Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge
Mountain-Prairie Region

Species of Special Concern

Common Loon - (Gavia adamsii)

  • Family: Loons (Gaviidae)
  • Status: Occasional migrant
  • Monitoring Program: Bimonthly survey

American Bittern - (Botaurus lentiginosus)

  • Family: Herons and Allies (Ardeidae)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Bimonthly survey and breeding song survey

Photo of American bittern - Photo credit: Don Poggensee

White-faced Ibis - (Plegadis chihi)

  • Family: Herons and Allies (Threskiornithidae)
  • Status: Breeding? No nests since 1993
  • Monitoring Program: Bimonthly Survey, nest search

Photo of white-faced ibis - Photo credit: Don Poggensee

Trumpeter Swan - (Cygnus bucccinator)

  • Family: Swans, Geese and Ducks (Anatidae)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Bimonthly survey and nest watch

Northern Harrier - (Circus cyaneus)

  • Family: Kites, Hawks, Eagles and Ospreys (Accipitridae)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Breeding male survey

Ferruginous Hawk - (Buteo regalis)

  • Family: Kites, Hawks, Eagles and Ospreys (Accipitridae)
  • Status: Migrant and winter resident
  • Monitoring Program: Record all observations

Black Rail - (Laterallus jamaicensis)

  • Family: Rails, Gallinules, and Coots (Rallidae)
  • Status: Rare breeding?
  • Monitoring Program: Record all observations

Upland Sandpiper - (Bartramia longicauda)

  • Family: Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Bimonthly survey, breeding bird survey, Study on habitat selection 1980

Long-billed Curlew - (Numenius americanus)

  • Family: Sandpipers (Scolopacidae)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Bimonthly survey; Study on habitat selection and behavior 1976

Photo of long-billed curlew - Photo credit: Don Poggensee

Black Tern - (Chidonias niger)

  • Family: Terns (Laridae)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Bimonthly survey

Barn Owl - (Tyto alba)

  • Family: Barn owls (Tytoidae)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Nest box monitoring; produces 100-120 young annually.

Photo of barn owl - Photo credit: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Burrowing Owl - (Athene cunicularia)

  • Family: Owls (Strigidaqe)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Record all sightings

Photo of burrowing owl - Photo credit: Don Poggensee

Short-eared Owl - (Asio flammeus)

  • Family: Owls (Strigidaqe)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Record all sightings

Red-headed Woodpecker - (Melanerpes erythrocephalus)

  • Family: Woodpeckers (Picidae)
  • Status: Migrant
  • Monitoring Program: Record all sightings

Loggerhead Shrike - (Lanius excubitor)

  • Family: Shrikes (Laniidae)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Record all sightings

Dickcisel - (Spiza americana)

  • Family: Carduline Finches (Fringillidae)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Breeding bird survey

Lark Bunting - (Calamospiza melanocorys)

  • Family: Sparrows (Emberizidae)
  • Status:
  • Monitoring Program:

Field Sparrow - (Spizella pusilla)

  • Family: Sparrows (Emberizidae)
  • Status: Migrant
  • Monitoring Program: Record all sightings

Lark Sparrow - (Chondestes grammacus)

  • Family: Sparrows (Emberizidae)
  • Status: Breeding
  • Monitoring Program: Breeding bird survey
Last updated: March 21, 2011