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  • Species Profile for Brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)
Map of Species occurrence
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Brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)

Federal Register | Recovery | Critical Habitat | Conservation Plans | Petitions | Life History

Listing Status:   

General Information

The adult brown pelican is a large dark gray-brown water bird with white about the head and neck. Immatures are gray-brown above and on the neck, with white underparts. Although the Caribbean subspecies resembles the eastern subspecies, the Caribbean brown pelican has a darker non-breeding plumage above the surface. The Caribbean pelican usually also has a darker undersurface plumage during breeding than does the eastern brown pelican. Both subspecies can reach up to 8 pounds and larger individuals have wing spreads of over 7 feet.

Population detail

The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Brown pelican 

 
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
06/02/1970 Southeast Region (Region 4) U.S. Atlantic coast, FL, AL
06/02/1970 California/Nevada Region (Region 8) Entire, except U.S. Atlantic coast, FL, AL

» Federal Register Documents

Federal Register Documents
Date Citation Page Title
10/13/1970 35 FR 16047 16048 Appendix D - United States List of Endangered Native Fish and Wildlife; 35 FR 16047 16048
02/04/1985 50 FR 4938 4945 Removal of Brown Pelican in So'eastern US from List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 50 FR 4938-4945
06/04/2004 69 FR 31632 31635 Availability of the Final Environmental Impact Statement/Environmental Impact Report for an Incidental Take Permit for the Multiple Habitat Consrevation Program, Carlsbad, CA
05/24/2006 71 FR 29908 29910 90-Day Finding on a Petition To Delist the California Brown Pelican and Initiation of a 5-Year Review for the Brown Pelican
09/14/2007 72 FR 52575 52576 Proposed Low Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for Washington Department of Natural Resources' Commercial Geoduck Fishery
05/03/2005 70 FR 22898 22899 Availability of Environmental Document and Receipt of an Application for an Incidental Take Permit ssociated with a Safe Harbor Agreement for Metropolitan Water District of Southern California Ormond Beach Property, Ventura County, CA
06/02/1970 35 FR 8491 8498 Part 17 - Conservation of Endangered Species and Other Fish or Wildlife (First List of Endangered Foreign Fish and Wildlife as Appendix A)
04/14/1970 35 FR 6069 Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (Endangered Species Conservation); 35 FR 6069
03/05/2008 73 FR 11945 11950 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California, Nevada and Southern Oregon
07/30/1970 35 FR 12222 12225 Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (Conservation of Endangered Species and Other Fish or Wildlife); 35 FR 12222 12225
02/20/2008 73 FR 9408 9433 12-Month Petition Finding and Proposed Rule To Remove the Brown Pelican(Pelecanus occidentalis) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Proposed Rule
09/30/2009 74 FR 50236 50237 Draft Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)
11/17/2009 74 FR 59444 59472 Removal of the Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Final Rule
11/10/1983 48 FR 51736 51741 Proposal to Remove Brown Pelican in Southeastern US from List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 48 FR 51736-51741

» Recovery

Other Recovery Documents
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
11/17/2009 74 FR 59444 59472 Removal of the Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Final Rule
  • Final Delisting, Recovered
09/30/2009 74 FR 50236 50237 Draft Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)
  • Notice Doc. Availability, Draft Post Delisting Monitoring Plan
03/05/2008 73 FR 11945 11950 Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California, Nevada and Southern Oregon
  • Notice 5-year Review, Completion
02/20/2008 73 FR 9408 9433 12-Month Petition Finding and Proposed Rule To Remove the Brown Pelican(Pelecanus occidentalis) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Proposed Rule
  • Notice 12 month petition finding, Warranted
  • Notice 90-day Petition Finding, Substantial
  • Proposed Delisting, Recovered
05/24/2006 71 FR 29908 29910 90-Day Finding on a Petition To Delist the California Brown Pelican and Initiation of a 5-Year Review for the Brown Pelican
  • Notice 5-year Review, Initiation
  • Notice 90-day Petition Finding, Substantial
02/04/1985 50 FR 4938 4945 Removal of Brown Pelican in So'eastern US from List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 50 FR 4938-4945
  • Final Delisting, Recovered
11/10/1983 48 FR 51736 51741 Proposal to Remove Brown Pelican in Southeastern US from List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; 48 FR 51736-51741
  • Proposed Delisting, Recovered
Five Year Review
Date Title
02/07/2007 Brown Pelican 5-Year Review
Delisting Documents
Date Title
09/30/2009 Final Draft Brown Pelican Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan

» Critical Habitat

No critical habitat rules have been published for the Brown pelican.

» Conservation Plans

Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more)
HCP Plan Summaries
MHCP, City of Carlsbad Habitat Management Plan
MSCP, City of Chula Vista Subarea Plan
MSCP, City of La Mesa Subarea Plan
MSCP, City of Poway Subarea Plan
MSCP, County of San Diego Subarea Plan
San Diego Gas & Electric
Washington Department of Natural Resources (WDNR) Low-effect HCP for Commercial Geoduck Fishery
Safe Harbor Agreements (SHA): (learn more)
SHA Plan Summaries
Metropolitan Water District of Southern California Ormond Beach Property

» Petitions

» Life History

No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

» Other Resources

NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.