Species Profile
Environmental Conservation Online System

Yellow-Billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)

Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Aves
Order: Cuculiformes
Family: Cuculidae

Listing Status:   

General Information

Size: 31 cm (12 in) in length. Color: Brownish above and white below; with rusty colored flight feathers. The upper mandible of the bill is black and the lower mandible is yellow. The under side of the tail has pairs of large white spots.

Map of Species occurrence

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Map Image Map of Species occurrence Map of Species occurrence

This map represents our best available information about where a species is currently known to or or is believed to occur; however, it should NOT be used as an official species list for Section 7 Consultation purposes. To obtain an official species list for this purpose, please visit the Information, Planning, and Conservation (IPaC) System (click here: http://ecos.fws.gov/ipac)



  • States/US Territories in which the Yellow-Billed Cuckoo, Western U.S. DPS is known to or is believed to occur:  Arizona , California , Colorado , Idaho , Montana , Nevada , New Mexico , Oregon , Texas , Utah , Washington , Wyoming
  • US Counties in which the Yellow-Billed Cuckoo, Western U.S. DPS is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the Yellow-Billed Cuckoo, Western U.S. DPS is known to occur:  BUTTE SINK NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, SACRAMENTO RIVER NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, SUTTER NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE
  • Countries in which the the Yellow-Billed Cuckoo, Western U.S. DPS is known to occur:  Canada, Mexico, United States
  • For more information:  http://www.fws.gov/pacific/news/2001/2001-76.htm
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
California/Nevada Region (Region 8) Western U.S. DPS

» Candidate Information

Former Candidate Status

Listing Priority: 
Magnitude: 
Immediacy: 
Taxonomy: 
Species Assessment: Species Assessment Form for the Coccyzus americanus (Western U.S. DPS).
Candidate Notice of Review Documents (Showing 5 of 16: view all)
Date Citation Page Title
11/21/2012 77 FR 69993 70060 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
10/26/2011 76 FR 66370 66439 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
11/10/2010 75 FR 69222 69294 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions; Proposed Rule
11/09/2009 74 FR 57804 57878 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
12/10/2008 73 FR 75176 75244 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions; Proposed Rule

» Federal Register Documents

Most Recent Federal Register Documents (Showing 5 of 30: view all)
Date Citation Page Title
08/15/2014 79 FR 48547 48652 Designation of Critical Habitat for the Western Distinct Population Segment of the Yellow-Billed Cuckoo
04/10/2014 79 FR 19860 19861 Proposed Threatened Status for the Western Distinct Population Segment of the Yellow-Billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)
12/26/2013 78 FR 78321 78322 Proposed Threatened Status for the Western Distinct Population Segment of the Yellow-Billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus)
10/03/2013 78 FR 61621 61666 Proposed Threatened Status for the Western Distinct Population Segment of the Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus); Proposed Rule
11/21/2012 77 FR 69993 70060 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more) (Showing 5 of 10: view all)
HCP Plan Summaries
Cal. Dept. of Corrections Statewide Electrified Fence Project
Clark County Multiple Species HCP (7 permittees)
Lower Colorado River MSCP
Lower Colorado River Multi-Species Conservation Plan (LCR MSCP)
Malpai Borderlands

» Petitions

Most Recent Petition Findings (Showing 5 of 6: view all)
Date Citation Page Title Finding
11/21/2012 77 FR 69993 70060 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
  • Notice 12 month petition finding, Warranted but precluded
  • Notice CNOR
  • 10/26/2011 76 FR 66370 66439 Review of Native Species That Are Candidates for Listing as Endangered or Threatened; Annual Notice of Findings on Resubmitted Petitions; Annual Description of Progress on Listing Actions
  • Notice 12 month petition finding, Warranted but precluded
  • Notice CNOR
  • 07/25/2001 66 FR 38611 38626 ETWP; 12-Month Finding for a Petition to List the Yellow-billed Cuckoo (Coccyzus americanus) in the Western Continental United States
  • Notice 12 month petition finding, Warranted but precluded
  • 02/17/2000 65 FR 8104 8107 Notice of 90-Day Finding for a Petition To List the Yellow-billed Cuckoo as Endangered and Commencement of a Status Review
  • Notice 90-day Petition Finding, Substantial
  • 12/29/1988 53 FR 52746 52749 Findings on Pending Petitions & Description of Progress on Listing Actions; 53 FR 52746-52749
  • Notice 12 month petition finding, Not warranted
  • Notice Candidacy Removal/Reclass, Not listable entity
  • » Life History

    No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

    » Other Resources

    NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

    ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

    Last updated: September 15, 2014