Species Profile
Environmental Conservation Online System

Virginia northern flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus)

Kingdom: Animalia
Class: Mammalia
Order: Rodentia
Family: Sciuridae

Listing Status:   

General Information

This squirrel has a brown dorsal pelage, distinguished by slate-colored belly hairs. The species coat is dense, soft, and grayish-brown. The tail is broad, horizontally flattened, and there are membranes (patagia) between the fore and hind legs. The eyes are prominent, large and blackish. The squirrel has a length between 11 and 12 in. (approximately 290 mm), and weighs between 4 and 6.5 ounces (100-185 grams).

Map of Species occurrence

For the best experience, make sure that javascript is enabled and that you have the Adobe Flash Player installed Click here to download and install the Flash Player

Click here to see static map image

Map Image Map of Species occurrence Map of Species occurrence

This map represents our best available information about where a species is currently known to or or is believed to occur; however, it should NOT be used as an official species list for Section 7 Consultation purposes. To obtain an official species list for this purpose, please visit the Information, Planning, and Conservation (IPaC) System (click here: http://ecos.fws.gov/ipac)



  • States/US Territories in which the Virginia northern flying Squirrel, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  Virginia , West Virginia
  • US Counties in which the Virginia northern flying Squirrel, Entire is known to or is believed to occur:  View All
  • USFWS Refuges in which the Virginia northern flying Squirrel, Entire is known to occur:  CANAAN VALLEY NATIONAL WILDLIFE REFUGE
Current Listing Status Summary
Status Date Listed Lead Region Where Listed
07/31/1985 Northeast Region (Region 5) Entire

» Federal Register Documents

Most Recent Federal Register Documents (Showing 5 of 14: view all)
Date Citation Page Title
03/04/2013 78 FR 14022 14023 Reinstatement of Removal of the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
03/04/2013 78 FR 14022 14023 Reinstatement of Removal of the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
06/17/2011 76 FR 35349 35350 Reinstatement of Listing Protections for the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel in Compliance With a Court Order
08/26/2008 73 FR 50226 50247 Final Rule Removing the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
10/09/2007 72 FR 57346 57347 Draft Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus)

» Recovery

Recovery Plan Information Search
Current Recovery Plan(s)
Date Title Plan Action Status Plan Status
09/24/1990 Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrels (2 spp.) View Implementation Progress Final
09/06/2001 Appalachian Northern Flying Squirrels Recovery Plan Update; Amendment to Appendix A - Guidelines For Habitat Identification and Management For Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus Recovery efforts in progress, but no implementation information yet to display Final
Other Recovery Documents (Showing 5 of 6: view all)
Date Citation Page Title Document Type
03/04/2013 78 FR 14022 14023 Reinstatement of Removal of the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Final Delisting, Recovered
  • 03/04/2013 78 FR 14022 14023 Reinstatement of Removal of the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel From the List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Final Delisting, Recovered
  • 08/26/2008 73 FR 50226 50247 Final Rule Removing the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Final Delisting, Recovered
  • 10/09/2007 72 FR 57346 57347 Draft Post-Delisting Monitoring Plan for the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus)
  • Notice Comment Period for Monitoring Plan
  • Notice Doc. Availability, Draft Post Delisting Monitoring Plan
  • 12/19/2006 71 FR 75924 75931 Proposed Rule to Remove the Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel (Glaucomys sabrinus fuscus) From the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife
  • Proposed Delisting, Recovered
  • Five Year Review
    Date Title
    05/19/2006 Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel 5-Year Review
    Delisting Documents
    Date Title
    12/01/2007 Final PDM plan for WNNFS
    10/09/2007 Virginia northern flying squirrel Draft PDM plan

    » Critical Habitat

    No critical habitat rules have been published for the Virginia northern flying Squirrel, Entire.

    » Conservation Plans

    Habitat Conservation Plans (HCP) (learn more) (Showing 2 of 2)
    HCP Plan Summaries
    Habitat Conservation Plan for the West Virginia Northern Flying Squirrel: Recreation and Infrastructure Expansion at Snowshoe Mountain
    Snowshoe Mountain Resort (Camp Wilderness), Intrawest

    » Petitions

    No petition findings have been published for the Virginia northern flying Squirrel, Entire.

    » Life History

    No Life History information has been entered into this system for this species.

    » Other Resources

    NatureServe Explorer Species Reports -- NatureServe Explorer is a source for authoritative conservation information on more than 50,000 plants, animals and ecological communtities of the U.S and Canada. NatureServe Explorer provides in-depth information on rare and endangered species, but includes common plants and animals too. NatureServe Explorer is a product of NatureServe in collaboration with the Natural Heritage Network.

    ITIS Reports -- ITIS (the Integrated Taxonomic Information System) is a source for authoritative taxonomic information on plants, animals, fungi, and microbes of North America and the world.

    Last updated: August 22, 2014