Species Profile
Environmental Conservation Online System

Red-Cockaded woodpecker (Picoides borealis)

Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Picidae

Listing Status:   

Where Listed: WHEREVER FOUND

General Information

22 cm. Rather small black-and-white woodpecker with longish bill. Above black barred white. Below white with black spots on flanks. Black crown, nape and moustachial stripe border white cheeks and side of neck. Male has small red mark on the side of nape. Juvenile browner with variable extent of red on crown.

Map of Species occurrence

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Map Image Map of Species occurrence Map of Species occurrence

This map represents our best available information about where a species is currently known to or or is believed to occur; however, it should NOT be used as an official species list for Section 7 Consultation purposes. To obtain an official species list for this purpose, please visit the Information, Planning, and Conservation (IPaC) System (click here: http://ecos.fws.gov/ipac)



This species is listed wherever it is found, but
    • States/US Territories in which the Red-Cockaded woodpecker, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  Alabama , Arkansas , Florida , Georgia , Louisiana , Mississippi , Missouri , North Carolina , Oklahoma , South Carolina , Texas , Virginia
    • US Counties in which the Red-Cockaded woodpecker, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
    • USFWS Refuges in which the Red-Cockaded woodpecker, Entire is known to occur:  ACE BASIN NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, ALLIGATOR RIVER NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, BIG BRANCH MARSH NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, CAROLINA SANDHILLS NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, D'ARBONNE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE  ... Show All Refuges
    • For more information:  http://www.fws.gov/endangered/esa-library/pdf/woodpecker.pdf
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
10/13/1970 Southeast Region (Region 4) Entire

» Federal Register Documents

Most Recent Federal Register Documents (Showing 5 of 9: view all)
Date Citation Page Title
09/12/2005 70 FR 53807 53808 5-Year Review of Eight Southeastern Species
03/20/2003 68 FR 13719 13720 Notice of Availability of the Second Revision of the Recovery Plan for the Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis)
11/21/2002 67 FR 70237 70240 Reopening of Public Comment Period for the Technical/Agency Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis)
06/28/2002 67 FR 43678 43680 Availability of a Draft Environmental Assessment and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit by Woodlands Group L.L.C. in Livingston Parish, LA
04/17/2001 66 FR 19792 19794 Availability of a Draft Combined Environmental Assessment and Habitat Conservation Plan, Preliminary Finding of No Significant Impact, and Notice of Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit by Plum Creek Timber Company for Forest Management and Timber Harvest on Plum Creek Lands in Arkansas and Louisiana

» Recovery

Recovery Plan Information Search
Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
03/20/2003 Red-cockaded Woodpecker Recovery Plan, Second Revision View Implementation Progress Final Revision 2
Other Recovery Documents (Showing 3 of 3)
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
09/12/2005 70 FR 53807 53808 5-Year Review of Eight Southeastern Species
  • Notice 5-year Review
  • 03/20/2003 68 FR 13719 13720 Notice of Availability of the Second Revision of the Recovery Plan for the Red-cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis)
  • Notice Final Recovery Plan Availability
  • 09/13/2000 65 FR 55270 55269 Notice of Availability of a Technical/Agency Draft Revised Recovery Plan for the Red-Cockaded Woodpecker (Picoides borealis) for Review and Comment
  • Notice Recovery Plan Avail.
  • Five Year Review
    Date Title
    10/05/2006 Red-cockaded Woodpecker 5-Year Review

    » Critical Habitat

    No critical habitat rules have been published for the Red-Cockaded woodpecker, Entire.

    » Conservation Plans

    Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more) (Showing 5 of 22: view all)
    HCP Plan Summaries
    Ben McCutcheon
    Charles Ingram Lumber Co., Amos McLeod
    City Gate
    Cone, Ben (Cone's Folly)
    Cooper-Turner
    Safe Harbor Agreements (SHA): (learn more) (Showing 5 of 13: view all)
    SHA Plan Summaries
    AL DCNR Statewide RCW
    A Plan to Provide Safe Harbor Assurances to Landowners in VA who Voluntarily Agree to Enhance Habitat for the Endangered Red-Cockaded Woodpecker
    Florida Fish & Wildlife Conservation Commission RCW Statewide
    GA DNR Statewide RCW
    GA DNR Statewide RCW Amendment 1

    » Petitions

    No petition findings have been published for the Red-Cockaded woodpecker, Entire.

    » Life History

    No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

    » Other Resources

    NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

    ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

    Last updated: July 31, 2014