Brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)
The adult brown pelican is a large dark gray-brown water bird with white about the head and neck. Immatures are gray-brown above and on the neck, with white underparts. Although the Caribbean subspecies resembles the eastern subspecies, the Caribbean brown pelican has a darker non-breeding plumage above the surface. The Caribbean pelican usually also has a darker undersurface plumage during breeding than does the eastern brown pelican. Both subspecies can reach up to 8 pounds and larger individuals have wing spreads of over 7 feet.
The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Brown pelican
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|06/02/1970||Southeast Region (Region 4)||U.S. Atlantic coast, FL, AL|
|06/02/1970||California/Nevada Region (Region 8)||except U.S. Atlantic coast, FL, AL|
» Federal Register Documents
» RecoveryRecovery Plan Information Search
|02/07/2007||Brown Pelican 5-Year Review|
|09/30/2009||Final Draft Brown Pelican Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan|
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Brown pelican.
» Conservation Plans
|HCP Plan Summaries|
|MHCP, City of Carlsbad Habitat Management Plan|
|MSCP, City of Chula Vista Subarea Plan|
|MSCP, City of La Mesa Subarea Plan|
|MSCP, City of Poway Subarea Plan|
|MSCP, County of San Diego Subarea Plan|
|SHA Plan Summaries|
|Metropolitan Water District of Southern California Ormond Beach Property|
|02/20/2008||73 FR 9408 9433||12-Month Petition Finding and Proposed Rule To Remove the Brown Pelican(Pelecanus occidentalis) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Proposed Rule|
|05/24/2006||71 FR 29908 29910||90-Day Finding on a Petition To Delist the California Brown Pelican and Initiation of a 5-Year Review for the Brown Pelican|
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.