The Weeks-McLean Law; 1913: addressed waterfowl management and protection.
It was later repealed.
The Act of July 3, 1918;
The Migratory Bird Treaty Act: Affords protection from commercial
exploitation to both migratory waterfowl and other species
of birds. This act expanded the duties of the "Federal Game Warden" whose
existence began in 1900 with the passage of the Lacey Act and continues
to be a major priority today.
The Act of February 18, 1929; The Migratory Bird Conservation Act
of 1929: The law expanded the existing National Wildlife Refuge System
established in 1903, and provided authorization for the acquisition
of wetlands for waterfowl habitat. The law was, however, only a stop
gap measure, as it made no provision for the procurement of funds with
which to purchase lands.
The Act of March 16, 1934; Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act as Amended:
Requires every waterfowl hunter 16 years of age or older to annually
purchase and carry a stamp and earmarks proceeds from the sale of Duck
Stamps to buy and lease waterfowl habitat. The stamps must be issued
and sold by the Postal Service at (1) each first and second class Post
Office, and (2) any establishment, facility, or location as the Postal
Service and the Secretary of the Interior direct or authorize; and may
be sold by the Department of the Interior pursuant to regulations prescribed
jointly by the Postal Service and the Secretary of the Interior. Receipts
from the sale of stamps must be deposited in the Migratory Bird Conservation
The Act of June 15, 1935, amended the Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp
Act: Requires validation of the hunting stamp by signature across the
face of the stamp.
Public Law 135; The Act of June 28, 1941: Provides that the migratory
bird hunting stamps not sold at the end of each fiscal year for which
issued must be turned over to the philatelic agency and placed on sale
until disposed of or until the Congress otherwise provides and that
such stamps shall be usable as migratory bird hunting stamps only during
the fiscal year for which issued; and provided for the distribution
of funds received from the sale of stamps for the acquisition of migratory
The Act of August 12, 1949; amended the 1934 Act: Provided for an
increase in the price of the stamp from $1 to $2.
Public Law 838; The Act of July 30, 1956: Makes it mandatory for the
Postmaster General to provide for redemption of unused stamps which
are on consignment to retail dealers and are returned at the end of
the season in blocks of two or more; adds provision defining retail
dealers; and authorizes use of migratory bird stamps only during fiscal
year for which issued.
Public Law 85-585; The Act of August 1, 1958: Increased the cost
of a stamp from $2 to $3.; earmarked proceeds from sale of stamps, less
expenses of Post Office Department, for the acquisition of migratory
bird refuges, and permitted hunting of resident game birds in designated
wildlife management areas.
Public Law 85-921; The Act of September 2, 1958: Permits the printing
or publishing of black and white illustrations of postage and revenue
stamps for philatelic, educational, historical, or newsworthy purposes
in articles, books, journals, newspapers, or albums (but not for advertising
except illustrations of stamps in philatelic articles, books, journals,
newspapers, or albums).
Public Law 92-214; The Act of December 22, 1971: Authorized the collection
of up to $5 for each stamp sold (to be determined by the Secretary of
the Interior after considering the increased cost of lands).
Public Law 94-215; 1976:
Authorized the sale of stamps by the Department of the Interior and
provided for deposit of receipts into Migratory
Bird Conservation Fund. Also provided for joint promulgation of regulations
by the Postal Service and the Secretary of the Interior and the sale
of stamps at any establishment, facility, or location. Substituted "September"
for "June" in relation to redemption of blocks of stamps, and provided
for consignments of stamps to any person (not limited to post offices
and retail dealers only).
Public Law 95-552; The Act of October 30, 1978: Authorized an increase
in the price of the stamp to $7.50 if all sums appropriated to the Migratory
Bird Conservation Fund in the proceeding fiscal year were obligated.
Public Law 97-307; The Act of October 14, 1982; amended the 1934
Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act: Authorized the use of Duck Stamp Contest
entry fees to administer the Duck Stamp Contest.
Public Law 98-369; The Act of July 8, 1984; Amended the Act of 1934:
Authorized color and black and white reproductions of migratory bird
hunting stamps subject to terms and conditions deemed necessary by the
Secretary of the Interior; and provided that any proceeds received by
the Federal Government as a result of such reproduction shall be paid
into the Migratory Bird Conservation Fund. All color reproductions must
be less than three-fourths or at least one-and-one-half times the linear
size of the actual stamp. (Licensing Program)
Public Law 99-645; The Act of November 10, 1986; Emergency Wetlands
Resources Act of 1986: Section 201 authorizes the Secretary to charge
admission permits (entrance fees) at designated units of the National
Wildlife Refuge System; except that the Secretary may not require an
admission permit to any person who holds a valid Migratory Bird Hunting
and Conservation Stamp, a valid Golden Eagle Passport, a valid Golden
Age Passport, or a valid lifetime admission permit.
Section 202 provided for an increase in the price of the Migratory
Bird Hunting and Conservation Stamp to $10 in hunting years 1987 and
1988, $12.50 in 1989 and 1990, and $15.00 in each hunting year thereafter.
Public Law 100-653; The Act of November 14, 1988; The Wetlands Loan
Act and Migratory Bird Hunting Stamp Act Amendment; amended the 1934
Act: Authorizes the Secretary of the Interior to finance the marketing
expenses involved in the Duck Stamp Licensing Program from the royalties
derived from that program.
Public Law 103-340; Signed October 6, 1994 authorized appropriations
to expand implementation of the Federal Junior Duck Stamp Conservation
and Design Program conducted by the United States Fish and Wildlife
Service. This is an educational program enabling school children across
the Nation to learn about wildlife conservation. The Junior Duck Stamp
is presently a collectable and is not required for hunting. Proceeds
from the sale of the Junior Duck Stamp must be used for conservation
education awards and scholarships to the program participants.
Public Law 105-269; Signed
October 19, 1998. "The Migratory Bird Hunting
and Conservation Stamp Promotion Act".
16 USC 718(d): Promotion of Stamp Sales.
"(1) The Secretary of
the Interior may utilize funds from the sales of migratory bird
hunting and conservation stamps, not to exceed
in each of fiscal years 1999, 2000, 2001, 2002, and 2003, for
the promotion of additional sales of those stamps, in accordance
a Migratory bird Conservation commission approved annual marketing
plan. Such promotion shall include the preparation of reports,
brochures, or other appropriate materials to be made available
to the public
that describe the benefits to wildlife derived from stamp sales."
"(2) The Secretary of
the Interior shall include in each annual report of the Commission
under section 3 of the Migratory Bird
Conservation Act (16 USC 715b) a description of activities conducted
subsection in the year covered by the report."