Brown pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)
The adult brown pelican is a large dark gray-brown water bird with white about the head and neck. Immatures are gray-brown above and on the neck, with white underparts. Although the Caribbean subspecies resembles the eastern subspecies, the Caribbean brown pelican has a darker non-breeding plumage above the surface. The Caribbean pelican usually also has a darker undersurface plumage during breeding than does the eastern brown pelican. Both subspecies can reach up to 8 pounds and larger individuals have wing spreads of over 7 feet.
The FWS is currently monitoring the following populations of the Brown pelican
Population location: Entire, except U.S. Atlantic coast, FL, AL
Listing status: Delisted due to Recovery
- States/US Territories in which this population is known to or is believed to occur: Arizona , California , Louisiana , Mississippi , Oregon , Puerto Rico , Texas , Virgin Islands , Washington
- US Counties in which this population is known to or is believed to occur: View All
- USFWS Refuges in which this population is known to occur:
ARANSAS NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, BANDON MARSH NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, BAYOU SAUVAGE NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, BIG BOGGY NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE, BIG BRANCH MARSH NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE... Show All Refuges
- Countries in which the this population is known to occur: Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, British Virgin Islands, Canada, Cayman Islands, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Martinique, Mexico, Netherlands Antilles, Nicaragua, Panama, Peru, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Turks and Caicos Islands, Venezuela
- Additional species information
Population location: U.S. Atlantic coast, FL, AL
Listing status: Delisted due to Recovery
|Status||Date Listed||Lead Region||Where Listed|
|06/02/1970||California/Nevada Region (Region 8)||except U.S. Atlantic coast, FL, AL|
|06/02/1970||Southeast Region (Region 4)||U.S. Atlantic coast, FL, AL|
» Federal Register Documents
|11-17-2009||74 FR 59444 59472||Removal of the Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Final Rule|
|09-30-2009||74 FR 50236 50237||Draft Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Brown Pelican (Pelecanus occidentalis)|
|03-05-2008||73 FR 11945 11950||Initiation of 5-Year Reviews of 58 Species in California and Nevada; Availability of Completed 5-Year Reviews in California, Nevada and Southern Oregon|
|02-20-2008||73 FR 9408 9433||12-Month Petition Finding and Proposed Rule To Remove the Brown Pelican(Pelecanus occidentalis) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Proposed Rule|
|09-14-2007||72 FR 52575 52576||Proposed Low Effect Habitat Conservation Plan for Washington Department of Natural Resources' Commercial Geoduck Fishery|
|02/07/2007||Brown Pelican 5-Year Review|
|09/30/2009||Final Draft Brown Pelican Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan|
» Critical Habitat
No critical habitat rules have been published for the Brown pelican.
» Conservation Plans
|HCP Plan Summaries|
|MHCP, City of Carlsbad Habitat Management Plan|
|MSCP, City of Chula Vista Subarea Plan|
|MSCP, City of La Mesa Subarea Plan|
|MSCP, City of Poway Subarea Plan|
|MSCP, County of San Diego Subarea Plan|
|SHA Plan Summaries|
|Metropolitan Water District of Southern California Ormond Beach Property|
|02/20/2008||73 FR 9408 9433||12-Month Petition Finding and Proposed Rule To Remove the Brown Pelican(Pelecanus occidentalis) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife; Proposed Rule|
|05/24/2006||71 FR 29908 29910||90-Day Finding on a Petition To Delist the California Brown Pelican and Initiation of a 5-Year Review for the Brown Pelican|
» Life History
No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.
» Other Resources
NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.
ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.
FWS Digital Media Library -- The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's National Digital Library is a searchable collection of selected images, historical artifacts, audio clips, publications, and video.