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The influence of global climate change on the scientific foundations and applications of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry: Introduction to a SETAC international workshop 2013. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
This is the first of seven papers resulting from a Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry (SETAC) international workshop titled “The Influence of Global Climate Change on the Scientific Foundations and Applications...
Implications of Global Climate Change for Natural Resource Damage Assessment, Restoration, and Rehabilitation 2013. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Various international and national regulations hold polluters liable for the cleanup of released hazardous substances and the restoration/rehabilitation of natural resources to preincident baseline conditions, a process often...
Toxicity of sediments potentially contaminated by coal mining and natural gas extraction to unionid mussels and commonly tested benthic invertebrate 2013. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Sediment toxicity tests were conducted to assess potential effects of contaminants associated with coal mining or natural gas extraction activities in the upper Tennessee River basin and eastern Cumberland River basin in the ...
Immunological and Reproductive Health Assessment in Herring Gulls and Black-Crowned Night Herons in the Hudson-Raritan Estuary 2012. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
(NOTE: Accepted Article. This manuscript has been accepted, but has not been edited or formatted. It will be published at a future date.) Previous studies have shown inexplicable declines in breeding waterbirds within western...
Acute effects of road salts and associated cyanide compounds on the early life stages of the unionid mussel Villosa iris 2012. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The toxicity of cyanide to the early life stages of freshwater mussels (order Unionida) has remained unexplored. Cyanide is known to be acutely toxic to other aquatic organisms. Cyanide-containing compounds, such as sodium fe...
Chronic hydrocarbon exposure of harlequin ducks in areas affected by the Selendang Ayu oil spill at Unalaska Island, Alaska 2012. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
We evaluated chronic exposure of harlequin ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus) to hydrocarbons associated with the 2004?M/V Selendang Ayu oil spill at Unalaska Island, Alaska. We measured levels of hepatic 7-ethoxyresorufin-O-d...
Lethal Effects of Water Quality on Threatened California Salamanders but Not on Co-Occurring Hybrid Salamanders 2012. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Early View (Online Version of Record published before inclusion in an issue.) Biological invasions and habitat alteration are often detrimental to native species, but their interactions are difficult to predict. Interbreeding...
A Geospatial Approach to Identify Water Quality Issues for National Wildlife Refuges in Oregon and Washington 2011. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management
Many National Wildlife Refuges (Refuges) have impaired water quality resulting from historic and current land uses, upstream sources, and aerial pollutant deposition. Competing duties limit the time available for Refuge staff...
Twice as easy to catch- A toxicant and a predator cue cause additive reductions in larval amphibian activity? 2011. Ecosphere
Toxicants may harm predators or prey differentially, hindering clear determination of multiple stressor effects on predation dynamics in polluted aquatic systems. We built on a prior field study in which we demonstrated that ...
Global climate change and environmental contaminants: A SETAC call for research (Editorial) 2010. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Sensitivity of early life stages of freshwater mussels (Unionidae) to acute and chronic toxicity of lead, cadmium, and zinc in water. 2010. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Toxicity of lead, cadmium, or zinc to early life stages of freshwater mussels (fatmucket, Lampsilis siliquoidea; Neosho mucket, L. rafinesqueana) was evaluated in 48-h exposures with mussel larvae (glochidia), in 96-h exposur...
A Comparison of Mercury Contamination in Mussel and Ammocoete Filter Feeders 2010. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management
The Trinity River, California, has an extensive history of gold and mercury mining, and recent studies demonstrated uptake of legacy mercury contamination by teleost fishes. We investigated mercury concentrations of larval la...
Epizootic of Beak Deformities Among Wild Birds in Alaska: An Emerging Disease in North America 2010. The Auk
The sudden appearance of a large cluster of animals with gross abnormalities may signal a significant change in an ecosystem. We describe an unusual concentration of beak deformities that appear to have arisen rapidly within...
Prairie Dogs, Pesticides, and Protected Species: Concerns for Anticoagulant Use in a Sensitive Ecosystem.: Proceedings of the 24th Vertebrate Pest Conference (R.M. Timm and K.A. Fagerstone, Eds.). 2010. Proceedings of the Vertebrate Pest Conference
The black-tailed prairie dog occupies an estimated 2.4 million acres in the western U.S and is considered to be a keystone species of the Great Plains due to its influence on biological diversity and ecosystem function. Over...
The Nexus Between Ecological Risk Assessment and Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under CERCLA: Introduction to a Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry Technical Workshop 2009. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
This is 1 of 4 papers reporting on the results of a SETAC technical workshop titled "The Nexus Between Ecological Risk Assessment and Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under CERCLA: Understanding and Improving the Common Sci...
Translating Ecological Risk to Ecosystem Service Loss 2009. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
This is 1 of 4 papers reporting on the results of a SETAC technical workshop titled "The Nexus between Ecological Risk Assessment and Natural Resource Damage Assessment under CERCLA: Understanding and Improving the Common Sci...
Ecological Risk Assessment and Natural Resource Damage Assessment: Synthesis of Assessment Procedures 2009. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
This is 1 of 4 papers reporting on the results of a SETAC technical workshop titled "The Nexus Between Ecological Risk Assessment and Natural Resource Damage Assessment Under CERCLA: Understanding and Improving the Common Sci...
Chemical Contaminants, Pathogen Exposure and General Health Status of Live and Beach-Cast Washington Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) 2009.
Analyses of blood and liver samples from live captured sea otters and liver samples from beach-cast sea otter carcasses off the remote Washington coast indicate relatively low exposure to contaminants, but suggest that even a...
Endangered species and Migratory Bird Treaty Act considerations in rodenticide registration and use.: Proceedings of the Twelfth Wildlife Damage Management Conference. 2008.
April 9-12, 2007. Corpus Christi, Texas...
Polybrominated Diphenyl Ethers in Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) Eggs from the Northeastern U.S. 2008.
Peregrine falcon eggs from nests in Connecticut, Massachusetts, Maine, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Vermont were analyzed for polybrominanted diphenyl ethers (PBDEs). Eggs were collected from 1996 to 2006, excluding 1997 ...
Evaluation of polychlorinated biphenyl remediation at a superfund site using tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) as indicators. 2008. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
We studied tree swallows (Tachycineta bicolor) at the Sangamo National Priorities List (NPL) site and a reference area (Little Grassy) within Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge, Illinois, USA, to evaluate the bioavailabili...
Assessment of exposure risk of polychlorinated biphenyls to interior least terns (Sterna antillarum) 2008. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Risk of polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) exposure and effects were assessed for a colony of federally endangered interior least terns (Sterna antillarum) nesting on the Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge (NM, USA). The colony...
Activity Budgets and Prey Consumption of Sea Otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) in Washington 2008. Aquatic Mammals Journal
Northern sea otters (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) were extirpated from the Washington coast in the early 1900s. Reintroductions of sea otters from Amchitka Island, Alaska, occurred in 1969 and 1970. By 2005, 814 sea otters occupie...
Embryo Toxicity of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo- p- Dioxin to the Wood Duck ( Aix sponsa ) 2008.
We examined the sensitivity of the wood duck (Aix sponsa) embryo to 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) by injecting the toxicant into their eggs. ...
Accumulation of Environmental Contaminants in Wood Duck ( Aix sponsa ) Eggs, with Emphasis on Polychlorinated Dibenzo- p -Dioxins and Polychlorinated Dibenzofurans 2008. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
We measured polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), organochlorine pesticides, and mercury in wood duck (Aix sponsa) eggs collected near a North Caro...
INFLUENCE OF pH ON THE ACUTE TOXICITY OF AMMONIA TO JUVENILE FRESHWATER MUSSELS (FATMUCKET, LAMPSILIS SILIQUOIDEA) 2008.
The objective of the present study was to evaluate the influence of pH on the toxicity of ammonia to juvenile freshwater mussels. ...
Differential exposure, duration, and sensitivity of Unionoidean bivalve life stages to environmental contaminants. 2008.
Freshwater mussels (superfamily Unionoidea) are in serious global decline and in urgent need of protection and conservation. The declines have been attributed to a wide array of human activities resulting in pollution and wat...
Intra- and inter-laboratory variability in acute toxicity tests with glochidia and juvenile mussels. 2008. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The present study evaluated the performance and variability in acute toxicity tests with glochidia and newly transformed juvenile mussels using the standard methods outlined in American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM...
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Wood Frogs (Rana Sylvatica) from three National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska, USA. 2008. Herpetological Review
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Road Proximity Increases Risk of Skeletal Abnormalities in Wood Frogs from National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska 2008. Environmental Health Perspectives
Skeletal and eye abnormalities in amphibians are not well understood, and they appear to be increasing while global populations decline. Here, we present the first study of amphibian abnormalities in Alaska. In this study we ...
Marine Foraging Birds As Bioindicators of Mercury in the Gulf of Maine 2008. EcoHealth
From existing databases, we compiled and evaluated 604 total mercury (Hg) levels in the eggs and blood of 17 species of marine foraging birds from 35 Gulf of Maine islands to provide baseline data and to determine the best ...
Concentrations of Metals in Blood and Feathers of Nestling Ospreys ( Pandion haliaetus ) in Chesapeake and Delaware Bays 2008. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
In 2000, 2001, and 2002, blood and feather samples were collected from 40-45-day-old nestling ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) from Chesapeake Bay and Delaware Bay and River. Concentrations of 18 metals, metalloids, and other elem...
Mercury concentrations in blood and feathers of prebreeding Forster's terns in relation to space use of San Francisco Bay, California, USA, habitats. 2008. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
We examined mercury concentrations and space use of prebreeding Forster's terns (Sterna forsteri) in San Francisco Bay, California, USA, to assess factors influencing mercury levels in piscivorous birds. In 2005 and 2006, we ...
Mercury correlations among six tissues for four waterbird species breeding in San Francisco Bay, USA. 2008. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
In Press, Accepted April 6, 2008. No abstract available....
A General Approach to Modeling Biphasic Relationships 2008. Environmental Science and Technology
Biphasic relationships can be found throughout the sciences, especially in the dose-response relationships of pharmacology, toxicology, agriculture, and nutrition. Accurate modeling of biphasic dose-response is an essential s...
Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis in Wood Frogs (Rana Sylvatica) from three National Wildlife Refuges in Alaska, USA. 2008. Herpetological Review
Description or Abstract Not Available...
The Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Habitat Protection as a Restoration Strategy 2008. Restoration Ecology
Habitat protection is a major component of the Exxon Valdez oil spill restoration process. The acquisition of private lands, or partial interests in private lands, is intended to promote natural recovery of spill-injured reso...
Contaminant exposure in terrestrial vertebrates 2007. Environmental Pollution
Here we review mechanisms and factors influencing contaminant exposure among terrestrial vertebrate wildlife. There exists a complex mixture of biotic and abiotic factors that dictate potential for contaminant exposure among ...
Recommendations for Conducting Cooperative Natural Resource Damage Assessment 2007.
The purpose of this document is to provide guidance to state and federal natural resources trustee agencies (Trustees) and parties responsible for oil spills or other pollution events (Responsible Parties) on how to: 1) ini...
Water Sediment Quality Survey of Threatened and Endangered Freshwater Mussel Habitat in the Chipola River Basin, Florida. 2007.
Reduced habitat quality may be contributing to the decline of freshwater mussels in southeastern rivers. As part of an ongoing evaluation of the quality of freshwater mussel habitat in Gulf Coastal Rivers, the Chipola River...
Review of the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service 2006 Abnormal Amphibian Project for the Southeast Region. 2007.
Preliminary screening assessments for abnormal amphibians were initiated on national wildlife refuges (NWRs) in the southeast region in 2000, with additional refuges included in each subsequent year (2001-2006) (Table 1, Figu...
Behavioral impairment and increased predation mortality in cutthroat trout exposed to carbaryl 2007. Marine Ecolology Progress Series
Willapa Bay is a coastal estuary in Washington State that provides seasonal rearing habitat for anadromous cutthroat trout Oncorhynchus clarki clarki. Cutthroat trout forage throughout the estuary in the summer months whe...
Chemical contaminants in fish feeds used in federal salmonid hatcheries in the USA 2007. Chemosphere
Recent studies have demonstrated that fish feeds contain significant concentrations of contaminants, many of which can bioaccumulate and bioconcentrate in fish. Organochlorine (OC) contaminants are present in the fish oils a...
Assessment of Florida's biological integrity standard in Watson Bayou of the St. Andrew Bay System, Bay County. 2007.
The biological integrity of contaminated sediments in Watson Bayou was evaluated. Results demonstrated the applicability of the biological integrity standard for estuarine systems in the State of Florida and the value of sedi...
Mercury concentrations and space use of pre-breeding American avocets and black-necked stilts in San Francisco Bay 2007.
We examined factors influencing mercury concentrations in pre-breeding American avocets (Recurvirostra americana) and black-necked stilts (Himantopus mexicanus), the two most abundant breeding shorebirds in San Francisco Bay,...
Mercury contamination and effects on survival of American avocet and black-necked stilt chicks in San Francisco Bay 2007.
We evaluated whether mercury influenced survival of free-ranging American avocet (Recurvirostra americana) and black-necked stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) chicks in San Francisco Bay, California. Using radio telemetry, we radio...
Editorial: Advances and opportunities in assessing the contaminant sensitivity of freshwater mussel early life stages. 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Acute toxicity of copper, ammonia, and chlorine to glochidia and juveniles of freshwater mussels (Unionidae). 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The objective of the present study was to determine acute toxicity of copper, ammonia, or chlorine to larval (glochidia) and juvenile mussels using the recently published American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Stan...
Chronic toxicity of copper and ammonia to juvenile mussels (Unionidae) 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The objectives of the present study were to develop methods for conducting chronic toxicity tests with juvenile mussels under flow-through conditions and to determine the chronic toxicity of copper and ammonia to juvenile mus...
An evaluation of freshwater mussel toxicity data in the derivation of water quality guidance and standards for copper. 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The state of Oklahoma has designated several areas as freshwater mussel sanctuaries in an attempt to provide freshwater mussel species a degree of protection and to facilitate their reproduction. We evaluated the protection a...
Contaminant Sensitivity of Freshwater Mussels: Risk assessment of water quality in three North Carolina streams supporting federally-endangered freshwater mussels. 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Water quality data were collected from three drainages supporting the endangered Carolina heelsplitter (Lasmigona decorata) and dwarf wedgemussel (Alasmidonta heterodon) to determine the potential for impaired water quality t...
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon exposure in Steller's eiders (Polysticta stelleri) and harlequin ducks (Histronicus histronicus) in the Eastern Aleutian Islands, Alaska, USA. 2007. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Seaducks may be affected by harmful levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) at seaports near the Arctic. ...
Technical issues affecting the implementation of US Environmental Protection Agency's proposed fish tissue-based aquatic criterion for selenium. 2007. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
The US Environmental Protection Agency is developing a national water quality criterion for selenium that is based on concentrations of the element in fish tissue. Although this approach offers advantages over the current wat...
Potential Hazards of Environmental Contaminants to Avifauna Residing in the Chesapeake Bay Estuary 2007.
A search of the Contaminant Exposure and Effects-Terrestrial Vertebrates (CEE-TV) database revealed that 70% of the 839 Chesapeake Bay records deal with avian species. Studies conducted on waterbirds in the past 15 years indi...
Contaminants in lesser scaup eggs and blood from Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge, Alaska. 2007. The Condor
Documented declines in Lesser Scaup (Aythya affinis) populations may be caused by several factors, including reduced reproductive success or survival from exposure to environmental contaminants during winter, migration, or br...
Trace Element Concentrations in Livers of Polar Bears from Two Populations in Northern and Western Alaska. 2007. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Concentrations of 20 trace elements (V, Cr, Mn, Co, Cu, Zn, Rb, Sr, Mo, Ag, Cd, In, Sn, Sb, Cs, Ba, Hg, Tl, Pb, and Bi) were measured in livers of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) collected from Northern and Western Alaska from ...
Influence of water quality and associated contaminants on survival and growth of the endangered Cape Fear shiner. 2006. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The Cape Fear shiner (Notropis mekistocholas) is a recently described cyprinid species endemic to the Cape Fear River Basin of North Carolina, USA. Only five populations of the fish remain; thus, it is listed as endangered by...
Brominated Flame Retardants in Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) from Alaska, the Canadian Arctic, East Greenland, and Svalbard 2006.
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were determined in adipose tissue of adult and subadult female polar bears sampled between 1999 and 2002 from sub-populations in Arctic Canada, eastern Greenland, and Svalbard, and in ma...
Rana sylvatica (wood frog). Chytridiomycosis 2006. Herpetological Review
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Department of Biology, University of Salmanca, Salmanca, Spain 2006. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
We exposed larval southern leopard frogs (Rana sphenocephala) to lead-contaminated sediments to determine the lethal and sublethal effects of this metal. Tadpoles were laboratory-raised from early free-swimming stage through ...
EFFECTS OF SEDIMENT-BOUND ZINC CONTAMINATION ON EARLY LIFE STAGES OF THE MUMMICHOG (FUNDULUS HETEROCLITUS L.) IN THE CHRISTINA WATERSHED, DELAWARE, USA 2006. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
During the last century, the Christina River, the major estuarine river system in New Castle County (DE, USA), has received loadings of organic and inorganic chemicals, primarily from manufacturing facilities. Among the most ...
Tumor Prevalence in Mummichogs from the Delaware Estuary Watershed 2006.
Mummichogs Fundulus heteroclitus were collected in 2002–2004 from six locations within the Delaware Estuary watershed and examined histopathologically. The objective was to compare the prevalence of skin and liver tumors in f...
Effect of piperonyl butoxide on permethrin toxicity in the amphipod Hyalella azteca 2006. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Piperonyl butoxide (PBO) is a synergist of pyrethroid pesticides found in many products for structural pest control, mosquito control, and home and garden uses. Because both PBO and pyrethroid residues potentially co-occur in...
Brominated Flame Retardants in Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) from Alaska, the Canadian Arctic, East Greenland, and Svalbard 2006. Environmental Science and Technology
Polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) were determined in adipose tissue of adult and subadult female polar bears sampled between 1999 and 2002 from sub-populations in Arctic Canada, eastern Greenland, and Svalbard, and in ma...
Temporal Trends of Perfluoroalkyl Contaminants in Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) from Two Locations in the North American Arctic, 1972-2002 2006. Environmental Science and Technology
Perfluoroalkyl substances are globally distributed anthropogenic contaminants. Their production and use have increased dramatically from the early 1980s. While many recent publications have reported concentrations of perfluor...
Implications of Water and Sediment Quality Distribution for Seagrass Restoration in West Bay of the St. Andrew Bay System. 2005. Florida Scientist
Seagrass losses have been reported for the area of St. Andrew Bay known as West Bay, in Bay County, Florida. Utilizing both field density observations and aerial photography extrapolation for 1953, 1964, 1980, and 1992 images...
Retrospective Ecotoxicological Data and Current Information Needs for Terrestrial Vertebrates Residing in Coastal Habitat of the United States. 2005. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
The Contaminant Exposure and Effects - Terrestrial Vertebrates (CEE-TV) database was developed to conduct simple searches for ecotoxicological information, examine exposure trends, and identify significant data gaps. The CEE-...
Using the Sediment Quality Triad to Characterize Toxic Conditions in the Chesapeake Bay (2002): An Assessment of Tidal River Segments in the Bohemia, Elk, Northeast and Severn Rivers 2005.
In 1999, the Chesapeake Bay Program Toxics Subcommittee characterized the tidal tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay for their potential for adverse effects due to chemical contamination. One finding was that, due to a paucity ...
Tumor Prevalence in Brown Bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus), from the South River, Anne Arundel County, MD 2005.
The South River is a tributary of the Chesapeake Bay flowing near Annapolis, Maryland. In March 2005, brown bullheads were collected in a fyke net set about 1.25 km downriver of the Route 50 Bridge. A total of 30 brown bull...
Water and sediment quality integrity survey of threatened and endangered freshwater mussel habitat in the Ochlockonee River basin. 2005.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) Freshwater Mussels Recovery Plan (USFWS 2003) called for the evaluation of freshwater mussel habitat in the Ochlockonee River of Florida and Georgia to identify areas with factors ...
Sediment quality survey of the Choctawhatchee Bay system in the Florida panhandle. 2005.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Potential impact of Dare County landfills on Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge. 2005.
Runoff of leachate from East Lake and Dare County Construction and Demolition Debris landfills has the potential to impact wildlife resources at Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge, Dare and Hyde Counties, North Carolina...
Toxicity of fluoride to the endangered unionid mussel, Alasmidonta raveneliana, and surrogate species. 2005.
The Appalacian elktoe (Alasmidonta raveneliana) is a federally-listed endangered unionid mussel whose range once included the Cumberland and Tennessee River drainages, but is now limited to the Tennessee River and its tributa...
Retention of Surgically Implanted Ultrasonic Transmitters in the Brown Bullhead Catfish 2005.
Our objective was to compare the ability of brown bullheads Ameiurus nebulosus to tolerate the implantation of ultrasonic transmitters with different coatings. A total of 14 brown bullheads were surgically implanted with ultr...
Brown Bullhead as an Indicator Species: Seasonal Movement Patterns and Home Ranges within the Anacostia River, Washington, D.C 2005.
Elevated liver and skin tumor prevalence has been reported in brown bullhead Ameiurus nebulosus from the tidal Anacostia River, Washington, D.C. Movement data are needed to effectively use tumor prevalence as an indicator of ...
EFFECTS OF CONTAMINANT EXPOSURE ON REPRODUCTIVE SUCCESS OF OSPREYS (PANDION HALIAETUS) NESTING IN DELAWARE RIVER AND BAY, USA 2005. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Despite serious water-quality problems and pollutant loading and retention, Delaware River and Bay (USA) provide important wildlife habitat. In 2002, we conducted a comprehensive evaluation of contaminant exposure and reprodu...
Assessing Contaminant Sensitivity of Endangered and Threatened Aquatic Species: Part I. Acute Toxicity of Five Chemicals 2005. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Assessment of contaminant impacts to federally identified endangered, threatened and candidate, and state-identified endangered species (collectively referred to as "listed" species) requires understanding of a species' sensi...
Assessing Contaminant Sensitivity of Endangered and Threatened Aquatic Species: Part III. Effluent Toxicity Tests 2005. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Toxicity tests using standard effluent test procedures described by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency were conducted with Ceriodaphnia dubia, fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas), and seven threatened and endangered (...
ATTEMPTS TO IDENTIFY THE SOURCE OF AVIAN VACUOLAR MYELINOPATHY FOR WATERBIRDS 2005.
Attempts were made to reproduce avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM) in a number of test animals in order to determine the source of the causative agent for birds and to find a suitable animal model for future studies. Submerged...
Chlorinated, Brominated, and Perfluorinated Contaminants in Livers of Polar Bears from Alaska 2005. Environmental Science and Technology
The existence of two subpopulations of polar bears in Alaska, the Beaufort Sea and the Chukchi Sea populations, has been documented. In this study, differences in concentrations and profiles of organochlorine pesticides, poly...
Circumpolar Study of Perfluoroalkyl Contaminants in Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) 2005. Environmental Science and Technology
Perfluoroalkyl substances were determined in liver tissues and blood of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from five locations in the North American Arctic and two locations in the European Arctic. Concentrations of perfluorooctan...
Chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants and metabolites in polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from Alaska, Canada, East Greenland, and Svalbard: 1996-2002 2005. Science of The Total Environment
A suite of chlorinated hydrocarbon contaminants (CHCs) including organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and by-products, polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), and methyl sulfone (MeSO2) PCB and p,p--dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene (p,...
Tumor Prevalence in Brown Bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus) from Darby Creek, John Heinz NWR at Tinicum, Philadelphia, PA 2004.
The John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum (JHNWRT) is located along Darby Creek near its confluence with the Delaware River, south of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (USA). The Refuge hosts the largest freshwater tidal ...
Evaluation of Tumor Prevalence in Mummichogs (Fundulus heteroclitus) from the Delaware Estuary Watershed: Final Report 2004.
Environmental scientists and managers often use tumor surveys with freshwater, estuarine, and marine fish as indicators of habitat quality. In 2002-2004, we collected mummichogs (Fundulus heteroclitus, > 70 mm total length,...
Ecological Risk Assessment For Range 17 (Trap and Skeet Range): Patuxent Research Refuge, Laurel, Maryland 2004.
Patuxent Research Refuge (PRR) located in Laurel, Maryland (MD). The samples were analyzed for antimony (Sb), arsenic (As), copper (Cu), and lead (Pb) using a field portable x-ray fluorescence (XRF) analyzer. Antimony, As, a...
Could blackbird mortality from avicide DRC-1339 contribute to avain botulism outbreaks in North Dakota? 2004. Wildlife Society Bulletin
Blackbird (family lcteridae) depredation on sunflower (Helianthus annuus) crops in the prairie states of the United States has motivated the proposed use of an avicide, DRC-1339 (3-chloro-4-methylaniline), to decrease their n...
The phosphoria formation: A model for forecasting global selenium sources to the environment 2004. Handbook of Exploration and Environmental Geochemistry
Mining of the Permian Phosphoria Formation — a marine, oil-generating, phosphatic shale — provided the selenium (Se) source implicated in the recent deaths of livestock in southeast Idaho. Field studies and the geohydrologi...
Tumor Prevalence and Biomarkers of Exposure in Brown Bullhead ( Ameiurus nebulosus) from Back River, Furnace Creek, and Tuckahoe River, Maryland 2004. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Brown bullheads (Ameiurus nebulosus) were collected from 2 locations near Baltimore, Maryland, Back River and Furnace Creek, and 1 (reference) location, Tuckahoe River, to compare the prevalence of tumors (liver and skin) and...
Contaminant Exposure and Reproductive Success of Ospreys ( Pandion haliaetus) Nesting in Chesapeake Bay Regions of Concern 2004. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
The Chesapeake Bay osprey population has more than doubled in size since restrictions were placed on the production and use of DDT and other toxic organochlorine contaminants in the 1970s. Ospreys are now nesting in the most ...
TUMOR PREVALENCE AND BIOMARKERS OF EXPOSURE AND RESPONSE IN BROWN BULLHEAD (AMEIURUS NEBULOSUS) FROM THE ANACOSTIA RIVER, WASHINGTON, DC AND TUCKAHOE RIVER, MARYLAND, USA 2004. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
We evaluated liver and skin tumor prevalence and biomarkers of exposure and response in brown bullhead (Ameiurus nebulosus) from three locations in the Anacostia River (Washington, DC, USA), a Chesapeake Bay region of concern...
Sediment Contamination Survey on St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge. 2003. Florida Scientist
A survey was conducted by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to assess habitat quality on the St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge (NWR). Sediment samples were collected at 32 sites within (n = 14) or north (n = 18) of the NWR....
A survey of dioxin and furan compounds in sediments of Florida Panhandle Bay systems. 2003. Marine Pollution Bulletin
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Evaluation of Endocrine Disrupting Effects in Potomac River Fish 2003.
The Potomac River estuary, the second largest tributary to Chesapeake Bay, is an important nursery and spawning area for both migratory and resident fish species of commercial and recreational importance. The objective of t...
Investigation of Fish Tissue Contaminant Concentrations at Painted Turtle Pond, Occoquan Bay NWR, Woodbridge, VA: Final Report 2003.
Painted Turtle Pond is a 1.1-hectare (2.7-acre) man-made pond located on the Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge (NWR), Woodbridge, Virginia. This 234-hectare (579-acre) refuge is part of the Potomac River NWR Complex. Th...
Contaminant Assessment Process Report for Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge 2003.
The Biomonitoring of Environmental Status and Trends (BEST) program identifies and evaluates the effects of environmental contaminants on lands and biological resources managed by the Department of the Interior (DOI). The p...
Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, Sarcocystis neurona, and Sarcocystis canis-like infections in marine mammals 2003. Veterinary Parasitology
Toxoplasma gondii, Neospora caninum, Sarcocystis neurona, and S. canis are related protozoans that can cause mortality in many species of domestic and wild animals. Recently, T. gondii and S. neurona were recognized to caus...
Investigation of Frog Abnormalities on National Wildlife Refuges in the Northeast U.S. 2003.
For further information, please see the contact information for the Chesapeake Bay Field Office. http://www.fws.gov/chesapeakebay/contact.html...
Evaluation of the Potential Impact of Water and Sediment from National Wildlife Refuge Sites Using a Modified Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay- Xenopus (FETAX) 2003.
Over the past five years, comprehensive annual surveys by U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) personnel have identified sites with a high prevalence of abnormal native amphibians. A number of these sites are located within...
Concentrations of metals in feathers and blood of nestling black-crowned nightherons (Nycticorax nycticorax) in Chesapeake and Delaware Bays. 2003. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Multiple Stressor Effects in Relation to Declining Amphibian Populations: A Wingspread Workshop summary. 2003.
Numerous studies have documented the decline of amphibian populations over the past decade and no single factor has been the linked to these widespread declines. Determining the causes of declining amphibian populations world...
Determination of Malathion Aerial Drift and Associated Effects to the Endangered Wyoming Toad (Bufo baxteri) Using Surrogate Woodhouse's Toads (Bufo woodhousii) at Mortenson and Hutton Lake National Wildlife Refuges and Potential Reintroduction Sites 2003.
The endangered Wyoming toad is confined to Mortenson National Wildlife Refuge in southeast Wyoming. Pesticide aerial drift from mosquito control activities adjacent to the refuge may be partially responsible for the toad's de...
Multiple stressors and declining amphibian populations: An integrated analysis of cause-effect to support adaptive resource management. 2003.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Epilogue: Scientific direction, recommendations, and habitat restoration. 2003.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Methodological refinements in the determination of 146 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), including non-ortho and monoortho substituted PCBs,: and 26 organochlorine pesticides as demonstrated in heron eggs. 2003.
A method for the determination of 146 polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), including four non-ortho- and eight mono-ortho-substituted congeners, and 26 chlorinated pesticides is described. The method consists of ultrasonic extra...
Vacuolar myelinopathy in waterfowl from a North Carolina impoundment. 2003. Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Vacuolar myelinopathy was confirmed by light and electron microscopic examination of mallards (Anas platyrhynchos), ring-necked ducks (Aythya collaris), and buffleheads (Bucephala albeola) collected during an epizootic at Lak...
Water quality guidance for protection of freshwater mussels (Unionidae) from ammonia exposure. 2003. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Ammonia toxicity data for freshwater mussels (Unionidae), a significantly imperiled taxa, were used to derive estimates of concentrations that would not likely be harmful in acute and chronic exposures and to assess the prote...
Lipophilic organic compounds in lake sediment and American coot (Fulica americana) tissues, both affected and unaffected by avian vacuolar myelinopathy. 2003. Science of The Total Environment
Avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM) is a disease of unknown etiology, which has been diagnosed in a variety of birds from surface water reservoirs in the southeastern United States. Pathology suggests a natural or anthropogenic...
Failure to Transmit Avian Vacuolar Myelinopathy to Mallard Ducks 2003. Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM) is a neurologic disease that has been diagnosed in free-ranging birds in the southeastern United States. Bald eagles (Haliaeetus leuocephalus), American coots (Fulica americana), and mal...
Assessment of Toxicity Reduction in Wastewater Effluent Flowing Through a Treatment Wetland Using Pimephales promelas , Ceriodaphnia dubia , and Vibrio fischeri 2002. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Effluent toxicity is regularly assessed with Ceriodaphnia dubia short-term chronic and Vibrio fischeri toxicity tests. Condition factor and hemotocrit of fish have recently been used to assess fish health following exposure t...
Sublethal effects in avocet and stilt hatchlings from selenium-contaminated sites 2002. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Excess selenium (Se) in the aquatic food chain is embryotoxic and teratogenic to avocets, stilts, and other waterbirds. American avocet (Recurvirostra americana) and black-necked stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) eggs were collect...
Avian vacuolar myelinopathy: A newly recognized fatal neurologic disease of eagles, waterfowl, and other birds. 2002. Tideline: A Quarterly Publication by the San
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Epizootiologic studies of avian vacuolar myelinopathy in waterbirds. 2002. Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Epizootic avian vacuolar myelinopathy (AVM) was first recognized as a neurologic disease in bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) and American coots (Fulica americana) in Arkansas, USA in 1994 and 1996, respectively, but a...
Harlequin Duck Population Recovery Following the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill: Progress, Process and Constraints 2002.
ABSTRACT: Following the 1989 'Exxon Valdez' oil spill in Prince William Sound, Alaska, we studied the status of recovery of harlequin duck Histrionicus histrionicus populations during 1995 to 1998. We evaluated potential cons...
Elemental and organochlorine residues in bald eagles from Adak Island, Alaska. 2002. Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Adak Island is a remote island in the Aleutian Island archipelago of Alaska (USA) and home to various military activities since World War II. To assess the contaminant burden of one of Adak Island's top predators, livers and ...
Environmental contaminants in four eider species from Alaska and arctic Russia. 2002.
Population declines in four species of eider; common (Somateria mollissima), king (Somateria spectabilis), spectacled (Somateria fischeri) and Steller's (Polysticta stelleri), have raised concerns about exposure to contaminan...
Contaminants in arctic snow collected over Northwest Alaskan sea ice. 2002. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
Snow cores were collected over sea ice from four northwest Alaskan Arctic estuaries that represented the annual snowfallfrom the 1995–1996 season. Dissolved trace metals, major cationsand anions, total mercury, and organochl...
Polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins, dibenzofurans and polychlorinated biphenyls in polar bear, penguin and south polar skua. 2002. Environmental Pollution
Concentrations of 2378-substituted polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), dibenzofurans (DFs) and non- and mono-ortho-substituted polychlorinated biphenyls (dioxin-like PCBs) were measured in livers of polar bears from th...
Clinical features of avian vacuolar myelinopathy in American coots 2002. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Assessment of the efficacy of a constructed wetland system to reduce or remove wastewater effluent toxicity and estrogenicity using biomarkers in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas Rafinesque,1820). 2001. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
The toxicity and estrogenicity of a final treated municipal effluent was examined while flowing through a constructed wetland in north-central Texas, USA. Fish data were collected, and a baseline wetland characterization was ...
Assessment of the wastewater effluent estrogenicity using the vitellogenin biomarker in fathead minnows (Pimephales promelas). 2001. Texas Journal of Science
Vitellogenin is a frequently used biomarker in fish models to assess estrogenicity. Male fathead minnows, Pimephales promelas, were exposed to undiluted wastewater effluent for one, two or three weeks. Vitellogenin induction ...
Organochlorine Compounds and Aliphatic Hydrocarbons in Pacific Walrus Blubber. 2001. Marine Pollution Bulletin
Blubber samples were collected from 8 male and 19 female Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) taken during a 1991 joint USA/USSR cruise traveling widely through the Bering Sea. Dieldrin was found at a level similar to...
Contaminant residue analysis of fish tissues from Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge-Kansas. 2000.
Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge (Refuge) was added to the National Wildlife Refuges system in 1992. During public involvement in acquisition planning, the Service committed to opening the Refuge to recreational fi...
Cytochrome P450 1A Induction in Sea Ducks Inhabiting Nearshore Areas of Prince William Sound, Alaska 2000. Marine Pollution Bulletin
Following the Exxon-Valdez oil spill, hepatic rates of EROD activity and thus, P450 1A expression, were significantly higher in harlequin ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus) and Barrow’s goldeneyes (Bucephala islandica) from oi...
Contaminant Exposure and Biomarker Responses in Spectacled Eiders ( Somateria fischeri ) from St. Lawrence Island, Alaska 2000. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Effects of chemical contaminant exposure may be contributing to the decline of spectacled eiders (Somateria fischeri) nesting in coastal areas of western Alaska. We evaluated chemical exposure and potential effects in 20 male...
Polychlorinated biphenyls in arctic and antarctic organisms: polar bear, krill, fish, Weddell seal, and skua. 2000. Organohalogen Compunds
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Use of skin biopsies for assessing levels of organochlorines in walruses (Odobenus rosmarus) 2000. Polar Biology
Skin and blubber samples of ten adult male Pacific walruses (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) from Alaska were used to investigate the relationship between organochlorine (OC) levels in skin and blubber of individuals. For analys...
Chlorinated Hydrocarbon Contaminants in Polar Bears from Eastern Russia, North America, Greenland, and Svalbard: Biomonitoring of Arctic Pollution. 1998. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Adipose tissue samples from polar bears (Ursus maritimus) were obtained by necropsy or biopsy between the spring of 1989 to the spring of 1993 from Wrangel Island in Russia, most of the range of the bear in North America, eas...
Organochlorines and mercury in peregrine falcon eggs from western North Carolina. 1998. Journal of Raptor Research
Concentrations of organochlorine pesticides and mercury were determined in five Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus) eggs collected from a re-established population in western North Carolina. Geometric mean concentrations of p...
An epizootic of common loons in coastal waters of North Carolina: Concentrations of elemental contaminants and results of necropsies. 1998. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
A 1993 die-off of common loons (Gavia immer) in the coastal waters of North Carolina was investigated with emphasis on comparing mercury, selenium, arsenic and lead between birds from the epizootic and reference specimens. Di...
Soluble Trace Elements and Total Mercury in Arctic Alaskan Snow. 1997. Arctic
Ultraclean field and laboratory procedures were used to examine trace element concentrations in northern Alaskan snow. Sixteen soluble trace elements and total mercury were determined in snow core samples representing the ann...
Mortality of passerines adjacent to a North Carolina corn field treated with granular carbofuran. 1996. Journal of Wildlife Diseases
Red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus) were collected during an epizootic in southeastern North Carolina (USA). Activity of brain cholinesterase (ChE) was inhibited by 14 to 48% in three of five specimens, and returned t...
Contaminants and Sea Ducks in Alaska and the Circumpolar Region. 1995. Environmental Health Perspectives
We review nesting sea duck population declines in Alaska during recent decades and explore the possibility that contaminants may be implicated. Aerial surveys of the surf scoter (Melanitta perspicillata) , white-winged scoter...
Impacts of mercury contamination in the southeastern United States. 1995. Water, Air, & Soil Pollution
Mercury (Hg) contamination from a variety of point and non-point sources, including atmospheric inputs, is currently considered to be the most serious environmental threat to the well being of fish and wildlife resources in t...
Metal and organic residues in addled eggs of least terns and piping plovers in the Platte Valley of Nebraska: in Higgins, K.F. and M.R. Brashier, eds. Proceedings, The Missouri River and its tributaries piping plover and least tern symposium/workshop. 1993.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Food-Chain Transfer of Trace Elements to Wildlife: In: Management of Irrigation and Drainage Systems: Integrated Perspectives 1993.
This proceedings, Management of Irrigation and Drainage Systems: Integrated Perspectives, consists of 156 papers presented at the 1993 ASCE National Conference on Irrigation and Drainage Engineering held in Park City, Utah, J...
Persistence of trace metals in shallow arctic marine sediments contaminated by drilling effluents. 1991. Oil and Chemical Pollution
Offshore oil exploration activity usually requires the discharge of drilling muds and formation cuttings into adjacent waters or on ice above these waters. Although dispersal of these muds is well documented in marine environ...
Assessment of organic and metal contaminants in Lower Back Bay and Upper Currituck Sound. In : H.G. Marshall and M.D. Norman (eds). Proceedings of the Back Bay Symposium. Virginia Beach, VA November 2-3, 1990. 1990.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
Drilling fluids and the arctic tundra of Alaska: Assessing contamination of wetlands habitat and the toxicity to aquatic invertebrates and fish 1988. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Drilling for oil on the North Slope of Alaska results in the release of large volumes of used drilling fluids into arctic wetlands. These releases, usually come from regulated discharges or seepage from reserve pits construc...
Last updated: February 13, 2013