Environmental Contaminants Electronic Library:
|Reproductive health of yellow perch Perca flavescens in selected tributaries of the Chesapeake Bay 2013. Science of The Total Environment
Reduced recruitment of yellow perch has been noted for a number of years in certain urbanized watersheds (South and Severn Rivers) of the Chesapeake Bay. Other rapidly developing watersheds such as Mattawoman Creek are more r...
|Localized Hotspots Drive Continental Geography of Abnormal Amphibians on U.S. Wildlife Refuges 2013.
Amphibians with missing, misshapen, and extra limbs have garnered public and scientific attention for two decades, yet the extent of the phenomenon remains poorly understood. Despite progress in identifying the causes of abno...
|Mercury in Wing and Tail Feathers of Hatch-Year and Adult Tidal Marsh Sparrows 2012. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
We estimated mercury exposure and bioaccumulation in sparrow feathers to determine variation among age groups, between sparrow species, and between feather types. Results of feather mercury studies in piscivorous birds indica...
|Wildlife Response: Silvertip Pipeline Oil Spill Yellowstone River, Montana 2011.
Environmental Contaminants Specialists from multiple states
with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service's (Service) Division of Environmental Quality have deployed to the pipeline break site near Billings, MT....
|The Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Program 2010.
Hazardous substances are a constant threat to our fish, wildlife, and other natural resources. As a result of concern over the influx of contaminants into the environment, and a wish to ensure that the responsible parties—not...
|Oil Spill Response 2010.
The Fish and Wildlife Service’s Role in Oil Spill Response
The Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for the protection of threatened and endangered species, migratory birds, and certain fish, marine mammals, and sea turt...
|Spill Response: Environmental Response and Restoration Branch 2010.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) provides advice, including appropriate cleanup techniques, actions and end points to the Federal On-Scene Coordinator to protect threatened and endangered species, migratory birds,...
|Restoration of Great Muskellunge in Green Bay (article from "Fish Lines") 2010. Fish Lines
|Cytochrome P4501A biomarker indication of oil exposure in harlequin ducks up to 20 years after the Exxon Valdez oil spill 2010. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry
Hydrocarbon-inducible cytochrome P4501A (CYP1A) expression was measured, as ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase (EROD) activity, in livers of wintering harlequin ducks (Histrionicus histrionicus) captured in areas of Prince William ...
|Environmental Contaminants in Tissues from an Atlantic Sturgeon (Acipenser oxyrinchus) Recovered in Wellfleet, Massachusetts 2010.
On February 2, 2007, a family walking along a Cape Cod beach in Wellfleet, Massachusetts, came upon a large
dead sturgeon in the sand. The 5 foot, 45 pound sturgeon was later identified as a male Atlantic sturgeon
|Reserve Pits: Mortality Risks to Birds 2009.
A reserve pit is an earthen pit excavated adjacent to a drilling rig and is commonly used for the disposal of drilling muds and fluids in natural gas or oil fields. If the reserve pit contains oil or oil-based products (i.e. ...
|Migratory Bird Mortality in Oilfield Wastewater Disposal Facilities 2009.
Commercial and centralized oil field wastewater disposal facilities (COWDFs), pose a significant risk to migratory birds and other wildlife because they use large evaporation ponds (either passive or with aeration) to dispose...
|After Action Report: Barge DM932 Oil Spill, Mississippi River, New Orleans, Louisiana 2009.
Description or Abstract Not Available...
|Evaluation of water quality threats to the endangered Okaloosa darter, Etheostoma okaloosae, in East Turkey Creek on Eglin Air Force Base 2009.
The federally endangered Okaloosa darter (Etheostoma okaloosae) is found almost exclusively on the Eglin Air Force Base in the Choctawhatchee Bay watershed of Florida. Portions of this limited habitat are threatened by smothe...
|Coeur d’Alene Basin Trustees: Coeur d’Alene Basin NRDAR Accomplishments Report 2007-2008 2009.
This report summarizes those restoration activities that were implemented between 2007 through 2008. The CdA Basin Trustees (Trustees) include the Department of
Agriculture, represented by the United States Forest Service (U...
|Intersex Fish: Endocrine disruption in smallmouth bass 2009.
Since 2003, scientists at the U.S.
Geological Survey’s National Fish
Health Research Laboratory
(NFHRL) in Kearneysville, WV have
been evaluating the reproductive
health of smallmouth bass in the upper
Potomac River and...
|Oil Spill Response 2008.
The Fish and Wildlife Service is responsible for the protection of threatened and endangered species, migratory birds, and certain fish, marine mammals, and sea turtles. As a major federal landowner, we are also responsible f...
|"Focus on...Contaminents" : from the January/February 2008 issue of the Refuge Update. 2008. Refuge Update
|Pollution Levels Declining in Waterfowl at an Eastern North Carolina Waste Site 2008.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) and partners measured pollutants in wood duck (Aix sponsa) eggs collected near a North Carolina paper mill. The mill, on the Roanoke River near Plymouth, is adjacent to one of the Na...
|Bridging the Gap: Contaminants biologists help turn environmental hazards into healthy wetlands. 2007.
Ecological Contaminants biologists help turn environmental hazards into healthy wetlands in the Coeur d'Alene Basin in northern Idaho....
|Protecting and Restoring Marbled Murrelet Habitat 2007.
In 1998, the tanker Command spilled
approximately 3,000 gallons (11,350
liters) of fuel oil from a damaged tank
while en route from San Francisco to
Central America. The spill oiled beaches
along the San Mateo County coa...
|Contaminants in Unexpected Places 2007.
Fish hatcheries are an important
tool in the Fish and Wildlife Service's
efforts to restore threatened and endangered
aquatic species. Unfortunately,
these facilities sometimes face the same
contaminant risks encountered...
|Restoring Whooping Crane Habitat in Texas 2007.
The Fish and Wildlife Service's Corpus
Christi Ecological Services Field Office in
Texas is seeking to restore and preserve
the crane's vital estuarine habitat. Its
most recent success was made possible
through a coopera...
|Spill Response: The Environmental Response and Restoration Branch 2007.
in Spill Response
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (Service) provides advice, including appropriate cleanup techniques, actions and end points to the Federal On-Scene Coordinator to protect threatened and endangered specie...
|Cosco Busan Oil Spill: Environmental Contaminants Program 2007.
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Role
in Spill Response
Staff from the Sacramento Fish and
Wildlife Office, San Francisco Bay
National Wildlife Refuge Complex,
Sacramento Regional Office, Portland
Regional Office, C...
|Mercury Contamination in Waterbirds Breeding in San Francisco Bay 2007.
San Francisco Bay has a legacy of mercury contamination from historical mercury mining
in the Coast Range and gold extraction in the Sierra Nevadas. An estimated 220 million pounds of mercury were mined in the coastal mounta...
|The Lake Apopka Agreement 2007. Endangered Species Bulletin
From November 1998 through early
April 1999, a bird die-off occurred on
the north shore of Lake Apopka, Florida.
The deaths occurred on former farmlands
that had been purchased to reduce
nutrient run-off into the lake by...
|The Environmental Contaminants Program 2007. Endangered Species Bulletin
Today, the Service's Environmental
Contaminants Program includes contaminants
specialists stationed at more than
75 locations around the country. These
scientists are on the front lines in the
fight against pollution. Th...
|Alaskans are "Pulling Together" 2007. Endangered Species Bulletin
When we hear about "invaders,"
we often imagine the danger these
interlopers pose is obvious and immediate.
However, newly introduced species
may not become invasive for decades
after they arrive. In 1993, biologist W.R....
|Developing Barriers to Biological Invasions 2007. Endangered Species Bulletin
The pathways used by non-native
species are not always obvious. Many
problematic species, diseases, and
parasites have been transferred to new
locations as undetected (and unplanned)
hitchhikers. Unintended introductions...
|Clearing the Water for Mussels 2007. Endangered Species Bulletin
In cooperation with our partners, the
Fish and Wildlife Service's Environmental
Contaminants Program provides the
science needed to improve water quality
for restoring freshwater mussels - our
Nation's largest group of t...
|Blood Lead Concentrations in Waterfowl Utilizing Lake Coeur d'Alene, Idaho 2007. Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
The Coeur d'Alene River Basin, Lake Coeur d'Alene, and the Spokane River contain elevated heavy metal concentrations in sediment and water from historical mining and ore processing operations in the Coeur d'Alene Basin. Lead ...
|AVIAN CONSUMPTION AND USE OF CONTAMINATED WATER SOURCES: TOXICOLOGICAL ASSESSMENTS OF EXPOSURE, EFFECTS AND SUSCEPTIBILITY.: Final Report - Part I 2007.
Introduction: Availability of clean water sources is critical to the daily survival of wild bird species, while migratory species are dependent on water sources as they labor to reach their wintering or breeding grounds. Wate...
|AVIAN CONSUMPTION AND USE OF CONTAMINATED WATER SOURCES: TOXICOLOGICAL ASSESSMENTS OF EXPOSURE, EFFECTS AND SUSCEPTIBILITY: Final Report – Part I - APPENDICES 2007.
|New Publications Advance Understanding of Freshwater Mussel Sensitivity to Pollutants 2007. Conserving the Nature of America
The October 2007 issue of the journal Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry has a special
section on the pollutant sensitivity of freshwater mussels. Scientists with U.S. Geological Survey
and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Servic...
|The Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Program: An Introduction 2005.
When hazardous substances enter the environment, fish, wildlife, and other natural resources can be injured. The Department of the Interior, along with State, Tribal and other Federal partners, act as "trustees" for these res...
|Tumors in Catfish from the South River, Anne Arundel County, MD 2005.
The brown bullhead (Ameiurus
nebulosus) is a species of catfish that
lives in rivers, lakes, and ponds. In tidal
waters, they can tolerate salinities up
to about 15 parts per thousand (about
half that of the ocean). Bull...
|Contaminant Exposure and Reproductive Health of Sandhill Cranes in the Central Platte River Valley, Nebraska. 2005.
The central Platte River Valley provides crucial staging habitat for the endangered whooping crane (Grus americana) and the mid-continent population of sandhill cranes (Grus canadensis). Platte River flow depletions and the c...
|Effects of Military Aircraft Chaff on Water Sources Available to Sonoroan Pronghorn 2005.
While the federally endangered Sonoran pronghorn (Antilocapra americana sonoriensis) population has plummeted on the Barry M. Goldwater Range in southwestern Arizona, biologists have questioned some range activities that may ...
|Remediation and Bioremediation of Selenium-Contaminated Waters: In: Water Encyclopedia 2005.
Selenium (Se) is a trace element that occurs naturally in soils, water, biota, and food. It is nutritionally required, but Se in excess is toxic to aquatic-associated wildlife such as fish and birds. Exposure to Se primarily ...
|Small-scale captive breeding of a euryhaline pipefish. 2004. World Aquaculture
Description or Abstract Not Available...
|Angler Alert: Fishing Line Can Kill! 2003.
Ospreys are very tolerant of humans and will
fish and nest close to populated communities.
They often line their nests with a variety of
natural and manmade materials. Some of the
manmade materials ospreys pick up include...
|Summary of Natural Resource Damage Assessment Restoration Projects at the Cleveland Mill. 2003.
Located in the headwaters of a small tributary of Little Walnut Creek, 5.5 miles north of Sliver City, in Grant County, New Mexico is the Cleveland Mill Superfund Site. This Site is an abandoned lead, zinc and copper mine an...
|Alaska - At Risk. In: The Foundation for Global Action on Persistent Organic Pollutants: A United States Perspective. 2002.
This technical support document is aimed at informing decision makers, general academia, and the public on the scientific foundation and relevance to the United States of the Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Polluta...
|Screening level contaminant survey of the Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, Milford, Maine.: Special Project Report 2000.
The 9,337-acre Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge is located in the Town of Milford,
Maine. The refuge is bisected by Sunkhaze Stream, the area’s major watercourse, and includes
extensive tracts of regionally-unique ...
|Beyond Cleanup: Restoring America's Natural Heritage: Facts About Superfund's Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Program 1998.
CERCLA, commonly known as
Superfund, was passed in 1980 with
bipartisan support, establishing a
"polluter pays" hazardous waste cleanup
program. CERCLA's trust fund - made
up of an environmental income tax, and
|Selenium poisoning of fish and wildlife in nature: lessons from twelve real-world examples: In: Environmental chemistry of selenium 1998.