002 67 FR 13123 ETWP; Reopening of Public Comment Period on Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Great Plains Breeding Population of the Piping Plover
05/07/2001 66 FR 22938 22969 ETWP; Final Determination of Critical Habitat for the Great Lakes Breeding Population of the Piping Plover
07/10/2001 66 FR 36137 36143 ETWP; Final Determination of Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers (pp. 36137-36143)
09/30/2008 73 FR 56860 56862 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Review - Notice of initiation of review; request for information on the piping plover (Charadrius melodus).
08/05/2002 67 FR 50687 50688 Notice of Availability of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) Great Lakes Population Draft Recovery Plan for Review and Comment
05/20/2008 73 FR 29294 29321 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in Texas: Proposed rule.

» Recovery

Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
05/02/1996 Piping Plover Atlantic Coast Population Revised Recovery Plan View Implementation Progress Final Revision 1
09/16/2003 Recovery Plan for the Great Lakes population of Piping Plovers View Implementation Progress Final
05/12/1988 Great Lakes & Northern Great Plains Piping Plover View Implementation Progress Final
Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
07/08/2014 79 FR 38560 38562 Initiation of 5-Year Status Reviews of Nine Listed Animal and Two Listed Plant Species
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
09/30/2008 73 FR 56860 56862 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; 5-Year Review - Notice of initiation of review; request for information on the piping plover (Charadrius melodus).
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
09/16/2003 68 FR 54241 54242 Approved Recovery Plan for the Great Lakes Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus)
  • Notice Final Recovery Plan Availability
08/05/2002 67 FR 50687 50688 Notice of Availability of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) Great Lakes Population Draft Recovery Plan for Review and Comment
  • Notice Draft Recovery Plan Availability
12/28/2001 66 FR 67165 67166 ETWP; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Great Plains Breeding Population of the Piping Plover; Reopening of Public Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis
  • Notice Doc. Availability
  • Notice Reopen Comment
  • Proposed Critical Habitat, Critical habitat--birds
09/19/2000 65 FR 56530 56531 Reopening of Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis on Proposed Critical Habitat Designation for the Great Lakes Breeding Population of the Piping Plover
  • Notice Doc. Availability
  • Notice Reopen Comment
08/30/2000 65 FR 52691 52692 Extension of Public Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis for Proposed Critical Habitat Determination for Wintering Piping Plovers
  • Notice Doc. Availability
  • Notice Reopen Comment
Five Year Review
Date Title
09/29/2009 Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) 5-Year Review

» Critical Habitat

Date Citation Page Title Document Type Status
05/19/2009 74 FR 23476 23600 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in Texas Final Rule Final designated
10/21/2008 73 FR 62816 62841 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in North Carolina; Final Rule Final Rule Not Required
05/20/2008 73 FR 29294 29321 Revised Designation of Critical Habitat for the Wintering Population of the Piping Plover (Charadrius melodus) in Texas: Proposed rule. Proposed Rule Not Required
09/11/2002 67 FR 57638 57717 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Great Plains Breeding Population of the Piping Plover; Final Rule Final Rule Not Required
12/28/2001 66 FR 67165 67166 ETWP; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Great Plains Breeding Population of the Piping Plover; Reopening of Public Comment Period and Notice of Availability of Draft Economic Analysis Proposed Rule Not Required
07/10/2001 66 FR 36038 36086 ETWP; Final Determinations of Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers; Final Rule (pp. 36038 - 36086) Final Rule Not Required
07/10/2001 66 FR 36087 36136 ETWP; Final Determinations of Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers; Final Rule (pp. 36087 - 36136) Final Rule Not Required
07/10/2001 66 FR 36137 36143 ETWP; Final Determination of Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers (pp. 36137-36143) Final Rule Not Required
06/12/2001 66 FR 31760 31815 ETWP; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Northern Great Plains Breeding Population of the Piping Plover; Proposed Rule Proposed Rule Not Required
05/07/2001 66 FR 22938 22969 ETWP; Final Determination of Critical Habitat for the Great Lakes Breeding Population of the Piping Plover Final Rule Final designated
07/06/2000 65 FR 41812 41835 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Designation of Critical Habitat for the Great Lakes Breeding Population of the Piping Plover Proposed Rule Not Required
07/06/2000 65 FR 41782 41812 Endangered and Threatened Wildlife and Plants; Proposed Determination of Critical Habitat for Wintering Piping Plovers Proposed Rule Not Required

To learn more about critical habitat please see http://ecos.fws.gov/crithab

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
Magic Carpet Woods Association
Piping Plover HCP (State of Massachusetts)
Volusia Beaches

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.